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6 Best IC 555 Inverter Circuits Explored

6 Best IC 555 Inverter Circuits Explored

No doubt IC 555 is a versatile IC which has many applications in the electronic world. However when it comes to inverters, IC 555 becomes ideally suitable for it. In this post we'll discuss 5 outstanding IC 555 inverter circuits, from a simple square wave variant to slightly more advanced SPWM sinewave designs, and finally a full fledged ferrite core based DC to DC pwm inverter circuit. Let's begin.

The 6 unique designs below explains us how an ordinary single IC 555 astable multivibrator could be used effectively to make an inverter without involving complex stages.

The idea was requested by Mr. ningrat_edan.

The Design

Referring to the shown diagram, a single IC 555 can be seen configured in its standard astable mode, wherein its pin#3 is used as the oscillator source for implementing the inverter function.



simple center IC 555 inverter circuit

1) Using IC 555 as the Astable Oscillator

In an astable mode the pin#3 of IC 555 generates an alternating high/low pulses at a particular frequency rate depending on the values of the resistors and capacitor across its pin#7, Pin#6, 2 etc.

Pin#3 of the IC 555 generates the required 50Hz or 60Hz frequency for the mosfets.

Since the mosfets are required to run alternately for enabling a push pull oscillation on the attached transformer center tap winding, one of the mosfets is driven through an inverter stage. This inverter stage is built using a BC547 transistor which ensures that the two mosfets never conduct together at any instant.

The response allows the transformer to generate the required AC across its secondary winding and implement the intended IC 555 inverter circuit functioning.

When the mosfets conduct alternately, the relevant half winding is supplied with the high current from the battery.

During the ON periods the respective winding store energy in the form electromagnetic energy. When the mosfets are switches OFF the relevant winding kicks back its stored energy on the secondary mains winding inducing the 220V or 120V cycle on the output side of the transformer.

This keeps happening alternately for the two primary winding causing an alternating 220V/120V mains voltage to develop on the secondary side.

This type of center tap topology has a downside. When the primary half winding throws the reverse EMF, this is also subjected on the mosfet drain/source terminals. This can have a devastating effect on the mosfets if the reverse protection diodes are not included across the primary side of the transformer. But including these diodes also means precious energy being shunted to ground, causing the inverter to work with a lower efficiency.

Technical Specifications:

Power Output: Unlimited, can be between 100 watt to 5000 watts

Transformer: As per preference, Wattage will be as per the Output Load wattage requirement

Battery: 12V, and Ah rating should be 10 times more than the current selected for the transformer.

Waveform: Square Wave

Frequency: 50 Hz, or 60 Hz as per country code.

Output Voltage: 220V or 120V as per country code

How to Calculate IC 555 Frequency

The frequency of  IC 555 astable oscillator circuit is basically determined by an RC (resistor, capacitor) network configured across its pin#7, pin#2/6 and ground.

When IC 555 is applied as an inverter circuit, the values of these resistors and the capacitor is calculated such that the pin#3 of rthe IC produces a frequency of either around 50Hz, or 60 Hz. 50 Hz is the standard value compatible for 220V AC output while 60Hz is recommended for 120V AC outputs.

The formula for calculating the RC values in a IC 555 circuit is shown below:

F = 1.44 / (R1 + 2 x R2) C

Where F is the intended frequency output, R1 is the resistor which is connected between  pin#7 and ground in the circuit, while R2 is the resistor in between pin#7 and pin#6/2 of the IC. C is the capacitor found between pin#6/2 and ground.

Remember F will be in Farads, F will be in Hertz, R will be in Ohms, and C will be in microFarads (μF)

Video Clip:

Waveform Image:

IC 555 inverter waveform image

UPDATE: Did you know, you could make a cool modified sine wave inverter simply by combining a IC 555 with IC 4017, see the second diagram from this article: Recommended for all dedicated inverter hobbyists


2) IC 555 Full Bridge Inverter Circuit

The idea presented belowcan be considered as the simplest IC 555 based full bridge inverter circuit which is not only simple and cheap to build but is also significantly powerful. The power of the inverter may be increased to any reasonable limits y suitably modifying the number of mosfets at the output stage.

How it Works

The circuit of a simplest full bridge power inverter explained requires a single IC 555, a couple of the mosfets and a power transformer as the top ingredients.

As shown in the figure, the IC 555 has been wired as usual in the an astable multivibrator form. The resistors R1 and R2 decides the duty cycle of the inverter.

R1 and R2 must be adjusted and calculated precisely for getting a 50% duty cycle, otherwise the inverter output may generate unequal waveform, which may lead to unbalanced AC output, dangerous for the appliances and also the mosfets will tend to dissipate unevenly giving rise to multiple issues in the circuit.

