In the following article we discuss 3 useful DC to DC uninterruptible power supply circuits or DC UPS circuits for low DC to DC uninterruptible power applications
The first idea below presents a DC UPS circuit can be used for providing back up power to modems or routers during mains failures, so that the broadband/WiFi connection never gets interrupted. The idea was requested by Mr. Galive.
I need a circuit like,
I have two 12v dc adapter(600mA and 2A).
When input Mains is present, with the 600ma adapter i want to charge the battery(7.5AH) and with the 2A adapter i want to use my wifi router.
when the AC mains fails the battery will backup my wifi router without interruption.like UPS.
MY modem is rated as 12V 2.0A. That is why i want to use two 12v dc adapter.
Two adapters actually are not required for the proposed application. A single adapter, probably the one which is being used for charging the laptop battery may be used for charging the external battery also.
Looking at the given DC modem UPS circuit diagram we can see a simple yet interesting configuration involving a couple of diodes D1, D2, and resistor R1.
Normally a laptop charger is specified with 18V, so for charging a 12V battery this needs to be lowered to 14V. This is easily done using a transistor zener stage.
When mains is present, the voltage at D1 cathode is more positive than D2, which keeps D2 reverse biassed. This allows only D1 to conduct, supplying the voltage from the adapter to the modem.
D2 being switched OFF, the connected battery starts receiving the required charging voltage via R1 and begins getting charged in the process.
In an event AC mains fails, D1 gets switched OFF, and therefore allows D2 to conduct, enabling the battery voltage to instantly reach the modem without causing any interruptions to the network.
R1 must be selected depending upon the charging current rate of the attached battery.
A much better and improved version of the above is shown in the following diagram:
2) 6V to 220V Boost UPS Circuit
The second circuit explains a simple boost converter UPS circuit for supplying an uninterruptible power to satellite TV set top boxes so that the offline recording is never allowed to fail during power outages. The idea was requested by Mr. Aniruddha Mukherji.
I am an enthusiast electronic hobbyist person. Though I know only the basics, I am sure you must be getting 100's of emails daily and I am completely betting on my luck if this one gets to your "eyes"
16 volt 1 amp DC backup for my apartment Tata sky centralized distribution panel.
Issue: My apartment maintenance people do not run backup (generator) during day time, I have a Tata sky DVR which fails to record since there is signal loss due to power failure.
I had thought of a small back up system,I had purchased a small 6 volt 11 watt CFL Ballast circuit thinking as cheap alternate solution, but the same failed to work.
Why I am looking for AC supply instead of DC?I do not want to tamper with their system and get penalized for whatsoever failures which may come to it due to natural course of operation.
Could you please help me with a very simple cost effective circuit that will give me 220 volt 20 watts power from 6 volt 5ah battery. To be precise 220 volts from 6 volt battery, as I have purchased a 6 volt 5 ah battery recently. The output wattage requirement is less than 20 watts, the
adapter ratings are :
Output - 16 volt 1 amp
Input - 240 volt .06 amp
I know you have lot of work, but if you could spare some time and help me with this it would be of great help. thank you
Since today all electronic systems employ an SMPS power supply, the input does not necessarily need to be an AC for powering these equipment, rather an equivalent DC or pulsed DC also become useful and works as good.
Referring to the diagram above, a couple of sections can be seen, the IC1 configuration enables a 6V DC to be boosted to a much higher 220V pulsed DC through a boost converter topology using the IC 555 in its astable form. The extreme left side battery section ensures an changeover from mains to battery back up every time a power failure is sensed by the circuit.
The idea is pretty simple and does not require much of an elaboration.
How the Circuit Functions
IC1 is configured as an astable oscillator, which drives T1 and consequently L1 at the same frequency.
T1 induces the entire battery current across L1, causing a proportionately boosted voltage to appear across it during the OFF periods of the T1 (induced back EMF from L1).
L1 must be appropriately calculated such that it generates the required magnitude of voltage across the shown terminals.
The indicated 200 turns is tentatively figured out and might need much tweaking for achieving the intended 220V from the input 6V battery source.
T2 is introduced for regulating the output voltage to the desired safe levels, which is 220V here.
