DRL or Day Time Running Lights are a chain of bright lights mostly LEDs installed just under a vehicle's headlight, which illuminate automatically during day time to ensure that others can distinctly notice the vehicle approaching even from a distance.
The presented circuit of a DRL or a Day Time Running Light was requested by Mr.Senthil. Let's understand the complete design.
I'm an avid DIYer. Recently, i was looking to make a DRL(daytime running light) for my car using 1 watt smd LEDs.
But i couldn't find an appropriate circuit for my need. I want to drive Eight 1watt LEDs from my car battery.
I would very much appreciate if you could design a simple and rugged circuit to drive 8 x 1watt leds from a 12-14v input.
I'm also planning to add a heat-sink to dissipate any heat generated by the leds.
Thanks & Regards,
What's a DRL or Day Time Running Light Device:
A DRL is a safety car lighting device specifically assigned to moving vehicles for increasing the conspicuity of the vehicle during day time, especially when the daylight is accompanied with fog or during dull overcast days.It is normally fixed just beside the headlamps on either sides.
Normally a DRL system is in the form of constantly illuminated high intensity lamp. With the advent of modern High intensity LEDs, making a DRL lamp is matter of less than an hour.
As per the request the proposed day time running light or DRL circuit would be in the following form:
However in case you are interested to spice up the above idea a bit, and think that the system should do justice to the name that it has been specified, you would want to make it a literally "running" or chasing kinda thing!
Making a Chasing DRL Circuit
The DRL circuit discussed below shows how we can add a running effect to the above design and make it further interesting.
The circuit is actually a straightforward powerful LED light chaser circuit which is able to drive many 1 watt LeDs in a sequential manner.
The IC 4017 is a Johnsons Decade counter which generates a sequential switching at its 10 outputs in response to positive pulses fed at its pin#14. These pulses are referred to as clock signals.
As can be seen in the given circuit diagram, the IC 555 is configured in its basic astable multivibrator mode, and generates the required clocks for the IC 4017.
The clock pulses are taken from pin#3 of the IC555 and fed to pin#14 of IC4017.
In response to the above clocks, the output of the IC 4017 shifts a high logic sequence from pin#3 to pin#6. The moment it reaches pin#6, the sequence reverts to pin#3 and the cycle repeats.
Since only 8 LEDs are requested, pin#9 is connected to the reset pin of the IC so that the only 8 outputs become active with the required functions.
The speed at which this sequence may "run" or "chase" will depend on the setting of the 100k pot. Any value between 1 to 5 Hz may be set by suitably adjusting the pot.
The transistors respond to the sequencing high pulses at their bases and switch ON the connected 1 watt LEDs in the same pattern creating a powerful dazzling "running" LED light effect.
Since the illumination is very powerful, would become visible even during daytime and on foggy days and thus the circuit becomes very suitable as a DRL unit and may be used in cars as a Day Time Running Light device.
Chasing Dark Spot LED DRL Circuit
For creating a "running dark spot effect" use PNP transistors in place of the NPN ones, connect the emitters to the positive, and connect the LEDs across the collectors and ground. Do not forget to reverse the LED polarity too.
2) Smart Car DRL Controller Circuit
The second design explains how the DRLs in a car may be controlled by reducing its intensity while the headlamps or the indicator lamps are being used, for enhancing its efficiency. The idea was requested by Mr. Rob. Let's learn more about this smart DRL intensity manager circuit.
I'll try and explain in more detail. I want a module which will connect to a set of aftermarket DRLs that will allow them to turn on when the cars ignition is on (ideally via direct battery connection with a voltage sensor to turn them on but if not via ignition live feed).
The module needs to connect to the headlight so that when it is turned on the DRLs dim to 50%.
The module also needs to dim the DRLs when the indicator is activated on that particular side of the car (right DRL dims when right indicator is turned on etc.).
This aspect isn't necessary when the headlights are on as the DRLs are already dim. When the indicators turn off I would like the DRL to fade back to full brightness say over a period of 2 seconds or similar.
It is basically just like the new Audi DRLs which are built into their headlights.
I hope this is enough information for you to produce a schematic but if not I can try and give you some more information. Also, using your relay method would be best!
The Circuit Design
The proposed smart, energy efficient DRL controller circuit could be constructed in any of the following methods.
The first one is a rather crude approach which will provide the intended results but will not save any electricity for you, so the purpose could fail here.
The T1 stage is included for enabling the fade-back effect over the DRL, if this feature is not required, T1, R2, C1 may be entirely eliminated and the N/C of the relay directly joined with the junction of DRL positive and R1.
C1 decides the gradual brightening period of the DRL
The second design could be considered energy efficient due to the inclusion of a voltage regulator stage incorporating T2, R1, R2. T2 is configured as a common collector.
Here T1 and the associated parts perform the same function as above while T2 is rigged to produce 50% less voltage for the DrL when the headlights or the turn signals are switched ON.
The last circuit is also a smart way of controlling the DRL illumination.
Here the T2 stage has been replaced with the LM317 current regulator stage which controls the DRL intensity by 50% during the recommended situations but unlike the second circuit it executes the operations by reducing the current instead of voltage.