The value of the C1 must be chosen such that the output frequency comes to about 50 Hz for 220V specs and 60 Hz for 120V specs.

The mosfets can be any power mosfets, capable of handling huge currents, may be upto 10 amps or more.

Here since the operation is a full bridge type without any full bridge driver ICs, two batteries are incorporated instead of one for supplying the ground potential for the transformer and in order to make the transformer secondary winding responsive to both positive and negative cycles from the mosfet operations.

The idea has been designed by me, however it has not been yet tested practically so kindly take this issue into consideration while making it.

Assumably the inverter should be able to handle upto 200 watts of power easily with great efficiency.

The output will be a square wave type.

IC 555 full bridge inverter using 2 batteries

Parts List

R1 and R2 = See Text,
C1 = See text,
C2 = 0.01uF
R3 = 470 Ohms, 1 watt,
R4, R5 = 100 Ohms,
D1, D2 = 1N4148
Mosfets = see text.
Z1 = 5.1V 1 watt zener diode.
Transformer = Asper power requirement,
B1, B2 = two 12 volts batteries, AH will be as per preference.
IC = 555

3) Pure Sinewave SPWM IC 555 Inverter Circuit

The proposed IC 555 based pure sine wave inverter circuit generates accurately spaced PWM pulses which imitates a sine wave very closely and thus can be considered as good as its sine wave counter part design.

Here we use  two stages for creating the required  PWM pulses, the stage comprising the ICs 741 and the other comprising the IC 555. Let’s learn the whole concept in details.

How the Circuit Functions – The PWM Stage

opamp TL072 based square wave and triangle wave modulation generator for IC 555

The circuit diagram can be understood with the following points:

The two op amps are basically arranged to generate the required sample source voltages for the IC 555.
The couple of outputs from this stage is responsible for the generation of square waves and triangular waves.

The second stage which is actually the heart of the circuit consists of the IC 555. Here the IC is wired in a monostable mode with the square waves from the op amp stage applied to its trigger pin #2 and the triangular waves applied to its control voltage pin # 5.

The square wave input triggers the monostable to generate a chain of pulses at the output where as the triangular signal modulates the width of this output square wave pulses.

The output from the IC 555 now follows the “instructions” from the op amp stage and optimizes its output in response to the two input signals, producing the sine equivalent PWM pulses.

Now it’s just a matter of appropriately feeding the PWM pulses to the output stages of an inverter consisting of the output devices, the transformer and the battery.

Integrating PWM with the Output Stage

Power transistor and transformer stage for sine wave IC 555 inverter circuit

The above PWM output is applied to the output stage as shown in the figure.

Transistors T1 and T2 receive the PWM pulses at their bases and switch the battery voltage into the transformer winding according to the duty cycles of the PWM optimized waveform.

The other two transistors make sure that the conduction of T1 and T2 takes place in tandem, that is alternately so tat the output o from the transformer generates one complete AC cycle with the two halves of the PWM pulses.

Waveform Images:

(Courtesy: Mr. Robin Peter)

Please also see this 500 VA modified sine wave design, developed by me.

Parts List for the above IC 555 pure sine wave inverter circuit

R1, R2, R3, R8, R9, R10 = 10K,

R7 = 8K2,

R11, R14, R15, R16 = 1K,

R12, R13 = 33 Ohms 5 Watt,

R4 = 1M preset,

R5 = 150 K preset,

R6 = 1K5

C1 = 0.1 uF,

C2 = 100 pF,

IC1 = TL 072,

IC2 = 555,

T1, T2 = BDY29,

T5, T6 = TIP 127,

T3, T4 = TIP122

Transformer = 12 – 0 – 12 V, 200 Watts,

Battery = 12 volts, 100 AH.

IC 555 Pinout

IC 555 pinout details

IC TL072 Pinout Details

IC TL072 pinout details

SPWM waveform stands for sinewave pulse width modulation waveform and this is applied in the discussed SPWM inverter circuit using a few 555 ICs and a single opamp.

4) Another Sine wave Version using IC 555

In one of my earlier posts we elaborately learned how to build a SPWM generator circuit using an opamp and two triangle wave inputs, in this post we use the same concept to generate the SPWMs and also learn the method of applying it within a IC 555 based inverter circuit.

IC 555 sine wave pwm inverter circuit

Using IC 555 for the Inverter

The diagram above shows the entire design of the proposed SPWM inverter circuit using IC 555, where the center IC 555 and the associated BJT/mosfet stages forms a basic square wave inverter circuit.

Our aim is to chop these 50Hz square waves into the required SPWM waveform using an opamp based circuit.

Therefore we accordingly configure a simple opamp comparator stage using the IC 741, as shown in the lower section of the diagram.

As already discussed in our past SPWM article, this opamp needs a couple of triangle wave sources across its two inputs in the form of a fast triangle wave on its pin#3 (non-inverting input) and a much slower triangle wave at its pin#2 (inverting input).

Using IC 741 for the SPWM

We achieve the above by using another IC 555 astable circuit which can be witnessed at the extreme left of the diagram, and use it for creating the required fast triangle waves, which is then applied to the pin#3 of the IC 741.

For the slow triangle waves we simple extract the same from the center IC 555 which is set at 50% duty cycle and its timing capacitor C is tweaked appropriately for getting a 50Hz frequency on its pin#3.

Deriving the slow triangle waves from the 50Hz/50% source ensures that the chopping of the SPWMs across the buffer BJTs is perfectly synchronized with the mosfet conduct ions, and this in turn ensures that the each of the square waves are perfectly "carved" as per the generated SPWM from the opamp output.

The above description clearly explains how to make a simple SPWM inverter circuit using IC 555 and IC 741, if you have any related queries please feel free to use the below given comment box for prompt replies.

Update:

A deeper investigation reveals that the slow triangle waves must have  a frequency of 100Hz and not 50 Hz for creating correctly dimensioned SPWMs, this may be done by using a frequency doubler stage bewtween pin#2 of the IC 741 and the 50Hz from pin#6/2 of the center 555 IC.

Designing a Compact Ferrite Core IC 555 Inverter

The above concept is based on an iron core transformer, in order to convert it into a compact ferrite cored IC 555 inverter circuit, the iron transformer could be replaced with a ferrite EE core transformer consisting of 9 + 9 turns for the primary, and 300 turns for the secondary, using 0.8mm wire for the primary and 0.3 mm wire for the secondary.

This will also need the 555 frequency to be increased to around 50kHz, instead of the 50Hz assigned for the iron core transformer.

IC IRS2453 Pinouts

IRS2453 pinout details

5) Ferrite Core Compact Version

Also, for implementing a ferrite core inverter, the output from the transformer will need to be rectified using a bridge rectifier and the resulting DC fed to a 50Hz full bridge or H-bridge processor, as shown below:

In this processor circuit the IC 555 functions as an adjustable PWM generator while IRS2453 constitutes the full bridge driver circuit, together the stages execute a pure sine sine wave waveform for the proposed IC 555 inverter circuit.

6) IC 555 Inverter with Automatic Arduino Battery Charger

In this 6th inverter design we use a 4017 decade counter and a ne555 timer Ic are used to generate a sinewave pwm signal for the inverter and an Arduino based automatic high/low battery cut-off with alarm.

By: Ainsworth Lynch

Introduction

In this circuit what actually happens is that the 4017 outputs a pwm signal from 2 of its 4 output pins which is then chopped up and if the proper output filtering is in place at the secondary side of the transformer it takes the shape or close enough to the shape of an actual sine wave form.

The first NE555 feeds a signal to pin 14 of the 4017 which is 4 times the required output frequency that you need since the 4017 switches across its 4 outputs, in other words if you need 60hz you would need to supply 4*60hz to pin 14 of the 4017 IC which is 240hz.

This circuit has an over voltage shutdown feature, under voltage shutdown feature and a low battery alarm feature all that is done by a microcontroller platform called the Arduino which needs to be programmed.

The program for the Arduino is straight forward and has been provided at the end of the article.

If you feel that you won’t be able to complete this project with the micro controller added it can be omitted and the circuit will work just the same.

How the Circuits Works

This IC 555 Inverter with Arduino Hi/Low Battery Shutdown Circuit can work from 12v, 24, and 48v going to 48v an appropriate version voltage regulator would have to be selected and the transformer sized accordingly also.

The Arduino can be powered with 7 to 12v or even 5v from a usb but for a circuit like this it would be good to power it from 12v as not to have any voltage drop on the digital output pins which is used to power a relay which turns on the Ic in the circuit and also a buzzer for low voltage alarm.

The Arduino will be used to read battery voltages and it only works from 5V DC so a voltage divider circuit is used I used a 100k and a 10k in my design and those values are plotted in the code that is programmed in the Arduino chip so you have to use the same values unless you made modification to the code or write a different code which can be done since the Arduino is an open source plat form and its cheap.

The Arduino board in this design is also connected up with an LCD display 16*2 to display battery voltage.

Below is the schematic for the circuit.