Z1 should be therefore a 220V zener, which conducts only when this limit is exceeded, which forces T2 to conduct and ground pin5 of the IC, stalling the frequency at pin3 to a zero voltage.
The above process continuously readjusts itself rapidly ensuring a constant 220V at the output.
The adapter which can be seen at the extreme left is employed for two reasons, first to ensure that IC1 works continuously and produces the required 220V for the connected load regardless of the mains presence (just as we have in online UPS systems), and also to ensure a charging current for the battery when mains voltage is present.
The associated TIP122 transistor is positioned to generate a regulated 7V DC for the battery and also to restrict over charging of the battery .
Using Op Amp Cut OFF
If you want a precise circuit which will accurately monitor the DC UPS battery and implement the required over charge and low discharge cut OFFs, the following design may prove useful.
3) Redundant DC UPS Circuit
In this third concept below we learn a couple of straightforward redundant UPS circuits for providing a secured uninterruptible power to crucial gadgets such as computer ATX or modems etc. The idea was requested by Mr. Shayan Firoozi.
Circuit Objectives and Requirements
- There are many products which has 2 input for different power supply,for example one for normal mains,one for generator or other mains,like servers,routers,and some critical equipment,we call it redundant power supplies
- I have an equipment which consumes 3 ampere in 12 volt dc,if I use 2 transfer with 12 volt,3 amp output which one take responsibility and which one is waiting for first loss?? Both are same on voltage and amperage,I don,t want them to work together,
- I want second power supply to be standby
- Just a simple question: What would happens if I replace battery with another 12 volt power supply ?? Will it work as a redundant or standby power supply ??
- Thanks for your answer in advanced And if it's possible tell us about model of diode and other components for 12 volt 3 ampere
As per the request, the circuit discussed in the above link can be modified to work with another DC power supply by eliminating the battery and associated stages as shown in the following form of redundant UPS circuit:
Using Two Power Supply Inputs
As we can see, the circuit is intended to work with a couple of power supplies having identical specs, such that whenever the primary power supply fails, the relay instantly changes over to the secondary power supply source ensuring an uninterruptible power supply to the connected load.
The diode D1 makes sure that while the primary power source is active and the relay in the deactivated position, it connects in series with D3 creating a greater forward drop than the primary supply diode D4...thus allowing the primary voltage to be in command and powering the load.
However as soon as the primary source goes through an outage, D4 is disabled, and for that split second D1 and D4 takes over powering the load, until the relay has changed over bypassing D1 and enabling the full rated power to the load.
The next diagram shows a method which allows a battery to be included within the proposed redundant UPS circuit, and the primary power source replaced with a solar panel, making the system a 3 way protected UPS circuit
Using Power Supply with Battery
Referring to the diagram, as long as the solar energy is available, the relay stays activated keeping the mains derived 14v supply cut off from the system.
The solar power in the meantime charges the battery and also the connected load via D1.
The battery power being slightly subdued than the solar panel power keeps D2 deactivated such that only D1 is allowed to carry the solar energy to the attached load at the output.
Using TIP122 for CV Battery Charging
The TIP122 ensures a regulated and safe over charging protected supply for the battery which charges solely through the panel voltage during day time.
As night sets in, the relay deactivates at some of time when the solar supply gets too weak to hold the relay activated.
The above changeover instantly switches the mains operated 14V into the system enabling the load to switch to the mains derived voltage without an interruption.
The battery power makes sure that while the relay is transferring over from the solar to the mains adapter supply, it compensates the split second changeover lapse in power by supplying its own power to the load, and inhibiting even a microsecond break of supply for the load.
The battery also forms the third "line of defense" in case both the primary and the secondary power happens to fail together, and is always positioned in the standby mode for the recommended redundant uninterruptible power supply circuit operation.
The first redundant UPS circuit incorporating two power sources can be better modified in the manner shown below, here the relay N/C can be seen directly connected with the load, thus enabling zero drop in the supply line:
Modem UPS using TP4056 Li-IOn Charger
If you are interested to make a 5 V DC UPS for your router using high end chargers such as TP4056 and boost converter modules, the following design could help:
The above design could be also built without a relay as given below: