Hello sir i am trying to make AC 1 watt led bulb like 6.2 v 3 amp
miniature lamp or festival decoration lamp so it will be easy to solder
led without seeing plus and minus of leds so pls rpls
i am trying to make AC 1 watt bulb like 6.2 v 3 amp miniature lamp
......so it will be easy to solder led in series without seeing plus and
minus of led so pls help
Sir actually I want to make 100 nos of led toran of 2 array each array
of 50 leds I am trying to convert leds in AC bulbs like 6.2 v festival
decoration lamps so that's my question sir
can we run the LEDs without the circuit by adding some ics to each
led.......... I want to run it direct on 230v AC without any circuit
like festival series lamps.
LEDs are different from filament
bulbs and are much vulnerable to current fluctuations, without a dropping capacitor the LEDs will start blowing off with the slightest
voltage fluctuations if connected directly or through resistors.
therefore a recommended capacitive power supply circuit has to be used with it.
Basit: So we cannot make AC led Series bulbs ?
You'll have to include the high voltage isolating capacitor, rest of the components can be eliminated.
two 50 LED series and connect their opposite ends together, meaning the
anode end of one series should be connected with the cathode end of the
other series in both the ends.
now simply connect one end of
this assembly to one of the mains terminals while the other to the
other mains terminal through a high voltage capacitor.
the whole set up will be too dangerous to touch, exercise adequate caution.
Assessing the above LED string light design using a single PPC capacitor:
The idea looks simple and feasible and also quite reliable due to the large number of LEDs in series taking care of the initial surge current.
The large number of LEDs makes sure that the total LED forward drop is close to the AC mains value which enables restricting the initial current to a reasonable level.
If we assume the forward drop of the shown white LEDs to be around 3.3V, then with 50 LEDs in series it gets to approximately 3.3 x 50 = 165V, though not too close to 220V but sufficient enough to just counter the initial surge from the PPC capacitor which acts like a momentary short circuit each time power is switched ON.
Probably 90 numbers would be just adequate and perfectly safe.
As can be seen in the above diagram, there are 50 LEDs on the upper string joined in series and an identical string with an identical number of LEDs at the lower side of the design.
The free ends of these two series are connected to each other but using the opposite polarities, that is the anode side of one string is made common with the cathode side of the other string and vice versa.
The mains AC is applied to these common joints through a PPC high voltage capacitor.
A nominal 0.33uF is shown in the diagram assuming that 5mm LEDs are used in the circuit.
We know that mains AC is fundamentally composed of alternating current which changes its cycle polarity 50 times a second, constituting the 50 Hz spec.
The LED strings are deliberately connected with their opposite end polarity so that one string illuminates in response of one half AC cycle while the other string for the other opposite AC half cycle.
Since this is supposed to happens very quickly (50 times per second) the human eye is unable to distinguish the fractional lapse or shutting off of the strings, and both the strings appear to be lit up brightly and continuously.
The above design was successfully built and tried by Mr. Ram, the following picture provides a dazzling performance proof for the same.
The circuit was also built and tested by Mr. Raj, who is also an avid follower of this blog, the picture below was sent by him for the readers viewing pleasure.