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Intruder Position Indicator Security Circuit

Intruder Position Indicator Security Circuit

The post explains an LED based intruder position indicator circuit which will indicate the position of the burglar throughout the secured corridor as the person tries to sneak past the area.The idea was requested by Mr. Michael.

Circuit Objectives and Requirements

  1. Your articles are nice, well done. sir can this, close and open door security circuit be mounted on an iron door?
  2. Sir can you help me with a security circuit that will have five to ten(5-10)light emitting diode indicating the position of an intruder in a house.
  3. The circuit will work in such a way that when the intruder is at your gate,the LED will light up and when he or she enters your compound,the second one will light on.

The Design

The requested idea can be actually implemented through a few very basic circuits as described below:

Using an LED/LDR laser beam interruption method.

Using an proximity sensor circuit

Using piezo electric device sensor

Using a PIR based circuit.

Here we will pick the most simple one out of the four options, and utilize the piezo sensor concept for implementing the position intruder indicator circuit and detecting an intruder who may crossing the prohibited section of the premise.

As shown in the figure below, the proposed intruder position indicator security circuit can be built by positioning many such modules across all those areas which need to be monitored.


Trespasser Intruder Position Indicator Security Circuit


How it Works

The circuit basically consists of a monostable multibrator circuit using the IC 555, which is activated when T1 is activated through the attached piezo buzzer element.

We have already learned from one of our previous post regarding how a piezo could be used for generating electricity, here the same concept is enforced for triggering the transistor in response to a physical strike or vibration on the piezo.

For implementing the intruder position indication, one such unit could be positioned across each of  the selected strategic locations, with the piezo element hidden inside a carpet or a door mat.

Whenever an intruder attempts to cross the secured zone, the person steps on the carpet or the door mat where the piezo is installed, and in the process triggers the circuit into action, illuminating the LED.

The circuit module could be installed somewhere near to the piezo, and the LED terminated and fitted at the location where the LED indication is required to be visualized.

The values of R3, R4, and C2 determine for how long the LED remains switched ON and then switched OFF once the piezo is triggered, and these could be appropriately adjusted for acquiring any desired length of illumination period.

Parts list

R1, R4, R5 = 100K
R2, R6 = 1K
R3 = 1M pot
C1 at T1 base  = 1uF polar or nonpolar
C1 at T1 collector = 4.7uF/25V
C2 = 100uF/25V
C3 = 10nF


About the Author

I am an electronic engineer (dipIETE ), hobbyist, inventor, schematic/PCB designer, manufacturer. I am also the founder of the website: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/, where I love sharing my innovative circuit ideas and tutorials. If you have any circuit related query, you may interact through comments, I'll be most happy to help!

14 thoughts on “Intruder Position Indicator Security Circuit”

  1. Hello Swagatam, I have a question about a circuit that I am making. It's is a small analogue camp alarm and has great safety against false alarm etc. I having a problem as I can not make it work. Would you please have a look at the circuit diagram, maybe you'd be able to to help. How can I send you the diagram?

  2. oh I see, so C1 allows that as soon as feet stops stepping on Piezoelectric, the 555 and led will turn off? so it is for 555 not to see ground all the time but a little time and then open circuit?

    • No, C1 makes sure that the IC restricts the pin2 grounding only for a fraction of a second regardless of how many times the piezo is stepped during that instant…

      yes pin#2 always sees positive through the 100K resistor until the time when T1 is conducting

    • Thanks, I have learned alot with your circuits, one last question, is it possible to turn a buzzer just for a second using a capacitor in series, I want a basic pir sensor to turn a transistor and relay on but aditionally I will love that a tiny buzzing sound and done, but I guess the capacitor will affect the circuit then I get complicated to do it

    • Yes it's possible, jut connect a piezo buzzer parallel to the load or the relay coil with a series capacitor (10uF)….and connect a 1M resistor parallel with this capacitor to ensure proper discharging each time the unit is switched OFF.

  3. all catched loud and clear, well as a begginer I do not understand fully why C1 is doing there as I undertood so far, capacitors block dc current and allows ac current with sume impedance, but here the pin 2 has to be high always, and as soon as it gets 0 low or ground the 555 starts timing, and with this mister c1 The capacitor is always gonna see ground as c1 is always gonna block the dc current, so there are lot of confussion only with the capacitor thanks…..

    • The pin#2 C1 will see the ground only when the T1 conducts, but because capacitors stop conducting as soon as they charge up, here too C1 conducts only momentarily until it's full charged via T1.

      in short C1 ensures that regardless of the T1 switch ON time, pin#2 is grounded only for a fraction of a second for initiating its triggering.

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