How to Connect Transistors (BJT) and Mosfet with Arduino

In this article we elaborately discuss the correct methods of using or connecting transistors like BJTs and mosfets with any microcontroller or an Arduino. Such stages are also referred to as “Level Shifter” because this stage changes the voltage level from a lower point to a higher point for the relevant output parameter. For example … Read moreHow to Connect Transistors (BJT) and Mosfet with Arduino

Understanding Amplifier Circuits

In general, an amplifier can be defined as a circuit designed to boost an applied low power input signal into a high power output signal, as per the specified rating of the components. Although, the basic function remains the same, amplifiers could be classified into different categories depending on their design and configurations. Circuits for … Read moreUnderstanding Amplifier Circuits

Learning Basics of Semiconductors

In this post we comprehensively learn regarding the fundamental working principles of semiconductor devices, and how the internal structure of semiconductors function under the influence of electricity. The resistivity value between these semiconductor materials neither has a complete conductor characteristic nor a complete insulator, it is in between these two limits. This feature may define … Read moreLearning Basics of Semiconductors

Learning Basic Arduino Programming – Tutorial for the Newcomers

LED with Arduino

In this tutorial we learn how to do basic Arduino programming through example codes and sample programs. This tutorial can be an extremely valuable course for all the newcomers who wish to grasp the basics through easy, understandable language. Introduction According to wikipedia a microcontroller is equivalent to a mini computer built inside a single … Read moreLearning Basic Arduino Programming – Tutorial for the Newcomers

How a Relay Works – How to Connect N/O, N/C Pins

In this post we learn comprehensively regarding how relay works in electronic circuits, how to identify its pinouts of any relay through a meter and connect in circuits. Introduction Whether it’s for flashing a lamp, for switching AC motor or for other similar operations, relays are the best in the business. However young electronic enthusiasts … Read moreHow a Relay Works – How to Connect N/O, N/C Pins

Understanding PID Controller

The first successful assessment of PID control theory was practically verified in the field of automatic steering systems for ships, way back around the year 1920. After this it was applied in various industrial automatic process controls requiring optimized and accurate manufacturing output specifications. For manufacturing units PID was popularly implemented for achieving precise pneumatic … Read moreUnderstanding PID Controller

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