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Single Transistor Radio Receiver Circuit

This is probably the simplest radio receiver circuit that one could ever imagine of making. The circuit is so simple that it could be finished assembling within a few minutes and you are already listening your favorite programs over it.

Introduction

What are the fundamental criteria associated with radio reception? An antenna stage, a band selector stage, a demodulator stage and a receiving element.When all of these come together radio reception becomes as simple as a piece of cake.

The circuit of a single transistor radio shown here though looks pretty ordinary, yet incorporates all the above stages and becomes just suitable for receiving the nearby radio stations.

However simplicity will always involve some drawbacks also, here the present design will be capable of receiving only strong stations and also selectivity might not be very pleasing, typically if there are a couple of strong stations mingling around the band.



Circuit Operation

The figure below shows how the single transistor radio can be made, we can clearly see that it just involves a single transistor as the main active component.A regular type of MW antenna coil has been used for collecting or sensing the MW receptions.

The coil is tuned using a GANG condenser or a variable capacitor which is connected in parallel to the antenna coil.The coil and the GANG together form a resonant tank circuit, which lock on to the received or the resonant frequency at a particular setting.

The concentrated but very low in power signal from the above LC tuned stage is fed to the base of the transistor which as performs the function of a demodulator as well as a amplifier stage.

The coupling capacitor at the base of the transistor makes sure only the radio information passes to the transistor while the DC component from the supply is appropriately blocked.

Headphone Becomes the Load and the Switch

A 64 Ohm headphone becomes the collector load of the transistor, where the demodulated and amplified signal is applied.

When connected, the received signals can be distinctly heard over the headphones with this little “audio marvel”Plugging in the headphone initiates the circuit and the circuit starts operating with its functions and the switches OFF itself when the headphone is removed from the circuit.

This eliminates the need of an external switch to be associated with the circuit, making the unit very compact.

Single Transistor Radio Receiver Circuit

The circuit requires just 1.5 V for operating which can be implemented using a single button type of cell.

You would also want to build this ONE TRANSISTOR FM RADIO CIRCUIT

Feedback from one of the avid readers of this blog, Mr. SA Genoff

"Could you take a look at my 1st design of a single transistor radio ?  Attached is a photo of my work.I have not studied Electronics extensively, just some undergraduate Physics and math.I know Ohm's law and am familiar with Maxwell's equations, but not conversationally.

Thanks so much for your work and webpages,      Stephen A Genoff

My Reply:

Why there are two positives? Perhaps the battery should be replaced by the coil. Did you try it practically, how did it respond? The volume control part also may be incorrect according to me!

SHARING IS CARING!


About the Author

I am an electronic engineer (dipIETE ), hobbyist, inventor, schematic/PCB designer, manufacturer. I am also the founder of the website: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/, where I love sharing my innovative circuit ideas and tutorials. If you have any circuit related query, you may interact through comments, I'll be most happy to help!



27 thoughts on “Single Transistor Radio Receiver Circuit”


  1. Howdy, Friend! Interested to Learn Circuit Designing? Let's Start Discussing below!
  2. ser please tell me about every component of this FM circuit
    please show me pic of every component and tell me its full name like pf etc.
    and tell me its values please please

  3. ser please tell me about every component like trangister, ressisters,capictor etc.
    ser please show me a pic of very component
    ser also tell me full name of every component and its values
    like 500 PF GANG what is this tell me all please please

  4. The schematic is wrong,the capacitor in the base of tranzistor isn't eltrolythic,is a 100 nF ceramic capacitor

  5. Hi, I have made this circuit but it is unable to catch any FM signals (I just need to catch 1 channel).
    can you tell me coil's specifications (thickness, diameter and turns) ?

  6. in this circuit it could be for 3 reasons:

    to stabilize the 1.5V when a strong reception is detected,

    to ground unwanted high frequency response and to make the audio clearer.

    to safeguard te transistor from earphone coil back emfs…

  7. Good day sir

    Will this capture FM signals?

    I used BF199-based replacement Transistor istead of BC547. and used Standard FM Tunning Gang CAP paralleled to Standard MW AM antenna coil.

    Will this work?

  8. I made this and it is working. Fed the signal into a LM386 and can hear it on a 8ohm speaker. Too bad I can only 2 clear stations.

    • Okay, thank you for your informations!
      – but I still have one another question about your circuit:
      What do you think – how is the quality of the received sound, if I build a FM receiver just some meters next to the receiver? – do you think, the sound will be good or have you any other idea, how I could realise this?
      I'm asking, because I want to make a pair of headphones wireless – but with power consumption as low as possible.

      Thank you in advance, Mr. Majumdar!

    • Sorry, I did not understand your question, what an FM receiver has to do with the above circuit?

      The above circuit is a receiver not a transmitter

    • Please excuse me, I actually wanted to ask you, how good the quality of your published receiver is?
      I wanted to ask you that question, because I intend to build your fm receiver and a fm transmitter.
      From last one (transmitter), I want to transmit an audio signal to a pair of headphones, which I want to make wireless due to your receiver circuit?
      You know what I mean? – Basicly I just wanted to know, what you think about this idea and if the quality is good enough.

    • sorry but you should put the question under the relevant article, because i have so many transmitter related articles, can't really figure out which circuit you are referring to.

      anyway all my circuits are correct and will surely work if done correctly.

  9. you said you can be hired, if we pay you. will you thumb my bum while watching german piss porn for $50? i dont have hair on my balls.

    • I'll do it free of cost for you, however may be you won't appreciate my service as I would come armed with a red hot iron and nutcracker equipment…..be ready

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