This easy yet useful security alarm circuit is designed to get triggered in response to even a brief movement of the unit, causing a loud alarm sound to set off.
The circuit could be attached or installed on any desired gadget or asset which needs to be protected from theft. As soon as the gadget is displaced or moved with an intention to steal, the device alarm will sound
How the Sensor Works
You can find a variety of sensors that could be tried for S1, however a mercury switch could be the apparent type to go with.
A mercury switch is essentially just a couple of electrodes sealed inside an insulated tube and moderately stuffed with mercury.
In this sensor, a change in its position causes the mercury to shift its contact from the electrodes so that the electrodes are left open.
However, with some other orientation, causes the mercury to roll over and come in contact both the electrodes generating a short between the two electrodes.
In an implementation of this type the sensor switch must be arranged so that it is merely a point away where it just creates an electrical contact across the electrodes, so that any kind of small displacement or vibration even for a brief second triggers the switch and sets off the alarm circuit.
Essentially, the circuit only has to create a latching function in response to a brief triggering from the sensor S1, which is subsequently used to drive an associated alarm device.
In case the unit is required to be powered from a battery, it becomes essential for the circuit to work with minimal stand-by current in order that the unit can remain unattended for long time periods without depleting the battery too much.
In this particular security gadget alarm circuit, as shown in the following diagram, the latching action is implemented through a standard set/reset flip/flop created around IC1a and IC1b.
The additional a couple of NOR gates of IC1 are kept unconnected, although their inputs are linked with the negative supply line to ensure protection against static charges, as well as guarantee that the unused gates do not cause any major current usage.
C2 generates the starting 'reset' pulse, to enable the flip/flop stage on the appropriate output condition during the switch-on period, while S1 is poitioned as the mercury switch that enables the output into the high state as soon as it is turned on.
The latch output drives the alarm generator circuit through emitter follower TR1. The alarm generator circuit is created using a pair of 555 IC astable circuits where IC3 is configured for producing the audio tone while IC2 does the job of frequency modulation.
The modulation function is implemented by lightly associating the IC2 output with the control input of IC3 through R8. This configuration allows a straightforward yet powerful two tone 'warbling' alarm noise.
LS1 is an enclosed ceramic resonator that provides large efficiency along with a ear piercing shrill audio output. In case the best possible volume level is intended, R7 could be substituted with a 1M preset which could be tweaked to the spot where the two frequencies offer the highest output.
This multipurpose anti-theft movement detector alarm circuit could be applied in many different ways. It can be employed like a burglar alarm, attached to a doorway so that the device can be activated as soon as a person moves open the door.
This door could be the entrance of a car or a mobile home and not specifically that of a house. The fully furnished and ideal characteristics of the alarm additionally enables it to be well suited to applications like a travel suitcase or tv set alarm, laptops, in which the alarm could be initialized the moment somebody attempts to take away the secured item.
The anti-theft device can be built very stream-lined, allowing it to be ideally suitable as a security device for pretty much everything precious that cannot be practically bolted down.