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18650 2600mAh Battery Datasheet and Working

18650 2600mAh Battery Datasheet and Working

In this article we will try to understand the main specifications and datasheet of the Li-Ion cell 18650 2600 mAh, which is one of the most popular Li-ion batteries, and preferred by all electronic professionals due to its high efficiency, in terms power delivery and compact dimensions.

8650 2600mAh Battery Datasheet and Working

Li-Ion batteries are one of the most advanced forms of batteries which are designed to charge and discharge at high efficiency rates, compared to any other form of batteries.

Li-Ion batteries are able to charge significantly quickly by storing the voltage and current at almost 90% efficiency, and are able to deliver the same with almost the same amount of efficiency. That's the reason today all advanced and state-of-the-art gadgets depend on Li-Ion batteries for their functioning and performance.

In this article we are discussing the 18650 2600mAh Li-Ion Cells which look quite similar to the well known traditional AAA 1.5V cells, but are a lot more powerful and efficient with their ratings.

Difference Between AAA 1.5 Cell and 18650 2600 mAh Li-Ion Cell

The main differences between these two counterparts can studied as given below:

  1. AAA cells are rated at 1.5V whereas the 18650 2600 mAh cells are rated at 3.7V
  2. AAA cells are rated at maximum 1000 mAh, 18650 cells have the capacity as high as 2600 mAh
  3. Only Ni-Cd variants of AAA cells are chargeable with lower efficiency, while all 18650 2600 mAh are chargeable with great efficiency.
  4. AAA are mostly use-and-throw types having short life span, 18650 2600mAh have long life span and can  be charged and discharged many 100 times with sustained efficiency.

Main Electrical Datasheet and Specifications

The main electrical datasheet and specifications of the 18650 2600 mAh cell can be understood from the following explanation:

  1. Nominal Voltage: 3.7V
  2. Maximum Ah rating: 2600 mAh
  3. Internal Impedance: around 70 milliohms
  4. Minimum Low Voltage Cut-off Limit: 3 V
  5. Recommended Full Charge or maximum Charge Cut-OFF Limit: 4.2V
  6. Recommended Charging and Discharging Rate: @0.52 Amps
  7. Possible Fast Charging and Fast Discharging Rate: @1.3 Amps at controlled case temperature
  8. Maximum allowable Charging and Discharging: @2.6 Amps in pulsed form and under controlled case temperature.
  9. Allowable Case Temperature range during Charging: 0 to 45 degrees Celsius
  10. Allowable Case Temperature range during is Discharging: -20 to 60 degrees Celsius.

How to Charge a 18650 2600 mAh Battery

Just as any other 3.7V Li-Ion battery , the 18650 2600mAh Battery must be charged with constant current constant voltage (CC/CV) rate, wherein the charger voltage must be rated at a constant 4.2V, and with a constant 0.52 ampere current.

The battery should be charged until its terminal voltage reaches 4.2V when the charging supply should be cut-off.

While discharging, an identical pattern as above must be followed wherein the connected load must be preferably rated to consume current at not more than 0.52 amps, and must be disconnected before the battery reaches around 3.1V.

Simple (CC/CV) Auto cut-off Charger Circuit for Charging 18650 2600mAh Battery

18650 2600mAh power bank charger

The above figure shows a simple 18650 2600mAh Battery charger circuit using a single LM317 IC regulator and an IC 741 based opamp stages.

Rx may be calculated as given below:

Rx = 1.2 / 0.6 = 2 ohm/ 1/2 watt

If you want to use fixed resistor instead of the 4k7 preset, you can calculated the same with the following formula;

VO = VREF (1 + R2 / R1) + (IADJ × R2)

where is = VREF   = 1.25, R1 = 240 ohms, R2 = for 4k7 preset

Current ADJ is just 50 µA and therefore too small to be considered in the formula, you can remove it.

Alternatively you could also try this software

Setting up the circuit is easy

Keep the 10K preset slider to ground position. Apply minimum 6V at the input, and adjust the 4K7 pot to produce a precise 4.2V across the points where the battery is supposed to be connected.

Now, slowly adjust the 10k preset until the LED just lights up, seal the preset with epoxy glue.

Do this without connecting a battery.

That's all, the auto cut off system is all set now.

