Laser Activated GSM Call Alert Security Circuit for Home

In this post we discuss a simple laser GSM call alert security circuit which immediately calls the master as soon as an intruder is detected through a laser beam interruption. The idea was requested by Mr. Roldan.


The Circuit Request

Good day to you sir swagatam, I am roldan from Philippines 35 years of age. I am so fond reading your articles about security system. I am not an electronic engineer, but I can manage to trouble shoot minor electronic problems. I also have a basic knowledge on electronic schematics… I have already scans all your schematics about cell phone projects, but still I did not found the right project I wanted to built… a favor from you, is all im asking for.. if gods will…

My request :

1.) A security alarm (i.e. burglar alarm) using laser, once that an intruder lurks in the perimeter it will eventually trigger/dial my cellphone, same as the idea of your CELL PHONE DOOR LOCK CIRCUIT. Instead of pushing the car central lock instrument, it will dial my number thru a GSM cell phone. so that I am aware that somebody is/were inside my house. I am always away from my house.

2.) I am thinking about using 2 cell phone, 1 unit is for the alarm system that will dial me in case of an intruder is inside.

Hoping for your kind consideration about my request sir, till next.

Sincerely, Roldan

 The Circuit Design

In one of my earlier posts I have already presented a Cell Phone Call Alert Security System Circuit designed to alert the user whenever an intrusion was detected, it employs the IC 4060 for the procedures. This circuit was inspired from yet another earlier article titled car GSM security circuit.

The present design also is based on a similar principle, however it utilizes an IC 555 and a small delay timer for implementing the functions making the circuit much simpler than the earlier concepts.

The following diagram shows the detailed configuration, let's try to understand it further through the given explanations:

Laser Activated GSM Call Alert Security Circuit for Home


How the Circuit Works

Referring to the above shown laser activated GSM call security circuit, we can see that the IC 555 is configured as a standard astable.

The 555 astable is powered through a delay OFF timer circuit which is in turn attached with an LDR trigger.

The LDR is supposed to be focused with a laser beam aligned across the restricted zone.

As long as the laser beam remains focused on the LDR, the resistance of the LDR is held sufficiently low with respect to the associated 1 M resistor.

However in an event where the laser gets interrupted, which might happen while an intruder tries to trespass the restricted zone, the LDR suddenly experiences a high resistance allowing the transistor BC547 base to acquire a triggering pulse through the 1M resistor and the associated 100uF capacitor.

This in turn activates BC557 hard into conduction and simultaneously charges the upper 100uF capacitor to the optimal limit.

Once the above takes place the BC547 is no longer required to conduct and in fact it stops conducting due to its base 100uF capacitor acquiring full charge and/or due to the restoration of the laser beam on the LDR (as the intruder crosses over to the other end)

The BC557 continues to conduct from the charge accumulated in the upper 100uF, and powers the IC 555 such that it is able to produce around three pulses to the relay which responds to this and clicks thrice and then stops.

The above three pulse limit may be achieved by suitably adjusting the two 100uF capacitor values such that the delay timer conducts for a period just enough to allow the IC 555 to produce those 3 pulses, after which the BC557 may be expected to switch OFF, along with the the IC 555 and the relay.

R1, R2, and C1 may also need to be calculated for allowing 0.5 second pulse from the astable, meaning the 3 pulses should not take more than 1.5 seconds to complete

The relay contacts can be seen integrated with the "call button" of a mobile phone which is used here as a cheap alternative to a GSM modem, although the cellphone works more effectively and is much cheaper.

The cellphone's phone book is initially stored with the owners number and is manually called upon once which sets the number as the first number in the calling list.

Subsequently now whenever the green button is actuated thrice enables the cellphone to begin calling the owner's number.

The above basic principle is efficiently utilized for alerting the owner whenever an intrusion is detected through a laser beam interruption.

In the above proposed laser activated GSM call alert security circuit, the modem cellphone employed is a NOKA1280 which happens to be the cheapest and easy cellphone and therefore becomes perfectly suitable for this application, although any other similar cellphone could be tried for the same.

The integration of the two wires with the call button of the cellphone can be quite tedious since the keypad of this phone has no solderable pads, and therefore the wire ends might need to be tightly pressed on the relevant pads and secured with some kind of glue for reinforcing the contact in the position permanently without loosening, overtime.

22 thoughts on “Laser Activated GSM Call Alert Security Circuit for Home

  1. Have questions? Please feel free to post them through comments! Comments will be moderated and solved ASAP.
    • you will need to calculate them suitably to enable the relay to produce the intended switching, and this must be in coordination with the delay period of the timer circuit…meaning the delay time should allow the 555 IC to produce only three clicks and then cut off the supply

  2. a muillion thanks to you sir swagatam, im so overwhelmed that my request was granted.. ill try to build these as soon i am free from my hectic job schedule. God speed to you sir! (roldan)

  3. very well done indeed … nice solution … but if i want to have a simple call alert while my door/window opens …. only by implementing " a reed relay & a magnet" i.e if a reed relay and magnet are implemented at the door such that … when door closes … magnet come incontact with the reed relay and makes it in Off or open position … and as mentioned the cheapest GSM phone dialing is connected to reed relay …. so if door opens … magnet moves away … causing reed relay to be in ON or short position, which activates the dialing of owners contact from the GSM phone …….. so kindly tell me … is it possible to implement and how will be its complete circuit please ????

  4. Sir, greetings. I come across your website while following on Pinterest. I am learning Electronics and find it very interesting. I am a hobbyist from India.I look forward to your guidance in future. If any subscription based program is there, kindly let me know. Thanks a lot.

    • You are most welcome Ajay, you can feel free to post your queries in the comment section, I’ll ensure they are answered at an earliest.

      Once your comment is posted you will be automatically subscribed to it, however the results might end up in your email spam box, so please make sure to white list the subscription to correct the issue.

  5. Good day sir! Thank you so much for the great work you are doing to help us develop our knowledge of electronics.
    Im just a hubby of electronics, I want to build this circuit but I dont know how to calculate R1, R2 and C1. Please guide me on how to calculate them. Thank you once again.
    Adam M Abdullahi from Abuja Nigeria.

  6. I was talking about constructing the above schematic, please I am not a 100% expert, what value is good to be used as R1/R2 and C1? I am confused with replacing the values, thanks for understanding

    • this circuit is difficult and will require a lot of understanding, if you are a newcomer you should not try this, or try it at your own risk….R1,R2 C1 values will need to be experimented with great accuracy, I have explained the details in the comments.

      • OK sir, but I have good intermediate skills in circuit construction, OK as for the resistors, can I use a variable resistors so that I can adjust to the desired accuracy? Then about the capacitor, should I use ceramic or paper diletric
        I look forward to hear from you

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