IC 555 Inverter with Arduino Hi/Low Battery Shutdown

I also designed the PCB for this specific SG3525 inverter with Arduino battery charger circuit, you can check it out and download it if needed from this link

Program for the Battery Cut Off:

#include <LiquidCrystal.h>
LiquidCrystal lcd(7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12);
int analogInput = 0;
float vout = 0.0;
float vin = 0.0;
float R1 = 100000.0; // resistance of R1 (100K) -see text!
float R2 = 10000.0; // resistance of R2 (10K) - see text!
int value = 0;
int battery = 8; // pin controlling relay
int buzzer =7;
void setup(){
pinMode(analogInput, INPUT);
pinMode(battery, OUTPUT);
pinMode(buzzer, OUTPUT);
lcd.begin(16, 2);
lcd.print("Battery Voltage");
}
void loop(){
// read the value at analog input
value = analogRead(analogInput);
vout = (value * 5.0) / 1024.0; // see text
vin = vout / (R2/(R1+R2));
if (vin<0.09){
vin=0.0;//statement to quash undesired reading !
}
if (vin<10.6) {
digitalWrite(battery, LOW);
}
else {
digitalWrite(battery, HIGH);
}
if (vin>14.4) {
digitalWrite(battery, LOW);
}
else {
digitalWrite(battery, HIGH);
}
if (vin<10.9)) {
digitalWrite(buzzer, HIGH)
else {
digitalWrite(buzzer, LOW
lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
lcd.print("INPUT V= ");
lcd.print(vin);
delay(500);
}

For more info you may feel free to express your queries through comments.

SHARING IS CARING!


About the Author

I am an electronic engineer (dipIETE ), hobbyist, inventor, schematic/PCB designer, manufacturer. I am also the founder of the website: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/, where I love sharing my innovative circuit ideas and tutorials. If you have any circuit related query, you may interact through comments, I'll be most happy to help!



177 thoughts on “6 Best IC 555 Inverter Circuits Explored”


  1. Howdy, Friend! Interested to Learn Circuit Designing? Let's Start Discussing below!
  2. Dear Mr. Swagatam,
    Do you recommend connecting transformers in parallel for use in an inverter application, since i have on hand two 500VA transformer units procured from old UPSes, both same in size, weight, input/output voltage and power.
    The transformers have PRI 2 in pins and SEC 2 out pins.
    My questions are:
    1. Can i connect them in parallel with the idea of having a 1000VA power from it.
    2. I have noticed that on paralleling the windings, the resistances of both stages drops down to much less than half of what each transformer had.
    (To clarify: pri to pri and sec to sec together).
    Still, for safety I never applied mains energy to the transformer setup i made.
    3. Do paralleling two transformers for more output power dangerous for the inverter circuit either being made by hand or getting ready-made procured inverter cards.
    4. Is this something sensible we can do or try? what about the heat distribution between them, if we setup the sufficient spacing and ventilation between them?
    I do prefer making circuits from your site since i trust them from a great long time.

    • Dear Sherwin,
      If the specifications of the transformers are reasonably equal then you can connect the primary sides in parallel in an inverter application.

      But I won’t recommend connecting the secondary or 220V side in parallel, due to the risk of opposite polarity connection, and a slight mismatch in the specs might result in wastage of power.

      So the primary DC side can be connected in parallel to the inverter, and the secondary side could be individually connected to separate loads.

      Thank you for trusting my circuits, It’s my pleasure!

  3. Sir.. One question from me.. If i can use 7ah 12v battery in any inverter cricuit like 200w or 500w then how much current flow to the
    two point of transformer primary connection… If we have 12-0-12 transformer.. Please give me write current value sir..

    • Apurva, with 7Ah you can drive only upto 100 watt loads, if you exceed this then that will be harmful for the battery.

      Divide the wattage with the battery voltage that will give you the current flowing through the wires.

      • Ok fine… One more thing also explain sir if i used 12-0-12 5amp transformer and the cricuit will made by 2 mosfet with pulse generators ic then how much wattage will give in output ac Current. if battery will have 7ah 12v…and also explain me how much current comes to the connection two point of the transformer into the cricuit??? …can i find that point maximum current to the battery amp.. Aur less…??

        • Multiplying 12 with 5 will give you the approximate output power from the inverter. But practically it could be much less than this result due to transformer inefficiency and false labeling.
          Divide the wattage of the transformer with the battery voltage to get the approximate current flowing into the transformer winding

          • Current flowing into the winding of transformer will rated actual to amp of the transformer or different? Means if i have 300w transformer then the current will be 25amp into the transformer with a 12V battery?

            • In your example the 25 amp will be the maximum capacity of the transformer, but the actual current will depend on how much the battery can deliver into the transformer. And it will also depend on the load. smaller load will draw smaller current from the transformer, higher load will draw higher current, but this will ultimately depend on the battery capacity.

            • It means If the battery will be 7ah 12v and 10amp transformer then it’ll generate 120watt only. But this phenomenon does not occur with my ups. Because my computer ups glows 2 100w bulb for 15min and the transformer used in the ups is not more than 10amp because the core is (1inch) and bobbin size(1.5 sq inch) So how it is possible I cant understand.

            • I have already explained you that if you operate more than 100 watt with 12V 7Ah, the battery will get damaged, so it is not recommended.
              the transformer that you are referring to could be a ferrte based transformer and not iron based therefore it looks smaller but could be rated with more capacity.

            • can i use 10amp transformer for 12v 7ah battery with any inverter circuit (where 2 or four mosfet will used)… Which give output power above the 200 watt or more for few min like 10 or 15 min can it is possible sir??

            • That can be never possible, a 10 amp 12V transformer will never produce 200 watts. Please respect the calculations and please do not give vague explanations.

  4. According ur last comment.(30 dec) i do and the result would be ok… Means led glow flashing type.. It means it is correct and and the voltage will vary like up and down in any point of cricuit like gate pin of both mosfet … But after connecting the transformer 12-0-12 then one mosfet will be heat in bc547 side and no ac power produced in output by tranformer… I cant understand why it is occur… Than i think mosfet will be damage but i check it… It will be ok.. And sir i used irf44n mosfet… Sir i ask one more question how much amp.. Tranformer used in this project… Please recommend me sir..

  5. Sir.. In second diagram the resistance which are attached to zener diode what its value..10k aur 10ohms…which one is… Please comment me…

        • Sir in ur second diagram the 7v generates by the pin 3 of ic555 passes through the 10ohms and 9.v zener diode it show in gate of mosfet is 2.33v and other side 10k resistance it show 0. 33v which are connected to the base of bc547… But sir it not any effect on transformer and not any ac output generate in secondary side of transformer.. Please solve my problem sir…

          • Apurva, you can remove the zener diodes, I introduced them to create a separation between the conduction of the two mosfets….but basically you can remove it, and replace them with a wire link. I hope you have connected the diodes across the transformer winding as shown in the diagram. You can use 1N4007 initially

            • Sir can i do this one or second cricuit diagram because some component are different in ur given diagram and second cricuit diagram… Which one i do this… And one more thing can i remove zener diode from the cricuit and place IN4007 in place of IN5408… Then its work properly yes ya no… Please rply me sir…

            • Apurva, you can do whichever you feel easy, both will work. you can remove the zener diodes, and also you can use 1N4007 across the transformer winding.

            • Sir i do according ur comment but problem is that.. Is the one mosfet will be heat and the voltage on gate will be same as pin 3 voltage of ic 555 and another mosfet where bc547 where connected there are no any voltage show on gate pin of their mosfet… Why it is occur please shot out this problem sir… I remove both zener diode and in 5408 in place of 1n4007…

            • It means your IC 555 is not oscillating. First make a simple iC 555 flasher to confirm whether it is oscillating or not. disconnect everything from pin#3 of the IC and connect an LED from pin#3 to ground through a 1K resistor.

              Also replace the pin#6/2 capacitor with a 10uF

              now the led should blink, if not then your IC 555 circuit has some fault….first confirm this.

            • Sir i use irfz44n mosfet in place of irf540n… I think no problem from that… Please rply me on both comments sir…

  6. Can i use full bridges pwm inverter cricuit digram in my project… Where transformer is without centertape..in ur second cricuit diagram….

    • you can correct the offset null issue by connecting a 10K preset across pin#1,5,4 of the IC, connect the outer leads of the preset with pin# 1 and pin#5, and connect the center lead with pin#4

  7. Good day sir,

    Please the circuit shown above for 555 timer inverter if I convert it DC TO DC Boost, by replacing with ferrite transformer, and make it at 12v input to achieve 310v output, sir you can see at the time of running the H-bridge inverter the input voltage to dc to dc will ten to decrease to say 11v, likewise the rectified DC of 310v will ten to decrease also, so in this case how do I make a feedback voltage with 555 to increase the pwm automatically to achieve exactly 310v at the state of 11v decrease from 12v input to dc to dc boost?

    • Kabir, you may have to employ the concept which is used in the last diagram from this article

      https://homemade-circuits.com/simple-solar-mppt-circuit-using-ic555/

      build the IC1, IC2 and the 741 stage only, and replace this over the existing IC 555 pwm in the above article.

      the pwm from pin#3 then can be used for controlling the inverter output.

      the 741 input can be acquired by creating a resistive divider across the inverter 220V output such that around 12V is sent to the 741 input and this must correspond to 220V across the inverter output, now if the 220V tends to rise, the PWM will be forced to get narrower and vice versa.

  8. Dear Swagatam,

    Thank you so many for your prompt answer, and for all you do in this site. Are you saying that the output of the second circuit is a square waveform? (you wrote in the description of the circuit that it generates a sine waveform, which I interpret as a PWM image of a sine waveform) ?

    • Dear Michael,
      PWM is standard digital method for creating pure sinewave in all sinewave inverters. But ideally it is an SPWM which interprets into perfect sinewave at the output.

      However that may be true only if a transformer is used or through the use of inductors and capacitors.

      Having said this, even without inductors or filters When an SPWM is used the load will ultimately interpret the input as a sinewave, although a slightly crude one.

      Therefore, the second circuit should ideally have an SPWM input instead of a uniform PWM, as shown in the diagram.

  9. Dear swagatam,

    In the second circuit, I don’t understand how the IC 555 can causes the circuit to generate a pure sine wave, that is, how it generates the correct PWM. Can you explain that?

  10. Dear Swagatam,
    Thank you so much for your reply. Yes, you are so right. The lift didn’t go to to the top floor before, but now my H-bridge light is finally switched on.
    Regards, Reitz

  11. Dear Swagatam
    I have a question about the centre tap of the primary winding. I understand how and why the transformer is working. Noting the following from your design explanation:
    ” The zener diodes at the gates of the mosfets introduce a slight delay time or dead time between the mosfet conduction and inhibits any possibility of both mosfets getting engaged together even for a fraction of a second.”
    As the mosfets cannot conduct together, would it then be possible to use this circuit on a coil without a centre tap, connecting the drains of both the mosfets to one side of the coil and the other side of the coil to +12V? I’m asking because I’m contemplating a 12VAC circuit to drive a de-magnetising/degaussing coil. I have a core from a old 12VDC auto solenoid handy which I want to use. Probably would have to up the frequency somewhat.
    Thank you for a great site. I learned a lot from reading the comments and your replies
    Reitz

    • Thank you Reitz,

      The method that you have imagined can be simply applied using a single mosfet and a single output oscillator such an IC 555, however that will not produce a push-pull effect, which becomes rather the main purpose of using full bridge networks.

      by using a single mosfet, single winding topology you can eliminate the center tap mess, but the output from the secondary will be a one-sided waveform, and not an AC waveform.

      I hope you got the point.

  12. Sir what is the effect if to say I leave it around 50Hz to 55HZ for the 555 timer at pin3 and the IC IRS2453D kept at 50HZ?

  13. Sir,

    I have change the 1k and c2 and successfully achieved 50HZ; but the problem is that the frequency is not staying at 50HZ fixed, its fluctuating to 55HZ When ever power is switch off and switch on again, when you measure again you will see it change from 50HZ to around 55Hz. therefore you have to reset it again. Help.

    • Kabir, where did you measure the frequency? please check it at the 555 IC pin#3….or you can replace the preset with a fixed resistor for permanently fixing the value.

  14. Sir,I have refer to the link; If I replace the zener with 15v, does the resistor 10k 1/2watt need to be change or not? or that 9v 1watt zner will give me 15v out put?

    • Kabir, the output voltage at emitter will be around 0.6V less than the zener value.

      the 15K can be used for 15V zener also….this resistor determines the emitter current and a safe operating current for the zener.

  15. Sir, how can I get 12v out of 60v from solar panel to drive my circuit, as you used 33k 10watt R in the full bridge side and get 15v? I have used 33k 10watt but the supply voltage is 60v, therefore I got 15v out, when I connect to the circuit the voltage dropped to 1v and the circuit did not function, I suspect the supply voltage differences that result in to this, Help.

    • It will be the same frequency, that is 50Hz which needs to be set for the IC 555, preferably at a 50% duty cycle.

      this duty cycle can be changed for adjusting the RMS value of the output AC

  16. Sir,

    in the full bridge side, there is 2 pot, please which one is for setting the frequency, and how to set the other one for duty cycle? already I have frequency meatre .

  17. SORRY FOR MY TOO MUCH QUESTION .

    CAN I USED BUCK CONVERTER TO MAXIMIZED THE OUTPUT CURRENT AND STABILIZED THE VOLTAGE TO THE REQUIRE VOLTAGE LEVEL OF MY FERRITE CORE BEFORE FEEDING IT TO FULL BRIDGE SECTION?