You can confirm the set up by attaching a discharged 18650 cell across the indicated points, then switch ON the supply, and wait until the red LED lights up. When this happens you can assume that the battery is fully charged, and can be removed for usage.

Where can 18650 2600mAh Battery be Used

It can be used in all sorts of battery based applications which have to go through relentless power usage for a specific purpose, such as LED flashlights, emergency lights, drones and quadcopters, DC drill machines, hair trimmers etc.

These cells can be also effectively used in power bank circuits, an example power bank circuit can be seen below:

power bank using 18650 li-ion cells

As we can see in the figure, two 18650 2600 mAh cells are connected in series inside a compact enclosure, and the output terminal are configured for charging the desired cellphone during emergency usage.

To render the power bank in ready or stand by position, it should be first charged using a charger that is explained in the previous section of this article. The input voltage must be set at 8.4V.

Once fully charged the power bank should be removed from the charger, during this time the battery voltage may drop to its standard level of 3.8V each constituting a total voltage of 7.6V.

The attached diodes make sure that the final output from the power bank is dropped to around 5.2V, while the 2 ohm resistor adds a current control feature to the output. This resistor value may need to be adjusted depending on the type of cellphone connected with the output, so that the charging is optimally and efficiently implemented

Once the above standby by state achieved, this 18650 2600mAh based power bank could be carried outdoors by the user for the intended emergency charging purpose.

Have questions? please ask them through the comment box below!


About the Author

I am an electronic engineer (dipIETE ), hobbyist, inventor, schematic/PCB designer, manufacturer. I am also the founder of the website: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/, where I love sharing my innovative circuit ideas and tutorials. If you have any circuit related query, you may interact through comments, I'll be most happy to help!

8 thoughts on “18650 2600mAh Battery Datasheet and Working”

  1. Hello Sir,

    Its been quiet some time since i’m getting myself some old laptop batteries from the electronics market at reasonable rates.
    Now I’ve had a good experience working with them.
    I would like to point out certain things I’ve got to know and learn from them sometime later.

    Firstly, i would say, if ever you lay your hands on any laptop battery pack, no doubts, you’ve got a pack of true lithium ion cells on them which are always real and branded.

    Why, i say this is once a time i searched the internet for 18650 cells, you get a list of all types of cells, straight from branded to unbranded and also the very much fake ones from which you can really get cheated off.

    But there are very few cells that are worth the cost, and the maximum are the fake ones.
    The fake ones are described as :
    1. colorful and eye catchy,
    2. always print the highest capacity on them,
    3. much lighter in weight when compared to original one
    4. and are quiet cheap.

    So i advise DIY’ers that those who want to use 18650 li-ion cells for projects, first try to search for old laptop batteries in the market; those have branded cells inside and you can reuse them for various projects.

    One can also buy protected 18650 cells from the market or online, but based on their electrical parameters, they are much costlier compared to buying assembled 18650 battery modules mostly found in old laptop battery packs.
    This is as per my experience when working with li-ion cells.

  2. hey swag,

    I’d like to power a mosquito bat with 18650 3.7v batteries because the batteries in the AC rechargeable ones die quite fast. Of course I would lose the the AC recharging but I do have mutliple 18650 and a reliable xtar charger. The cells are NiCad totalling to 2.4v so I need to drop down the voltage. I was planning to use an LM317T but I found out that the min Vin – Vout = 3.0v but these are typically powered by 2.4v nicd. and that’s just a 1.3v difference, way below the the minimum voltage drop. Any recommendations on how I can drop down?

    • Hey Barns, just add a couple of 1N4007 diodes in series with the positive line of the battery, this will drop around 1.3V and give you the required 2.4V at the output.

  3. good work sir.
    Rx may be calculated as given below:
    Rx = 1.2 / 0.6 = 2 ohm/ 1/2 watt
    where did d 1.2 n 0.6 are from.

    • Thanks Wale, they are the forward voltage drops of the BC547 and the 1N4148 diode at its base (0.6 + 0.6)….the potential drop across the Rx must overcome these two drops to trigger the BC547.

    • You can use a 0-6V transformer and build a power supply with a bridge network and 2200uF filter capacitor, and use this adapter for charging the power bank

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