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Modifying a Bluetooth Headset Device

Modifying a Bluetooth Headset Device

In the previous post we learned regarding the internal circuitry of a typical Bluetooth headset, in this post we'll see how a Bluetooth headset unit can be modified or "hacked" in order to make it work for other personalized applications.

In the previous article we learned how to break open a Bluetooth headset device and also investigated the various components enclosed within.

Identifying the Speaker and MIC

Although most of the stages inside the headset appear to be too sophisticated to digest, the two elements which are still quite traditional are: the speaker and the mic, and those are exactly what we are interested in for implementing the proposed hacking procedures, because these two ports basically become the input and the output terminals of the device.

To be precise it's the speaker outputs that is more useful, which could be assumed to be generating analogue audio frequencies in a push-pull format. This analogue signal can be easily translated and converted into a logical signal for operating a toggling device such as a relay.

In the following couple of images we are able to see the speaker wires which could be simply cut and striped at the ends for accessing the processed analogue frequencies for the required modifications.

Integrating with a Bridge Rectifier Network

Once the above operations are made, it's all about integrating the wires with a bridge network followed by an opto coupler stage, as shown below:

The bridge network converts the differential output response from the Bluetooth speaker outputs into a full wave DC, which is further filtered by the 100uF capacitor to produce a clean DC across the opto input.

The DC is converted into a logical content across the collector/ground of the opto transistor. This output may be configured with any standard flip flop circuit for toggling any desired load.

The above toggling could be initiated by activating the Bluetooth headset with a data from a cell phone or any similar compatible device. Each time the speaker responds, the info gets translated into the above discussed toggling effect over a connected relay.

The Flip Flop Bistable Circuit

A flip flop circuit can be seen in the following figure which could be integrated with the above opto output for obtaining the intended relay operations.

Parts List

R3 = 10K,
R4, R5 = 2M2,
R6, R7 = 39K,
R4, R5 = 0.22, DISC,
C6 = 100µF/25V,
D4, D5 = 1N4148,
T1 = BC 547,
IC = 4093,

The above method explains an easy way of hacking a Bluetooth headset for remotely operating a particular appliance, in the next post (yet to be published) we'll learn how to hack a Bluetooth Headset as a wireless home theater system.


About the Author

I am an electronic engineer (dipIETE ), hobbyist, inventor, schematic/PCB designer, manufacturer. I am also the founder of the website: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/, where I love sharing my innovative circuit ideas and tutorials. If you have any circuit related query, you may interact through comments, I'll be most happy to help!

22 thoughts on “Modifying a Bluetooth Headset Device”

  1. great … mr. swagatam.
    next post I hope you hack bluetooth for communications on a motorcyclist which inserted in each helmet

  2. Excellent guide that gives me ideas. The optocoupler could be replaced by an optical fiber link, for controlled devices that are just out of BT range and/or out of sight. That fourth gate could instead look at pin 4 of N2 and operate a state-indicator LED visible at the BT end. See, I have an older Android tablet I want to use to control several remote locks, and it can handle five BT connections at once.

    Do you know of any hacks that discard the BT functions, and just use the rest of the headset as a standalone rechargeable micropower supply for other projects not-BT-related?

    • Thanks very much!!
      Sorry, but without the BT function the unit would have no other purpose, could you please explain how do you visualize the unit to serve the mentioned purpose with the BT discarded??

    • What I meant was, to utilize just the battery and associated charging circuitry within your average BT headset to power small devices that don't need to communicate over BT.

      I was asked by a friend who bought an expensive Green Lantern power ring "toy" when the (not very good) movie came out to find a way to replace the battery in it with something rechargeable. I noticed that there was room inside the ring for the LiPo battery in a BT headset I had opened up to see what was inside, and room to hide a USB charging port on the outside of the ring. Unfortunately the circuit board was a little too big to also fit, but I couldn't figure out which bits I could cut off without disabling the charging circuitry. I got lucky and found a tiny rechargeable that fit but it still required removal to recharge- I wanted to do it without disassembly and reassembly each time the battery needed charging.

      Since then I've thought of several other ways that could be useful, but the chips in BT sets are hard to find data on- Google is spectacularly unhelpful. I was hoping that you might know of a website that collects that sort of information in one place.

    • Thanks Vincent, however I am sorry to say this, I have no idea regarding how a 2-digit display may be configured with the mentioned A/D IC.

    • Arif, actually it's not difficult, you just have to buy a cheap home theater system and connect the speaker wires of the bluetooth headset with the headphone jack of the home theater….and it will start working like a bluetooth controlled home theater system….any music can be played wirelessly through bluetooth

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