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RF Remote Control Encoder and Decoder Pinouts Explained

RF Remote Control Encoder and Decoder Pinouts Explained

In this post we discuss the pinout assignments and functions of the popular 433 MHz RF remote control module from HOLTEK.

RF 315/433 MHz Transmitter-receiver Module for Remote Control Application

Making your own universal remote control systems today is very easy.
Such procure the relevant chips, assemble them and here goes, your hi-tech remote control device is working for you.

Here we explain a couple of RF 433MHz remote control chips especially designed for the purpose.

The IC TWS-434 along with its encoder chip HOLTEK’s HT-12E form a high class transmitter circuit, whereas the chip RWS-434 through its complementing decoder IC HT-12D operates as the receiver module.

Both of the above modules are able to exchange 4-bits of discrete data for control four external loads separately.

With the easy availability of accurate remote control chips, making your own universal remote control modules is today just a matter of few hours. We discuss a couple of compact RF remote control transmitter and receiver modules here using the chips: HT-12E, HT-12D, TWS-434, RWS-434

Making a hi-end professional remote control system at home is a child’s play now. With the advent of micro remote control encoder and decoders chips, making a RF remote control is today a matter of a few hours or rather minutes.

Applications of remote controls made from these chips are countless; you may use it for controlling practically any electrical gadget that you can think of, the best application being for car security systems.

A couple of RF remote control chips, the TWS-434 and the RWS-434 both complement each other, the first one being the transmitter and the later one the receiver.

The chip TWS-434 is basically a tiny 4-bit transmitter module, which is able to transmit 4 types of coded signals discretely, whereas the RWS-434 exactly complements these signals by receiving them and generating 4 discrete decoded signals at its outputs.

However both the above primarily functions just as wireless sender and receiver and therefore require external encoders and decoders to be integrated for the said operations.

Understanding the 433MHz RF Transmitter Module Pinouts

A couple of HOLTEK’s encoder and decoder chips HT-12E and HT-12D work in conjunction with TWS-434 and RWS-434 respectively to produce the desired ideal universal remote control operating parameters.

Referring to the diagram alongside, we find a straightforward RF transmitter configuration using the chip TWS-434 and HT-12E.



433MHz RF Transmitter Module Pinout details

The IC TWS-434 has in all 6 pin outs, 1 and 2 are the positive inputs, 3 and 4 are to be grounded, 6 receives the 4-bit encoded signals, pin 5 being the antenna for radiating the received signals.

The pinout details of the RF transmitter as shown in the above diagram may be understood as follows:

The 4-bit encoding is done by the IC HT-12E. The wiring of this IC is also very simple; all its 1 to 9 pin-outs are shorted together to ground and these refer to the address pinouts of the IC.

Pin 16 and 15 are coupled to each other through a 750 K resistor.

Pinouts 10, 11, 12, 13, all receive 4 discrete data simply through the connections of the respective pins to ground via a push button switch.

Pin 14 confirms switching of the transmitter signals when connected to ground via another push button.

Pin 17 is the output and conveys the processed 4-bit ata to the IC TWS-434 for the final relay. Pin 18 is for the positive supply input

Understanding the 433MHz RF Receiver Module Pinouts

433MHz RF Receiver Module Pinout details

The diagram alongside shows a similar configuration to the above, but with exactly the opposite transits.

The pinout specifications for the RF receiver module as shown above may be understood from the following explanation:

Here, the chip RWS-434,s antenna receive the data transmitted by the above transmitter module and sends it to the IC HT-12D for the necessary decoding of the 4-bit data which ultimately is decoded and produced at the respective outputs for driving the connected loads.

Understanding the pin-outs of the IC RSW-434 is pretty simple, pin 1, 6 and 7 are all shorted to ground.

Pin 4, 5 go to the positive supply.

Pin 2 outputs the received data to the decoder IC and pin 8 serves as the antenna.

The decoder chip HT-12D has its entire pin from 1 to 9 fixed to the ground potential.

Pin 15 is connected to 16 through a 33 K resistor as per its specs.

Pin 14 receives the information received by RSW-434 and after decoding the processed data is obtained from the pins 10, 11, 12, 13 respectively, which is further fed to the output driving circuit for activating the connected gadgets.

Both the modules of the above universal remote control work satisfactorily through a regulated 5 volt power supply unit.

If you have any specific questions regarding the pinouts of the above explained 433 MHz RF transmitter and receiver modules please feel free to ask them through your comments.


About the Author

I am an electronic engineer (dipIETE ), hobbyist, inventor, schematic/PCB designer, manufacturer. I am also the founder of the website: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/, where I love sharing my innovative circuit ideas and tutorials. If you have any circuit related query, you may interact through comments, I'll be most happy to help!

26 thoughts on “RF Remote Control Encoder and Decoder Pinouts Explained”

    • hardev, you will have to use two classD amplifiers, one will convert analogue audio to pwm pulses, these pwm pules can be fed to a 433 MHz Tx unit and then received back on a 433MHz Rx then decoded back to audio through another classD amplifier

  1. Hi sir
    I’m interested in your article and try to do this.
    But I don’t know more about electric components and how it can be mentioned to a retailer.
    So please help me.add images too if possible
    Thank you

    • Hi Akhil,

      You just have to write down the numbers which are shown on the IC, and the resistor numbers which are shown beside the resistors. The resistors are rated at 1/4 w 5%.

      additionally there are 5 push button switches, which you can also mention in the list.

  2. swagatam ji here is a problem
    i m using RF 434 with ht 12 e and ht12d
    i m using in home.
    i have a door lock in in home woth help of car centeral lock remote.
    here is problem if RF receiver is on car cennetal lock range getting to low.
    if i switch off transmitter 434
    then centetal lock range goes high.
    please solution for it .

    i m using in address ( no sjort with -ve to pin 12345678.

    plz tell me if i change the adress with dip switch frequency change or data address change ?
    thanx n happy holi.

    • prashant ji, yes matching the transmitter module's address connections with the receiver module's address connections will make them compatible with each other…..so you can try this through a SPDT switch.

  3. swagatam ji i m using RF 434 receiver and transmitter.
    i m using 16 inches radio antenna.
    transmitter voltage 6 v
    and receiver voltage 5 v DC.
    range is 60 feets in home condition.

    if i increase transmitter volt 9-12 volt
    range not increase.
    i need 500 feet range.
    how can i got it.

    • Prashant ji, you can try increasing the antenna length a little more by using any ordinary flexible wire, may be around a 2 meter length, that's the only thing you can try….there's no other option to enhance the range….since it's rated with a range not more than 50 to 70 meters.

      increasing voltage will not help

  4. Hi swagatam, nice tutorial on RF encoders and decoders.BTW, How HT12E/D can successfully communicate using 433 mhz rf modules did you know how they works? with PIC micro controller its very hard , maybe the working principle of these encoders or decoders is secret…

    • Thanks Mrunal, the internal circuitry could be extremely complex and intricate, so yes replicating these modules using PIC won't be easy, at least at our level.

  5. Hi Sir.
    I am boy who has very keen interest in Electronics and Circuit making. Seeing this project of yours, I wish to try this out. But I had also seen another post in which the circuits contains few additional and different connections, while the basic components remains the same as of this circuit. So wanted to know whether you had tested out this circuits and checked the proper functioning of this circuit, assuring 100% working.
    This is the link to the other circuit—>>>

    Please Reply Soon
    Anxiously waiting to try out this project 🙂
    Thanks A Lot for sharing your hard works with all of Us 🙂

    • Hi Jibin, the circuit has been tested by a few of the readers from this blog and they could successfully implement the results, these circuits have become very common and reliable nowadays and it's not at all difficult to work with these chips…

  6. hy…according to your circuit in the receiver side,data pins (10-13) are having high voltage initially and get connects to ground wen push button is pressed..but my data pins are having low voltage(0.43V)initially..is there anything with the push button connection??

    • hi, I can't see where I mentioned this??

      anyway, if the pins are low initially and become high on pressing the Tx buttons then it's fine too…you can configure the output stage accordingly.

  7. Dear sir..may I know which software did you use to make schematic circuit? I always use proteus..but some components are not available in that software..and I want to run a circuit simulation..please help me again..thank you and waiting for your reply soon..:)

  8. Hi, I'm making a similar circuit but I have a little problem I bought two pairs of the rf circuits, I mean 2 transmitter and 2 receiver in order to have 8 devices to controlled, but when I did the first circuits (receiver and transmitter) they worked properly, but when I did another pair of circuits (receiver and transmitter), the first circuits stop working, actually they work if I don't connect the second circuits and the second circuits work if I don't connect the first circuits, what could I do?, both circuits have a different address

    • Hi, It's difficult to figure out, they might be operating with the same frequencies but in that case all should have worked randomly irrespective of whether remote#1 or remote#2 is being used, but in your case one is blocking the other, I have played with many such circuits but haven't faced this problem yet, so really can't troubleshoot the issue.

  9. Will it be secure what if another person would build the same circuit will that person be able to control the output What can i do to make more personalize like the remote for the car alarm. Can i used a dual tone multiple frequency encoder decoder with the transmitter

    • The possibility can be eliminated by configuring the address pins uniquely for the particular Rx/Tx sets.
      Suppose you disconnect all the address pins A1 to A10 of the Rx module and select A1 and A2 only for the ground connections, and you do the same with the Tx module….this will make the two unit compatible and paired with each other uniquely and will not respond to other modules in the vicinity which could have a different address pin configuration.

      In this way you can select different sets of address pins and group them with each other or with ground (identically for both the modules) for creating unique pairs.

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