Aug 28, 2016

Free Energy from Induction Cooktop

The idea of acquiring free energy from induction cookwares using an external bifilar coil was suggested by one of the keen enthusiasts and a regular visitor of this blog. Let's learn more regarding the details of this interesting free energy device, as explained by the author himself.

Generating Free Kilowatts from an Induction Cooktop

 

It was Tesla who first discovered the idea of extracting free energy from magnetism a 100 years ago.

Today you can implement the same concept using a induction heater cooktop in the following way:

You will just need to buy and enhance the induction coil of an induction heater by using a handmade DIY bifilar coil.




For this you may have to procure an 1800W induction cooktop (for around $55), next, you will need to build a bifilar coil that should be approximately the same size of the induction coil inside cooktop.

The next step would be to configure the bifilar coil in the form of a power source, and connect its end terminals with a power connector module.

After this,  plug in or attach the appliance or the load as per your own preference, for optimal response make sure the load is a resistive type appliance for ensuring best efficiency, for example you could try using an incandescent light bulbs, water heaters, soldering iron etc.

In my prototype I found that at around a load of 4kW the lamp started showing signs of fluctuations and dimmed a little so I inferred that it may not be suitable to increase the load above this value, so don't go over that for each induction device.
 

Now it's Time to See the Results and Amaze Yourself:

Once the above set up is installed, you are just about ready to watch the power of free magnetic energy at an awesome level.

For this to happen you simply go ahead and plug in the cooktop into your home AC live power socket .....and position your DIY bifilar coil right on top of the induction cooktop and WHAT...you will be surprised to see a massive 4 kWH of power being delivered for an input of just 1.8kW from your home AC.

 In few of the modern cooktops you may find a feature where the cooktop does not start until a ferromagnetic vessel is introduced over it....so you may have to do this extra bit just to make sure your induction cooktop starts normally.

In my prototype I noticed that powering at a maximum 4kW load, my homemade bifilar coil on top of the cookware reached a maximum temperature around 46.3°C.

The system should work for 110-120V single phase inputs at above price. You can try it with 208-240V 1P inputs, or 240-600V 3Phase input also, however this might mean that the cost of the stovetop increasing proportionately. Nevertheless this might probably allow you to power your entire house with a 240V, 3500W induction heater cooktop with absolutely no utility bills troubling your bank account.

Try this and let us know how it works for you!!

video

The original video can be seen on Youtube in the following link:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hI07DLlG3Qg
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Aug 27, 2016

Making a Thermoelectric Generator Circuit (TEG)

A thermoelectric generator (TEG) is a kind of "free energy device" which has the property of converting temperature into electricity. In this post we learn a little about this concept and find out how we can use it to generate electricity from heat and cold.

In one of my earlier articles I have already explained a similar concept regarding how to make a small refrigerator using a Peltier device

A Peltier device is also basically a TEG designed for generating electricity from a difference of temperature.

A thermoelectric device is quite similar to a thermocouple, the only difference being in the composition of the two counterparts. In a TEG two different semiconductor materials (p-n) are used for the effect whereas a thermocouple works with two dissimilar metals for the same, although a thermocouple might require a substantially larger difference of temperature compared to the smaller TEG version.

Also popularly known as the "Seebeck" effect, it enables a TEG device to initialize the generation of electricity when subjected to a difference of temperature across its flip sides.

This happens due to the specially configured internal structure of the device which utilizes a couple of doped p and n semiconductors for the process.

According to the Seebeck principle when the two semiconductor materials are subjected to two extreme temperature levels, initiates an electron movement across the p-n junction resulting in the development of a potential difference across the outer terminals of the materials.

Although the concept appears to be amazing, all good things come with an inherent drawback and in this effect too their is one which makes it relatively inefficient.

The need of extreme difference in temperatures across its two sides becomes the most difficult part of the system, because heating up one of the sides also implies that the other side would also heat up which would eventually result in zero electricity and a damaged TEG device.

In order to ensure an optimal response and for initiating the flow of electrons, one semiconductor material inside the TEG needs to be hot and simultaneously the other semiconductor needs to be kept aloof from this heat by ensuring a proper cooling from the counter side. This criticality makes the concept a little clumsy and inefficient.

Nevertheless, the TEG concept is something which is exclusive and not feasible using any other system so far, and this uniqueness of this concept makes it much interesting and worth experimenting with.

I have tried to design a TEG circuit using ordinary diodes, although I am unsure whether it will work or not, I am hoping some positive results could be achieved from this set up and it has a scope for improvement.








Referring to the figures we can witness a simple diode assembly clamped with heasinks. The diodes are 6A4 type diodes, I have selected these bigger diodes in order to acquire larger surface area and better conduction rate.



Diode 6A4

The simple thermoelectric generator circuit set up shown above could be possibly used for generating electricity from waste heat, by suitably applying the required degrees of heat difference across the indicated heat conducting plates.

The right side figure shows many diodes connected in series parallel connections for achieving higher efficiency and proportionately higher accumulation of potential difference at the output.