Parts List for the above circuit designs
- R1, R2, R3 = 10k
- T1, T2 = TIP122
- D1, D2 = 1N4007
- D3 = also 1N4007 (optional)
- Relay = 12V, 400 ohms, SPDT
Parts List for the above circuit design
- R1 = 1.25/DRL amp value (less 50%
- R2 = 10k 1/4 watt
- C1 = 470uF/25V
- T1 = TIP122
- D1, D2 = 1N4007
- D3 = also 1N4007 (optional)
- Relay = 12V, 400 ohms, SPDT
Feedback, and suggested corrections from Mr. Rob
Thanks for doing the schematic of the DRL Indicator module. The reason we need it to dim is to make it legal in the UK to have DRLs and Indicators so close to each other.Anyway, I've ordered the parts for the schematic as I'm short on a few bits however just a query with the 12v + supply to the battery.
As the battery is constantly live will this 'module' be constantly draining power when the car is not in use as the DRLs would always be on? If it were a 'ignition live' positive feed then this would only provide power to the 'module' when the ignition is turned on.
What are your thoughts on this? Do we need to look at installing another circuit which goes to the battery that has a separate trigger switch that can identify when the car is not being used/ignition off?
Analyzing the Feedback Query
You are right, the +12V needs to come from the ignition feed, meaning only when the ignition is switched ON, the DRL and the associated circuitry should be triggered ON for the required operations.So the modification will be simple, instead of connecting the +12V to the battery we can integrate it with the ignition 12V feed.
The above smart DRL circuits could be also used for high watt DRL applications, an example 50 watt modification is illustrated below:
The 12V, 20 watt series lamp could be hidden somewhere under the bonnet, it's included for dipping the DRL illumination to approximately 50% less.
Upgrading DRL to a Solid State Version
The above designs can be upgraded to solid state versions by completely eliminating the relay, and repalcing it with an inexpensive BJT stage as shown below, the idea was requested by Mr. Dhar Vader
Parts List for the above Solid State Automatic DRL circuit:
- R1, R2, R3 = 1K, 1watt.
- R4, R5 = 10k, 1/4 watt
- T1, T2 = TIP122
- T3 = BC547,
- C1 = 470uF/25V
- D1, D2 = 1N5408
3) Multi-Feature DRL Circuit
The 3rd idea below discusses a multipurpose high power DRL circuit which can be used as park lights, head lights and also to specially respond to turn signal lights in order to light up the kerbs while passing through unpredictable blind turns or corners and subways.
The idea was requested by Mr. Ian Auxley.
Circuit Objectives and Requirements
- I have just found your web site and I am very impressed with your wonderful knowledge and friendliness.
- I am very interested in Automotive projects. I have designed and built a circuit using old tech stuff like auto relays, diodes, and resistors etc, all soldered together in a wooden box.
- This circuit works perfectly. It is used to turn on fog lights as day time running Lights and is also used to turn each one independently when either turn indicator is flashing on, the light uses capacitors to hold the relays on and not flash, it draws power from the indicators I this mode.
- In drl mode it draws power from the battery, there are 2 micro switches on the indicator stalk, one is a momentary to flash the drls and the other is to turn the drls on or off at night when the headlights are on.
- Some upscale cars use them when turning right or left to light up the kerbs and driveways when the indicators are used. I would like to make this into a solid state circuit that is smaller and easier to fit.
- I would like to have a circuit drawn up as a hobby project so anybody could use it.
- The lights I used in the older car I had were just dichroic 12v 60w household down lights with 60deg angle, I would love to use high powered LED lights instead.
- I could send you a hand drawn copy of the circuit if you are interested as used but not sure of values for diodes and resistors.
- I have other project ideas as well if you are interested.
- Could you help with the design.
Designing a Multipurpose Power DRL Circuit for your Car
Referring to the request above, the idea could be summarized in the following manner:
1) two powerful LED lights to be used on the left/right sides of the car, which can be used as DRLs, park lights as well as head lights.
2) These lights needs to be controlled through separate switches as fog light, park light, and DRL lights.
3) The DRL light circuit should include the feature which ensures that when a side indicator is ON (flashing), the opposite DRL LED should be switched ON, but the DRL on the flashing indicator side should be switched OFF, however once the turn light is OFF the DRLs must return to their normal condition. The above feature needs to be implemented regardless of whether the DRLs are originally switched ON or not.
4) The unit needs to be solid-state in nature, and should avoid mechanical operators such as relays.
The image above shows the intended solid state version of a high power DRL circuit with the recommended features, the details may be understood with the help of the following points:
1) two exactly identical stages can be seen on the left and the right sides, which form the respective DRL stages, along with a couple of delay timer stages for the specified switching actions through the turn signal feeds.
2) the 2N2907 and the associated TIP127 transistors form a simple current controlled LED driver stage for controlling the high power LED DRLs safely.
3) The other TIP127 transistor along with the BC547 forms a delay OFF timer stage intended for converting the flashing feed from the turn signal lights into a relatively constant DC.
4) The TIP127 delay OFF timers on L/R sections are configured in a such manner that it switches OFF it switches ON the opposite DRL while keeping its relevant side DRL ON.....
For example suppose while the left side indicator is active, the right DRL is forced to switch ON regardless of whether it's originally switched ON or not, and at the same time it forces the DRL at its own side to switch OFF regardless whether it's originally switched ON or not.
Exactly similar conditions are implemented for the right side indicator switching also.
The switches shown at the extreme sides allow the user to switch the DRLs ON or OFF together or individually at will.
The two LEDs confirm the powering of the DRLs and vice versa.