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FM Remote Control Circuit Using a FM Radio

Remote control circuits are not so easy to build as they incorporate critical inductor stages and also, the components are difficult to procure.

However a simple homemade FM remote control can be made by modding your existing FM radio as the receiver part. The transmitter can be simply made by assembling a few electronic components. The two sections together can be used for controlling any electrical load remotely from any part of the house.

Making the FM Transmitter for the Remote Control Unit:

Remote Control Circuit Using a FM Radio

The figure shows a very simple FM configuration using one transistor and few other passive components. Here the inductor becomes the most crucial part and must be made carefully as per the given instructions.

T1 along with the pF capacitors and the inductor forms the RF stage and is responsible for the generation and transmission of the RF carrier waves.

The section consisting of the IC UM66 and the electrolytic capacitor forms the modulating stage and injects the required modulation signals to the RF stage.

This helps to make the transmitted waves much stronger and travel up to longer distances.

Once the assembly of the transmitter circuit is done, its working should be confirmed by switching ON the transmitter and by verifying the received signals over the FM  radio. 

The reception should consists the music from the UM66 IC and should be received by the radio, loud and clear even from a distance of over 30 meters.

After finishing the construction of the transmitter, you need to assemble the Flip Flop circuit by soldering the electronic components as per the shown diagram. This stage will be later on required to be integrated with the modified FM radio.

simplest FM remote control circuit using an FM radio

How to Modify a FM Radio as a Remote Control Receiver for Controlling Electrical Gadgets

For this project you will need an ordinary FM radio for making the receiver/controller unit. 

After procuring a FM radio, you will need to do the following modifications in it.

Open the back cover of the FM radio to uncover the circuit of the unit. Now carefully, integrate the flip flop circuit to the speaker terminals of the radio. The connections won’t be difficult as everything’s shown in the diagram very clearly.

The idea here is to use the reception audio from the radio speaker terminals and use it to activate our flip flop circuit and the relay.

Switch ON the FM radio and tune to some vacant area where there’s no station available, and only the background “hissing” noise is audible.

Adjust the volume control of the radio toward the maximum and you will find the LED light up, refine the adjustment until the LED just switches OFF.

Now tune the radio to some station, without disturbing the volume control. Now you will find the LED flickering in response to the audio outputs.

You will also see the flip flop responding appropriately and the relay switching randomly to the LED illuminations.

 Your setting of the radio or the modifications of the radio is complete.

Now switch ON the transmitter and once again tune the radio to the spot where it receives the transmitter music loud and clear.

That’s it, the setting of your home made remote control is complete.

Now as many time you click the transmitter switch, it will be received by the radio and the flip flop relay activated alternately.

The relay contacts may be wired to any appliance and may be controlled easily by your transmitter through mere clicks of its switch.

However the speaker of the radio will also make lot of noise and therefore to eliminate this you may just tear of the cone of the speaker so that it keeps silent, activating only the flip flop.

Have any doubts? Comment…….

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    1. Hello,

      I can now see there is are modifications in your transmitter circuit as follows:

      a. R1 is removed which was there with the COB
      b. C5 is now 1 Mfd 10 V instead of 100 Nf Ceramic. However,you did not show the polarity of C5 here
      c. Most importantly, the L1 is now 21SWG wire with 5 turns on 6mm dia air core instead of 22SWG wire which you had suggested earlier in the BrightHub

      Since I have managed to get two strips of 22 SWG and 24 SWG wire (as per your earlier circuit idea), can you please suggest some modifications using either of those (and C5 if necessary)?

      It will be great if you also mention the distance between the adjacent coils which has to be set or match the frequency of the RF signal between 90-100MHz.

      Finally, for the benefit & convenience of the readers can you please suggest something standard & easily available (ex: may be the refill of a ball point pen etc) to be used to make the L1 with (1) 5mm dia and (2) 6mm dia?

      Waiting anxiously for your response,


    2. Hi Raj,
      In electronics there's never a hard and fast rule, as I told you earlier, I made the above transmitter circuit using different sets of components each time, slightly though. The resistor with the COB can be included for better safety, however since the voltage is 3 and there's no chance of it to increase I decided to eliminate R1.
      I used the coil wire from my junk box and it was withing 20 to 23 SWG, I guess, however the coil thickness is not highly critical, any nearby gauge can be used and can be simply tuned just by pulling or squeezing the turns a bit when the testing is being done.
      In the diagram I have specified the approximate thickness of the coil wire as 0.8mm.
      Alternatively you may replace C1 with a 33pF trimmer, that can make the adjustments easier for you while tuning.
      C5 is also not critical, any value from 1 to 100uF can be used, even a 0.1uF will produce results, but the tank circuit tuning is more important and once its done everything will follow as expected.

