A simple barcode security lock circuit or barcode scanner circuit is explained in the following article using just a handful of ordinary components such as an opamp, an LDR and an laser light.
We all have seen and are familiar with these arrays of thick and thin lines which can be seen printed on almost all types of products, these coded arrangement is commonly known as a bar code.
A barcode strip printed on a particular product identifies quite a few crucial information regarding the product in an encoded form.
How Barcode Scanners Work
Barcode scanners are sophisticated instruments which are used for scanning bar codes for decoding the hidden information of the product for the required purpose.
Normally these devices consist of a laser beam which is thrown across the barcode, the light gets reflected from the white portions of the barcode whereas its absorbed in the black lines of the code.
The above reflected varying light intensities are appropriately captured by a photosensor and translated into a varying analogue frequency output.
The above analogue data is then converted into digital pulses through a circuit stage and these digital pulses are further converted into binary form for feeding into a PC or a software. The software finally decodes the information by recognizing the digital/binary pattern of the fed data.
Making a Barcode Scanner Circuit
A simple homemade barcode scanner is presented in the following discussion which can be used for experimenting and playing with different barcoded strips and for customizing it as a security key lock device.
Referring to the couple of diagrams below, the diagram on the left shows a LED/LDR sensor which may be positioned close to the barcode strip inside an appropriate box enclosure for sensing the barcode specification.
How the Concept Works
When the barcode card is swiped, the laser beam is reflected from across the black/white barcode lines with varying intensities and is received/detected by the LDR through an appropriately drilled aperture, as may be visualized in the left diagram above.
The barcode security lock circuit on the right shows a simple opamp comparator circuit integrated with the LDR sensor for translating the barcode data into a correspondingly varying digital signals
The 10 k preset is subtly set such that the opamp is able to respond even to the minutest difference in light sensed by the LDR.
Thus the varying light intensities from a swiping barcode card is quickly responded by the opamp and is converted into a correspondingly changing rectangular waveform across its pin6.
Since here we are only interested to use the decoded information to uniquely activate a compatible lock and key arrangement, reading only the frequency and the RMS would be sufficient for using the barcode info as a potential security locking/unlocking data.
In the next post we'll learn how to make a barcode decoder circuit or activating a relay mechanism.
Designing a Barcode Activated Security Lock Circuit
So far we learned about a simple barcode sensor circuit, now we'll study how the sensed pulses can be transformed for getting unique sets of high low outputs from the IC 4033 in response to different barcodes patterns. This unique results can be then used for activating a barcode security lock circuit or an alarm.
The idea is based on the fact that the lines of the bar code have different thicknesses and this could be scanned to produce unique time intervals across the entire bar code design.
In the figure below we see the circuit design for creating unique 7 segment outputs in response to the opamp sensor feed.
How the Circuit Works
In the proposed barcode security lock circuit, a 4033 IC which is a 7 segment decoder is used with a IC 555 clock generator for generating the unique results in response to the barcode.
Pin4 of the IC 555 is connected with the opamp sensor output which implies that the IC 555 will be active and run the IC 4033 only for the white spaces on the barcode, since the white spaces are supposed to create high logic pulses across the opamp output will keep the IC 555 pin4 reset pin activated during these periods.
And while the IC 555 is clocking, IC 4033 would be busy creating the BCD sequences across its output pins, and across the black lines of the barcode this sequence generation will stay inhibited.
Now in order to get a uniform and consistent outputs from the IC 4033 for individual barcode, the barcode card needs to be swiped using a motor mechanism or a solenoid mechanism with a regulated constant speed and not with hand.
The motor could be operated with a set/reset mechanism such that it moves the entire barcode length in front of the laser/LDR assembly.
The motor switch ON could initiate the opamp circuit which then starts sensing the barcode pulses to transform it into a PWM form.
This PWM is quickly responded by the IC 555/4033 circuit until the entire barcode is read.
As soon as the reading ends the outputs of the 4033 stay latched with a unique set of high and low outputs.
These outputs can be individually configured with relay mechanisms in order to activate an electrical lock, a gate, or any intended security system.
A 4 input NAND gate IC 4012 could be used and configured with any four selected unique outputs of the decoder for activating a security relay.
If 3 high outputs are selected then one of the NAND inputs could be shorted to the positive supply.