The following post illustrates a simple light toggled/operated remote control circuit, which can be activated by an ordinary flashlight or more effectively through a laser beam unit (key chain type).
The circuit idea may be understood with the below mentioned points:
How the Circuit Functions
Transistor T1 alnog with R3, C6 and the LDR itself forms a simple light sensor stage.
The LDR is connected across the base of the transistor and the positive supply such that when light falls over the LDR, T1 receives the required base bias and conducts.
When T1 conducts, the high potential at pin 14 of IC1 is pulled to logic low. However since a logic low wouldn't effect pin#14, IC1 does not respond as yet.
The moment light on the LDR is switched OFF, T1 is switched OFF and pin#14 now instantly receives a subsequent logic high via R5.....now IC1 responds, and shifts it's output from pin#3 to pin#2.
This makes pin#3 logic low, activating T2, and the preceding relay driver stage.
The above condition persists until the LDR is illuminated again with a flashlight or with a laser beam.
The above operation alternately toggles the output ON and OFF providing the required toggling actions to the connected load.
The LDR must be covered inside an opaque pipe, about an inch long so that the ambient light stays obstructed from the LDR.
The angle of the pipe should be kept in a such a way that it facilitates easy focusing of the light beam toward the LDR.
C6 ensures that the system does not respond to accidental spurious light beams in case it finds its way inside the pipe, and over the LDR.
Parts List for the above light operated remote control circuit
R3,R4,R5,R6,R7 = 2K2
T1 = BC547,
T2 = BC557
IC1 = 4017
IC2 = 7812
ALL DIODES = 1N4007
C6,C7 = 10uF/25V
C8 = 1000uF/25V
C10 = 0.1uF
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