      With some practice you should be able to do it.


    3. Hi Swagatam,

      Thanks for your speedy response. However, I am sorry to bother you again since you missed one of my earlier questions:

      "Finally, for the benefit & convenience of the readers can you please suggest something standard & easily available (ex: may be the refill of a ball point pen etc) to be used to make the L1 with (1) 5mm dia and (2) 6mm dia?"

      Now, if I use a 33pF trimmer, will it not shift the frequency of the tank circuit when I hold the transmitter due to the introduction of capacitance of our body?

      Do you test thse circuits at your end straight on a vero board or on a bread board? Because I am using a breadboard and mounted all components as close to each other as possible to prevent any signal loss.


    4. Hi Raj,

      You can refer a 22 SWG solder wire thickness, I think it's the best example.
      I always use veroboard for making my projects and for making this transmitter I had used a 1.5 by 1.5 inches, piece of general purpose PCB.

      I think using a trimmer would make things more complicated for you, the best way to tune the circuit is by manually stretching the coil turns a bit while the FM radio is switched ON at some blank station.
      The stretching of the coil can be done by gently inserting your finger nail in between the turns and pulling them slightly apart, this procedure should induce some instantaneous activity in the radio.
      Through some trial and error you will be able to finally tune them.


    5. Hi,

      Can you please suggest a simple circuit (LED based) with a handful of easily available components which when brought near the L1 of the FM transmitter will start blinking to show that there is an oscillation of around 100 MHz? You may refer to: and watch the video especially at 1 min 30 sec duration where the author is using a "RF Signal Pen Detector" to show that the Tank circuit is really producing oscillations.

      This is important here because it would help us to understand whether or not there is an osciallation in the tank circuit of the suggested FM transmitter.


    6. Hi Raj,

      Just type "Non contact AC phase detector" in the top right hand side search box, you will get the required circuit link.
      The circuit will detect the presence of all types of RF signals when its antenna is brought near the source. However the LED will not blink but glow continuously.

    7. Amazing.... You always know what i need. I'm looking for this tutorial entire the world. No satisfy, until i find this!!! Thanks a lot for your sharing. You are the best! Realy...

    8. Thanks Wilein,

      Your happiness makes me feel happy...:-)

    9. hello sir swagatam ,,, can u tell me d formulla to how to become a perfect electronics engineer ,,, and i m performing eng in ece

      1. Hello Lucky,

        There'e no such formula, just concentrate and work hard in the will succeed.

    10. Thank you... It's very useful to learners....

    11. you are great and genius dear, your projects are very good and useful for students and others also, keep it up

      1. Sir you are really a genius.. Can u please suggest me some more big projects as Iam a third year student, I have to make a major project ,not mini.

      2. Thanks very much.

        Probably you can suggest me a suitable range, I would then refer you to those diagrams.

    12. Hi swagatan, where i put the 12v negative supply from the radio/baterry? in the receiver circuit?

      1. On the rail which is connected to pin8 and pin13 of IC 4017

    13. Hi swagatan 1 more time, my receiver is not working well,when i connect the input in the speakers i ear a buzzing's and the 100Ω resistor heats to much, could
      help me figure out the problem?

      1. Hi Faife,

        Did you adjust the volume control as per the given instructions in the above article? please read the article carefully.

        Adjust the volume control such that the LED stays shut off and lights up only when the transmitter signal is received.

    14. hi mr. swagatan , I had put a diode
      rectifier in place of the LED, but I
      put the LED, what happens is that
      even lowering the volume of the radio
      LED stay on(doesnt turn off) and when i test
      with a channel fm the relay
      dont turn on

      1. If your speaker loudness is decreasing then it should also make the LED brightness lower proportionately, that should obviously happen.

        Anyway connect a 100uF capacitor in series with 100 ohm resistor and then check by doing the procedures.

        positive of the cap will go to 100 ohm and negative to speaker terminal.

        By the way did you connect the circuit ground with the radio ground??

      2. of the speaker terminals should be at ground level with the circuit and the radio.

    15. Pls give details of L1 coil in the first circuit

    16. it's shown in the diagram, click the diagram to enlarge.

    17. Hi swagatam, thanks for helping us with your circuit diagram, please i want you to help me with 5000 watt inverter circuit diagram using ferrite core transformer, which can power, air conditioner, electric iron, refrigerator etc.hope to hear from you soon, please uyo can send it to my email, Thanks.

      1. Hi Imo,
        you may please refer to the following link:

    18. Hi Swagatam,

      I love this remote control circuit. I do have a couple questions.

      1.) You show the receiver on 12v. Can it run on 5v?
      2.) Can the sound on the receiver be recorded without interfering with the switching?


      1. Hi Ralph,

        yes 5v can be used if the relay is also selected at 5V

        signal for recording can be picked across the speaker terminals, it will not interfere with the remote control functioning.

    19. Fantastic!

      I won't be using a relay. I plan to use an optocoupler to change polarity on a com port pin.

      Thank you

    20. Sir wat is the number of turn of L1
      Thanks and regards

    21. I constructed the whole circuit but it's not working.. How do I detect what mistake is there? The relay switches on only when I short the two legs of the transistor. The fm board terminals gives negligible output through its terminals n led does not glow continuously. Please help me.

      1. did you remove the speaker? do not remove it because it's coil's inductance will be required for amplifying the signal for the 4017 circuit.

        if you don't want the speaker to be there you can connect any small inductor in its place

        the LED must illuminate at maximum volume indicated by loud hissing on the speaker, next you must set it to a level as explained in the article.

        if the LED is not illuminating then the transistor will not conduct

    22. Hello a
      Swagatam. I succeeded in making the transmitter and confess the reception is really clear , sharp and very audible and reception range is up to 50 meters while still maintaining the fidelity .

      I am currently making the flipflop circuit and will let u guys know about my success

      1. That's lovely Christian, wish you all the best...keep it going

    23. i would like to give a try to this project & for that i expect ur support if i struck somewhere

    24. Hi Swagatam

      What I understand from the above set-up:

      a) When the push switch is pressed in the transmitter section, it will transmit the melody played by UM66.
      b) The receiver will receive the signal and the coupled flip-flop circuit will convert the melody to a single pulse and latch the relay to an ON state.

      My questions:
      1) Why do we require to damage the cone of the speaker; why not simply remove it?
      2) How does the flip-flop section gets reset in relation to the releasing of the push-switch in transmitter circuit?
      3) Couldn't a transistor-based latch circuit be used in place of CD4017?
      4) If I use more than one set-ups sharing a common power supply for the transmitters and then another common supply for the receivers, will they work? Of course, all of them would be tuned on different frequencies.

      1. Hi Abu-Hafss, Your a) and b) assumptions are correct.

        the answers for the remaining questions are as follows:

        1) By tearing the cone I only meant to indicate disabling of the cone vibration, you can do it anyway you feel, damaging the speaker is not necessary.

        2) The 4017 will toggle its output sequence only when the 10uF cap is completely discharged and pin#14 receives a 0 voltage....and this can happen only once the transmitter button is released for some brief period of time.

        3) a transistor latch will not toggle alternately unless it's also a flip flop circuit.

        4) the set-up should work according to me without issues if the the relevant pairs are tuned to different stations.

      2. By transistor latch, I actually meant a transistor based flip-flop circuit. How would you couple it with the speaker wires?

      3. I have not yet seen any reliable transistor based flip flop circuit which will trigger from a single ON/OFF source, therefore I won't recommend them, by the way which circuit are you referring to?

      4. I have managed the triggering of the flip-flop.
        Can you please recommend me some suitable FM receiver which:
        a) have minimum components
        b) could receive transmitter signal within 2 meter radius with shortest possible antenna
        c) could be coupled with flip-flop circuit

      5. for just 2 meter range I think you should try the concept explained in the following article, both Tx, and Rx designs are explained

      6. Do you think the receiver would work without the base metal plate for 2meters?

      7. the plate is for prototypes built by wire connections, in a PCB the plate can be avoided if it's designed with un-etched grounded tracks surrounding the interconnecting thin tracks.


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