Why Use a Diode for Making a TEG





I have assumed that diodes would work for this application since diodes are the fundamental semiconductors units consisting of a doped p-n material embedded within their two terminating leads.

This also implies that the two ends are specifically composed of the diverse materials facilitating easier application of temperature separately from the two opposite ends.

 Many such modules could be built and connected in series parallel combinations for achieving higher conversion rates, and this application could be implemented using solar heat also.

The side which needs to be cooled could be achieved through air cooling or through an enhanced evaporative air cooling from atmosphere for increasing the efficiency rate.
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Aug 25, 2016

Deep Soil Metal Detector Circuit - Ground Scanner

The post discusses a simple deep under soil metal detector circuit for evaluating hidden metals such as gold, iron, tin, brass etc by detecting change in the resistance of the relevant soil layers.

Bigger physical objects which might be buried within the topsoil could be unveiled through a modification in the electrical resistance of the soil layer at various depths. The design is about a device which may be for implementing relative enhancements on the resistance of the soil. This particular application can be particularly handy in archaeological excavations.


Deep Soil Metal Detector Circuit - Ground Scanner


The proposed deep soil metal detector instrument includes the measuring bridge (figure 1), the alternating voltage generator (fig 2) and the a couple of probes, sunken inside the soil.





The resistances across the soil layers, between the electrodes of probes are coupled to the input of the bridge arms, for measuring the parameters.

Prior to measurement through 100 ohm resistor may be adjusted for bridging the balance so that the dial instrument readings are initially at the minimal.





The design of the probe represented in FIG.3 may e understood as follows:

Each of the probes signifies the insulated rods having a diameter of around 1.5 mm. on the surface area of the bar along its axle, these are fixed electrodes in the form of six thin-walled tube, separated from each other.

Each electrode probe with the aid of six cable connection is attached to the switch S1 measuring bridge, that in turn hooks up with one of the six pairs of electrodes together with the bridge.

In this instance, each pair of electrodes at each of the positions of the switch S1 corresponds to the precise depth of the soil layer.



Soon after placing the probe on earth, in accordance with FIG. 4, the electrical resistance of the subsequent layers of soil located different depth is detected.

Evaluating the values acquired from the resistance, you are able to draw a conclusion at what depth (which soil layer) are objects that might be changing the resistance of the soil.

The space between the probes are pretty much decided on in each specific scenario. Occasionally, great outcomes could be obtained with distance that me approximately close to 2.4 m.

The variable resistor of the bridge is 500 ohms as shown in the deep soil metal detector circuit diagram, is for controlling the sensitivity of the bridge depending on soil type being investigated.

Courtesy: The Radio-Constructor, 1966, 8
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Aug 24, 2016

IR Remote Control Circuit Using Arduino

In this post we are going to construct a customizable IR (infrared) based wireless remote control switch, which consists of IR remote and a receiver, you may modify according to your needs.

By: Girish Radhakrishnan

If you are above beginner level you can accomplish it with ease. The proposed circuit illustrated here just has three controls on remote and 3 relays on receiver end. You may modify the code and circuit diagram to fulfill your needs.

You’ll need two Arduino boards, which act as remote and another act as receiver. I would recommend Arduino pro mini for this project, since the sizes of them are pretty small and the overall size of the remote could be shirked.

You may use 3.3V based Arduino pro mini for remote so, that you can be powered with two button cell or two AA size batteries, according to your needs.

The IR transmitter circuit has 3 push to on buttons and an IR LED for sending commands to receiver. Each button has programmed with unique hexadecimal code, the same hexadecimal code is programmed on receiver side too.

When a button is depressed the IR LED sends out the hexadecimal code to receiver, the receiver will recognize which of the button is pressed and it switches the corresponding relay ON/OFF.

The proposed remote uses RC5 protocol for communicating with receiver; you may change everything by modifying the code.

If you are just beginner in Arduino, you can still accomplish it just follow the diagram and upload the code without modifying.


The circuit and program:

Arduino Remote Transmitter:






   

The above circuit illustrates how to build the Arduino IR remote transmitter.

The three 10K resistors are pull down resistors, which prevent accidental triggering of the remote due to static charge and a 220ohm current limiting resistor is employed for IR LED.


Program for Remote Transmitter:

//---------Program developed by R.Girish--------//

#include <IRremote.h>
IRsend irsend;
const int button1 = 4;
const int button2 = 5;
const int button3 = 6;
void setup() {
  pinMode(button1, INPUT);
  pinMode(button2, INPUT);
  pinMode(button3, INPUT);
}
void loop()
{
  if (digitalRead(button1) == HIGH)
  {
  delay(50);
  irsend.sendRC5(0x80C, 32);
  delay(200);
  }
  if (digitalRead(button2) == HIGH)
  {
  delay(50);
  irsend.sendRC5(0x821, 32);
  delay(200);
  }
  if (digitalRead(button3) == HIGH)
  {
  delay(50);
  irsend.sendRC5(0x820, 32);
  delay(200);
  }
 }
 //---------Program developed by R.Girish--------//

Arduino Receiver:







The IR Arduino receiver  circuit as shown above consists of TSOP1738 sensor few transistors, current limiting resistors for transistor, relays and diodes for absorbing high voltage spike from relay coils.

The circuit diagram is self explanatory.

Program for Arduino receiver:


//-----------------Program developed by R.Girish-----------//
#include<IRremote.h>
int input = 11;
int op1 = 8;
int op2 = 9;
int op3 = 10;
int intitial1;
int intitial2;
int intitial3;
IRrecv irrecv(input);
decode_results dec;
#define output1  0x80C    // code received from button A
#define output2  0x821   // code received from button B
#define output3  0x820  // code received from button C
void setup()
{
  irrecv.enableIRIn(); 
  pinMode(op1,1);
  pinMode(op2,1);
  pinMode(op3,1);
}
void loop() {
  if (irrecv.decode(&dec)) {
    unsigned int value = dec.value;
    switch(value) {
       case output1:
         if(intitial1 == 1) {       
            digitalWrite(op1, LOW);
            intitial1 = 0;          
         } else {                     
             digitalWrite(op1, HIGH);
             intitial1 = 1;         
         }
          break;
       case output2:
         if(intitial2 == 1) {
            digitalWrite(op2, LOW);
            intitial2 = 0;
         } else {
             digitalWrite(op2, HIGH);
             intitial2 = 1;
         }
          break;
       case output3:
         if(intitial3 == 1) {
            digitalWrite(op3, LOW);
            intitial3 = 0;
         } else {
             digitalWrite(op3, HIGH);
             intitial3 = 1;
         }
          break;         
    }
    irrecv.resume();
 }
}
//--------------Program developed by R.Girish-----------//

By following the above explanations you can accomplish three controls, if you want to add more controls and relay, you need to edit the code and circuit diagram.


You can assign output and input for unused pins in the receiver and remote in the program and connect number of transistor and relay for the respective pins in receiver and similarly connect number of switches and pull down resistor in remote.

You can use random hexadecimal code for assigning more number of buttons.

For example: 0xA235, 0xFFFF, 0xBA556 and so on. And also add the same hexadecimal value in receiver code too. For example: #define output4 0xA235, #define outout5 0xFFFF and so on.   
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Aug 23, 2016

Natural Mosquito Repellent Circuit Using High Watt Resistor

As the name suggests, to build this simple natural mosquito repellent circuit you will just require a high watt resistor, a few drops of lemon eucalyptus oil and  mains supply input.

You might be already familiar with these popular ready made mosquito repellent units which come in the form of coils, liquids, mats etc, and most of us already use these products for keeping mosquitoes at bay.

Although these methods are effective and help our homes to get rid of dangerous mosquito transmitted diseases like dengue, malaria, hay fever, etc, the chemicals ( mainly DEET) used in these repellents in turn have the potentials to cause many unknown body ailments, which could include lung diseases, severe headache such as migraine etc.
Therefore using these ready made chemical based repellents may not be after all safe either.

An alternative and much safer way of driving away mosquitoes could be by using naturally available options, one of which is available by the name Lemon Eucalyptus Oil.

Lemon eucalyptus oil is extracted from the tree lemon eucalyptus and can be easily procured from any nearby chemist shop or may be ordered online.

Normally this oil is required to be applied on the exposed areas of the body in order to protect from mosquito bites, however it may be much cleaner and safe if its fragrance could be dispensed through in the air instead of applying on body. This could be probably done using a homemade fragrance dispenser circuit

To build the above suggested homemade mosquito liquid dispenser circuit, you would just need a high watt resistor, and a mains input supply.

The set up can be seen in the following diagram:



In the shown set up we can see a high watt resistor and an aluminum dish glues over the resistor.

The resistor leads are terminated into a mains 220V or 120V socket.

The aluminum dish is used for placing a piece of cotton wad drenched with lemon eucalyptus oil.

That's all, once this set up is built and plugged in, the high watt resistor could be seen heating up and enabling the aluminum dish to also heat up, causing the heat to evaporate the oil and its fragrance in the air.

This special fragrance which may not be harmful to humans but irritating for the mosquitoes would ultimately help to drive away the creatures away from our homes, naturally and without any health risks.

WARNING: THE SHOWN SET UP IS DEMONSTRATED IN AN UNCOVERED SITUATION AND THEREFORE IS EXTREMELY DANGEROUS TO TOUCH.

PRACTICALLY, IT MUST BE ENCLOSED INSIDE AN APPROPRIATE ELECTRICITY/HEAT PROOF CASE IN ORDER TO ENSURE SAFETY FROM LETHAL MAINS CURRENT.
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Swagatam Majumdar
Swagatam MajumdarHi Friends, Welcome to my site, a place where you will discover a massive collection of electronic circuit ideas, mostly requested by the dedicated readers and exclusively designed by me for their customized application needs. I have posted more than 1100 circuit designs in this site, if you have a personalized circuit requirement you may feel free to request it through the comment box, if it seems feasible to me then surely you may find it published here with your credentials attached in the post, thanks and please keep reading



 
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