  18. THANKS FOR YOUR REPLIES :And That is very correct Sir.

    I have change the Zen diode from 7v to 3.5v, and it successfully drive my IRFP450, and for the Trf winding I have change the SWG to 30swg 10 (strand) 5o tune for primary and made 40 tune 5 (strand) for the secondary with thinking that the output voltage will reduce, but nevertheless the voltage remained as its (230v dc WHEN I APPLY 12V INPUT) And if I move to 24v the output increase to 430. and my intention is to Apply direct 60v from solar panel.that is at this stage when I apply 60v the output will be up to thousand voltage. but in your 555 timer booster, your primary tune is 50 and the secondary tune is 200. and that is exactly for my first winding and achieve 320v dc when I apply 12v, that is why I change the secondary winding to 40 tune with intention to reduce the voltage. HELP

    • the primary winding should be preferably equal to the supply voltage…for 60V you must use 60 turns. for reducing the output voltage you can reduce the the turns in the output winding.

  19. Thank you Sir,

    Sir, if I change the capacitor value at the output of my Ferrite trsf,that is from 22uf/400 to 2200uf/450 What will be the effect of my output; its capacitance change or there should be a modification in the output load?

    • Kabir, The output response will improve if the filter capacitor value is increased, but the output voltage might increase because of this which will need to be corrected using the PWM adjustment. the output load will not require any change.

  20. Sir, I have noticed my problem, that IRF547 In the circuit, I have replaced it with IRFP450, which prevent the circuit to work; later I just refer back to your 555 timer DC to DC boost converter, I just eliminated that 10k and 9v z from the circuit and the circuit is now working perfectly. But I tested it with 12v battery and achieved 320v DC out put. Sir my question is when I use 60v input from the solar panel, the output voltage will change or not? My ferrite core primary winding is 50 tune with 5 strand 20swg and the secondary 200 tune with single 20swg. You can see that I have altered your specification OF SWG in the circuit; this is because I determined the output load of my inverter and maximum current for the wire gauge, that 0.5mm seem like can not carry high load of current, and that 1.00mm can not carry high input current. But if I when wrong base on my assumption please correct me.

    • Hi Kabir, the 9V zener could be reduced to some lower value, say 4.7V etc because the zeners help to achieve a dead time which is important for the inveter's safe functioning…anyway for a 60V input, the tafo will need to be dimensioned accordingly and the winding could be altered to get any desired output from the design.
      instead of using single thick wire it's better to use many thin wires in parallel for a much efficient response….instead of 20SWG, try a few strands of 30SWG in parallel.

      ….and make sure that the IC 555 gets 12V for operating and not 60V.
      rest everything may be OK.

  21. please sir help me as urgent,
    I have build the first circuit but before testing i will like to insure the curret polarity of the zener diode, as you said the mosfit will conduct base on the negative and positive pulse of the 555 timer, so by looking at the circuit you can see that the zener diode is facing positive all of them to the mosfit, that is at a positive pulse one of the mosfit will not conduct. or the are as it is. Help

  22. thanks for ur reply sir, hope u r doing well.i have some questions .which circuit should i use ? what is the transformer & battery ratings ? is that a sine wave or square wave inverter??

    • if you integrate the second circuit, then it will become a sinewave.
      transformer and battery rating can be as per your inverter power requirement…

  23. sir, i have made this on proteus but haven't got the desired output yet could u check it plz ?? i have to make an 100 watt inverter for my university project .need ur help sir

    • asad, sorry I cannot verify a software interpretation, but I can guarantee that this inverter will perform as specified when built practically without errors..

  24. hello sir,
    Best wishes
    sir, can you help me make an inverter circuit with an ac voltage pulsed out of 500watt, so if out burdened by 500watt light the lamp may blink and blink rhythm can be set using a potentiometer with a frequency of at least 50Hz maximum out 100hz.
    thank my regards

    • Sorry sir if it is so contrary to you due to certain factors, actually I wanted to create a series of electrofishing to output a pulsed ac voltage, …
      once again please forgive me if my request is contrary to your
      my regards

    • Ningrat, I did not get any email,

      please send it again or post it in the following forum

      /forums/forum/electronic-circuit-discussions

      in this forum I am the admin.

