The post explains a simple yet useful 10 step selector switch circuit which can be operated using a singe push-to-ON switch. In the following design the circuit is used as a 3 step, single push motor speed controller unit. The circuit was requested by Mr.Edalcor.
hi sir good day to to you, can you please design me a circuit with only one switch (a push button) to control the speed of my dc motor 1st push low, 2nd push medium and 3rd push high the output will go to my 12 volts relay there are 3 relay for low med and high, and the output of my relay will be going to my dc motor with rheostat to control the speed i want to use it for my car air-con. thank you and more power to your blog.
How it Works
The IC 4017 is a johnson decade counter IC with 10 decoded output, designed to produce sequential logic high outputs in response to high/low alternate logic switching at its pin#14.
Here pin#14 of the IC is switched or toggled using a push button switch, which generates the shifting high logic pulses across the output pinouts of the IC starting from pin#3 to pin#11.
However in the shown design since only 3 outputs are used for implementing 3 relay based switches, the IC is resets back to the first pinout as soon as the logic sequence reaches pin#7 of the IC.
If you want to implement a 10 relay operation in that case you can configure the transistor relay driver stages across all the 10 output pins of the IC.
The above concept can be applied as a 3 step LED brightness controller through a single push button, as shown below: