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Ultrasonic Weapon (USW) Circuit

Ultrasonic Weapon (USW) Circuit

The post discusses a simple ultrasonic weapon circuit also called USW, using very ordinary parts such as IC 555 and a few other passive components to generate the required ultrasonic ear piercing sound.

Controlling Crime with USW

With rising crime in today's society, especially against woman, carrying some sort of effective weapon has become quite imperative.

However keeping weapons like a hand gun can be too risky and dangerous as it can lead to deaths or severe injuries and might instigate legal interventions.

A great option which can be as effective in such cases yet won't cross dangerous limits can be in the form of a USW or an ultrasonic weapon.



What is a USW

An USW is a device or an electronic circuit designed for generating ear piercing, unpleasant frequencies that may be capable of causing intensely disturbing or painful affects for the assailant. when targeted toward the human attacker or an animal.

This sonic devastator will generally work with amplified frequencies of around 10 to 15kHz with a sweeping effect, resembling the sound created when we scratch our nail on a bar of chalk or limestone (amplify it 50 times).

Such USW devices are already available in the market but making one at home can be real fun and also useful.

A simple version can be witnessed below which incorporates a couple IC 555s for the intended actions. The proposed ultrasonic weapon circuit may be understood as follows:

Basically both the ICs are configured as astable multivibrators, but the one at the left is used as a slow rising and falling ramp generator or triangle wave generator.

Circuit Operation

The IC 555 at the right is wired up as a high frequency generator determined by the 1.5k resistor, P2 and the 0.01uF capacitor.

The slow rising/falling ramp from across the 1uF capacitor of left IC555 is applied to the control input pin#5 of the right hand side astable IC555 stage.

The above integration results in an high frequency sweeping voltage at pin#3 of the right hand IC which is fed to the transistor current amplifier stage consisting of the power transistor  D40D5 or any other similar NPN equivalent.

This amplified current is further fed to a couple of inductors which transform the high current into high voltage frequency suitable for driving high impact piezo transducers or buzzer elements.

For the two parallel inductors, here we incorporate the primaries of an ordinary radio audio output driver transformers and the series inductor can be any type having the value of around 1000uH.

S4 is the push to ON switch used for triggering the circuit into operation.

S1 is for selecting fast or slow sweep effect option, while S3 is the frequency selector switch, to be selected for fixing the optimal frequency range. P2 sets the final frequency to be delivered across the output.

Adjusting the Frequency Sweep

P1 is for correcting the desired sweep speeds.

The whole circuit operates at 18V, lower voltages upto 12V can also be tried with good results.

A battery pack made from chargeable Ni-Cd cells suits good enough for this ultrasonic weapon application.

The whole unit must be installed inside a plastic enclosure made by fabricating plastic pipes in such away that it resembles a pistol kind of appearance with S4 positioned at the trigger button position.

The piezo must be assembled inside a funnel mouth, and whole assembly to be fixed at the tip of the above fabricated gun barrel.

Circuit Diagram of Sonic Devastator

ultra sonic devastator weapon circuit diagram

Transducer Driver Coil Details

transducer driver coil details

How to Make a Long Distance USW

The above design could be effectively used for remote long distance control by configuring it with a pair of RF FM transmitter and receiver circuit as shown below:

long distance sonic devastator circuit

 

SHARING IS CARING!


About the Author

I am an electronic engineer (dipIETE ), hobbyist, inventor, schematic/PCB designer, manufacturer. I am also the founder of the website: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/, where I love sharing my innovative circuit ideas and tutorials. If you have any circuit related query, you may interact through comments, I'll be most happy to help!



60 thoughts on “Ultrasonic Weapon (USW) Circuit”


  1. Howdy, Friend! Interested to Learn Circuit Designing? Let's Start Discussing below!
  2. Hi,
    Thank you for your plans sonic_devastator
    Please send Trans-core size of item1, Diameter and number far wire for use1000 uh.
    Is there a more powerful design for more space?
    Or to increase the area, the same plot is connected to a stronger amplifier.
    I am waiting to your reply.
    All the best
    Jokar

  3. Hi,
    Thanks for your plans and efforts
    Do you have another powerful plan or
    Does it have a strong amplifier for increases the effective interval
    Transmission core size and wire diameter 1000 uh
    I am waiting your reply.
    All the best
    Jokar

  4. Dear Sir
    If I want to use this circuit to drive a, say 4 or 8 Ohm speaker, can I just use the the BD139 to do so and use a 12V supply?
    This is to use it to chase away rats (and the occasional dog) which come in from the fields, so the frequency should also be above the human threshold of say 17kHz.
    I will change the values of the voltage divider to pins 2/6:
    P2 10k Ohm to 2k Ohm, R1.5k to 1k Ohm
    R3.9k Ohm to 2k Ohm and leave the Capacitor at 0.01uF.
    to get the desired frequency range.
    I hope this should work.

    • Dear Husmukh, yes you can try that, BD139 will work with a 8 ohm speaker at the mentioned frequency. However I am not too sure whether dogs really get disturbed by ultrasonic sounds or not….in fact they will get disturbed just like us if the sound is sharp and ear piercing type.

      You can experiment with it and check the response.

    • Hi, it may be possible by upgrading the coil and the piezo to handle higher watts and by using a radar kind of transmitter to focus the waves towards the target.

    • thanks, yes may be it won't cause too much trouble for the intruder but it might certainly help to attract a few folks even from some distance away…

  5. The sweep configurations look OK to me, can't figure out the issue, try a diode instead of the 1K resistor between the collector of the transistor and S2…cathode to the collector and anode to S2……check the response after doing this.

    • replacing with a mosfet will not improve anything except the cost which may go higher. Th amplitude would be equal to the supply voltage.

  6. Hi again, sorry to bother you.
    I've wired up my circuit but it doesn't function, I suspect the problem to be in the way the potentiometers are wired up..
    Just wondering how did you wire them up?
    Thank you for your help.

    • Hi, the potentiometers are correctly positioned and varying them will produce the specified outputs.

      What kind of sound are you getting presently?

      keep S2 disconnected initially and check the response, if there's no sound would indicate a certain fault in the connections.

    • Sorry I mean with the potentiometer on the diagram, what would it look like physically? I think I may have incorrectly wired it up hence why I am not getting any sound.
      I currently have on the 500k potentiometer the 10k resistor linked to the far right terminal on the potentiometer and then the other 2 connections linked to the far left terminal and then have soldered a wire linking the far left terminal and middle terminal together, is that how it should be connected? I have all the components on a bread board and I have a feeling that this is where I've made fault.

      Thank you again.

    • left or right pot terminal orientations are not important….short the center lead of the pot with either the left or the right terminal…this joint together becomes one lead of the pot…while the other free lead becomes the other lead of the pot.

      now simply connect one to the positive line and the other to the 10k resistor.

      the joined leads of the pot can go to the positive line or to the 10k that's not critical…because pots don't have polarity.

    • Thanks mate! Got it working in the end, I disassembled it and rebuilt it again and managed to get it working.. must have missed something along the way. Thanks!

  7. HI there,
    I've got all the components except the D40D5 transistor as I can't find it.. Can you please recommend a transistor to use in its place? Thanks!

  8. Sorry for disturbing you again..
    Can I use 3-point piezo?
    What I mean in audio transformer is the voltage and current..
    Thanks…

    • you make one by winding 8 primary and 1000 secondary over any E type ferrite bobbin/core assembly
      wire should be 33 SWG or 0.2mm

  9. I opened the piezo buzzer this morning and found no circuit just a 12v piezo transducer…By the way it doesn't sound like "buzzing" but like a "tweeeeeet" ing soung…can I use it? thank a lot!!!

    • the piezo which am referring to should look like this:

      4.bp.blogspot.com/-MlUEEIZ2MDw/T5zHauzOS1I/AAAAAAAABNE/IsnTWGcUfkE/s1600/piezo+transducer+element.png

      no other types would probably work

  10. Can I use a 12v piezo buzzer which looks a lot like encased in black circle thing?!
    how many volts and amps is the audio transformer? cause that's what the salesgirl keep asking me!!! thanks!!! 🙂

    • buzzer will not work here, you will need to connect only the piezo element without in associated circuit.
      ask for 27mm piezo element

  11. thanks a lot sir!! you help me a lot to understand the circuit!

    I have another question.

    1. In your answer in #2, does that mean I'll buy an audio transformer with 8 ohms secondary side, and any resistance on the primary. Or does it need to be 1k ohm?

    2. And I can use BC547!?

    • you can buy an ordinary audio transformer and use its output winding (speaker side) with the above circuit….the winding which has higher number of turns.

    • BC547 can be used in place of 2907 but for the output transistor you will have to employ a power transistor such as D313, D1315 or TIP31, TIP122 etc

  12. good day sir!!!

    may I ask?

    1. Where is the piezo here? What will I tell the counter if I buy the piezo like that in the circuit?

    2. On the far right side of the circuit, is that a transformers in parallel or just a coil? which is 8 ohms, the primary or the secondary? what are the specifications? (in case its a transformer) how many volts is the primary? the secondary? how many amps?how many watts?

    3. Can I replace the transistors with bc547? just in case there is no transistor like that in our place…

    4. The inductor is 1000 micro Henrys right?

  13. NICE! Was looking for something like this! Does the shape of the outlet tube have an affect on the sound output? I know from my Radar days in the military that the shapes of the tubes are critical. I assume not so much here?

    • Thanks JC,

      Yes, the radiator shape is indeed crucial here, to be precise the piezo element needs to be mounted inside a conical mouthpiece for effective radiation towards the intruder and for keeping the noise away from the user.

      It's great to have a military personnel with me…honored:)

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