  25. hello sir, pls I need ur assistance
    i'm designing a digital display circuit, ther was a component I can't find in ma country such as 2N3053 transitor. is ther any other transistor use to replace and also gv me the same configuration it does???? thanks

  26. Hello, sir
    I hope you are always healthy, ..
    sir if i can send an email to you because I want to discuss a scheme and I find it difficult to attach the scheme in this forum

    • Hello Ningrat, for a long term consultation you can signup and start posting here

      /forums/forum/electronic-circuit-discussions

      or for brief discussion you an use my email admin @ homemade-circuits.com

  27. Thank you very much sir,
    sir if I could replace the transistor BC547 and bc557 with other types may BD139 and BD140 or s8550 and s8050? if it can do I need to change the value of the other components?
    my regards

  28. I need a circuit standby automatic charger for charging 12volt battery with a maximum current of 2 amperes, this circuit will be installed in the inverter.
    Automatic question is:
    1. The automatic cut off the charging current when the battery is in full condition
    2. The inverter will turn on automatically when power outage
    3. The inverter will automatically turn off when the power flame back.
    Thank you so much my regards

  29. Hello, sir
    Can you help me again, I have to stand by charger circuit using ferrite transformer would I plug the inverter circuit that I have made.
    I had been using stand by charger which uses iron transformer I think if the circuit uses ferrite transformer would facilitate.
    Thank you so much my regards

  30. a pressing issue, why I wanted to make this inverter because in the area I frequent power cuts in 4 hours
    and if it's quite possible it will greatly help me

  31. I'm very sorry sir, too many of my questions got me so confused
    actually i need a simple circuit using a transformer ferritte inverter that can be used to supply domestic appliances such as water pump, fan, TV and other types of induction motors.
    The circuit may be able to use ic TL494, NE555 because the component is very easy to be in my area, there are some circuit which uses components that are very difficult in the can in my area wide ic3524,3525, IR2153, and other types

  32. if the output of the circuit is converted into a dc voltage using a diode bridge and then a dc voltage is converted back into an ac voltage what it could be?
    series such as what can turn into a dc voltage low frequency ac voltage in this issue?

    • ferrite core can be operated only with high frequency, that's why initially high frequency is used for stepping up the battery voltage to 220V and then it is converted back to low frequency for our home appliances.

  33. if we change the value of Rt and Ct to get 50Hz whether it could be applied in the ferrite transformer?
    I mean a string of additional output transformer that will turn into a 50Hz 50kHz frequency

    • ferrite transformer is supposed to be connected with the first diagram which has 50 Khz frequency, the lower circuit needs to be set at 50 Hz….

      the load or appliance can be directly connected the lower circuit mosfet.

      the 50 khz from the top circuit is fed to the second circuit through the bridge rectifier

  34. sir, this circuit produces high frequency ac voltage 50kHz whether it can converted into low frequency ac voltage between 50Hz – 60Hz

    • Ningrat, the Rt, Ct values in the second circuit determines the 50Hz frequency for the load.

      you can get the formula in the datasheet of the IC

  35. hello sir,
    I'm very grateful you have deigned to answer my questions by posting an inverter circuit NE555 ic that works on ferrite transformer, I really hope you do not get bored if I will be asking a lot more about this circuit.
    I pray that God bless your family

  36. My another Qestion Sir, for instant if i want to modify an low watt inverter less said 50watt please what and what do i going to change or to add. may i going to change height voltage transformer or i am going to add more transistor in pararal please which one should i going to do??

    • It should be load current, not load wattage….your procedure was correct but in place of 9 watt you must apply current.

      current can be found by dividing 9 watt with load voltage.

  37. Please Sir help me as you are doing to us. please guide me how i am going to calculate battery mAH . Assume that the battery is 12v 100mAH and connected with 500watt inverter if i connect 7 phone chager each is 6 watt and 9 watt CFL how many are hours may the battery's charging take before the it finish

    • I guess you meant to say 100AH battery??

      you simply have to divide the battery AH with the load current, and multiply the result with 0.6, that will give you the approx battery back up time.

  38. hello sir swagattam, I designed an inverter, it is working perfectly. but my problem is '' the heatsink ther was not fan connected to it and it is hot so much. I need an automatic fan circuit for cooling of the heatsink whenever it start heating the fan will automatically blowing, and whenever it stop heating the fan will automatically stop…. thanks

  39. Domnule Swagatam Majumdar,va rog sa-mi spuneti daca acest invertor poate fi folosit la o pompa electronica pentru centrala termica,atunci cand reteaua de curent a cazut.pompa consuma 40w.daca nu ce modificari trebuie aduse.Scuze ca nu vorbesc engleza.pls raspundeti.tank you

  40. I am using a simple transformer. When I press ctrl+E, but tell me that how can i calculate these values like primary inductance, secondary inductance etc. Can you suggest me some calculator for this purpose?. My requirements are below: primary voltage: 220V, 50Hz secondary voltage: 12V, 1A

    • I have already discussed how to design an inverter transformer in this website, you can refer to that article. you can find it through the search box above or by Google search..

  41. Please can u help me and tell me how may i know the transformer WATT because i have UPS transformer but i don't know it WATT?

    • apply mains AC across its mains side and then using an AC ammeter measure the current directly across the other side wire ends…then multiply the reading with the voltage specification of those wires

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