Car Power Window Controller Circuit

The article explains a car power window controller circuit using a single push button or a couple of push buttons. The idea was requested by Mr. Win.

The Circuit Request

dear Mr. Swagatem, how are you?
I'm winantiyo from Indonesia, i've read your post in your blog and i'm very like it.

i have 2 project:
1. auto roll up power window for car
2. auto lock trigger by foot brake for car

can u help me for the circuit n schematic?

auto up power window: i want my car window can roll up or roll down automatically with single click on power windows button switch

​..i ever see the auto roll up module with one relay 8pin, 2 transistor n 4 electrolytic capasitors but it has been broken, 1 resistor n 2 diode. but the series of part has been lost.

there are 5 cables: +12V, ground, 1 cable to motor window, 1 cable to switch power window, and 1 cable again to another motor windows cable..here is the pic:

 

 

AUTO LOCK BY FOOT BRAKE:

i want to make my car door can locked automatically when all the door closed, key turn ON and i press my foot brake (+trigger). then the door can automatically unlocked when i turn off the key. i hope u understand my explanation...i'm sorry for my english..thank you very much.

 

The Circuit Design

Window Glass Up/Down Controller using a Single switch

The shown car power window controller circuit basically consists of three stages: a transistor latch which includes a current sensor, a NAND gate based flip flop stage and a relay driver stage for flipping the motor actions alternately.

The indicated lock/unlock switch toggles the flip flop stage made by engaging three NAND gates from the IC 4093, whose output responds with a permanent high and low alternately with every push of the switch.

Electronic Car Power Window Controller Circuit

Parts list

R1, R3, R6, R7 = 100K
R5,R8 = 2M2
R9 = 4K7
C1,C4 = 22uF/25V
C2,C3 = 0.22uF
T1,T3 = BC547
T4= 8050
T2 =8550
RL1,RL2 = 12V/20AMP
ALL DIODES = 1N4007
R10 = TO BE CALCULATED
N1---N3 = IC 4093

This switch also makes sure that the latch section comprising T1 and T2 gets activated in order to allow the supply voltage to reach the remaining part of the circuit.

The output from the flip flop acquired at N2 pin4 is fed to a relay driver stage for activating the power window motor with a forward or a reverse motion depending upon the position of the window glass.

It must be ensured that while connecting the motor the polarity of the wires are set such that a high at pin4 of N2 actuates the window in the closing mode, and vice versa.

The relay is a heavy duty DPDT relay whose N/C, N/O contact connections with the motor enable the motor to carry out the desired to and fro movement.

Normally, reed switches are employed for detecting the completion of the glass up and down movements in order to avoid the motor from getting loaded and destroyed, however here we have a taken a different and a much advanced approach.

In the proposed car power window controller circuit we have employed a current sensor stage in the form of T3, which detects a mounting current across R10 and switches ON itself when the level crosses a set threshold. When T3 switches ON it breaks the T1/T2 latch disconnecting the supply to the motor.

However if a reed switch is incorporated for the above actions, the reed contacts positioned for detecting the up and the down thresholds of the glass may be wired across C1, and T3 stage may be removed entirely. R10 may be replaced with a wire link (see figure below).

 

Using two switches

The above design could be much simplified if two separate push buttons are employed for the up/down operations of the window glass. The simplified power window circuit which incorporates just a few number of BJTs can be witnessed below.

Four of the above circuits will need to be installed on each door of the vehicle for the required power window switching.

Upgrading the Car Power Window

In the above sections we discussed the circuit design of an automatic car power window controller, here we'll learn how it may be enhanced with more features.

The main circuit using a single button, posted in the previous article can be witnessed below for reference purpose.

 

Car Power Window Controller Circuit relay sensor details

Parts list

R1, R3, R6, R7 = 100K
R5,R8 = 2M2
R9 = 4K7
C1,C4 = 22uF/25V
C2,C3 = 0.22uF
T1= BC547
T4= 8050
T2 =8550
RL1,RL2 = 12V/20AMP
ALL DIODES = 1N4007
N1---N4 = IC 4093

Now, as per the suggestion the window operation needs to be locked when all the doors are closed and the key switched in.

The above step could be implemented by adding the following design in conjunction with the above shown power window controller.

 

 

Circuit Description

As can be seen, here we have effectively utilized the idle extra gate N4 from the IC 4093 and configured it with a few resistors and BJTs, for executing the proposed brake switch control feature.

The operations may be understood with the help of the following points:

When all the doors are closed, the relevant door switches also close and ground the positive available at the anodes of all the 1N4148 diodes. This immediately forces the input of N4 to go low due to the presence of the 1M resistor.

The low at the input of N4 renders a high at its output which in turn activates the BJTs, positioned as a switches.

However the BJTs would be still inactive as long as the positive from the key switch is not energized.

As soon as the ignition switch is keyed, the BJTs become functional and locks the motor flip flop stage by feeding a positive across D3 cathode. D3 has been introduced specifically here so that the locking potential affects only the flip flop and not the T1/T2 latch stage.

In the above mode the push button is rendered ineffective such that pressing it produces no effect on the window glasses which stays hard locked.

However the above situation gets restored each time the brakes are applied and held activated. Braking activates the brake switch, causing a positive potential at the input of N4 which in turn produces a zero at its output, switching off the BJTs. The positive at D3 cathode now becomes relieved so that the push button is enabled yet again for the intended window up/down operations.



24 thoughts on “Car Power Window Controller Circuit

  1. Have questions? Please feel free to post them through comments! Comments will be moderated and solved ASAP.
  2. Sir, please help with calculate capacitor value after making a bridge rectifier for simple use like running 12v dc fan or using in modem (transformer as adapter)

    • Ram, it's not a critical factor, anything above 1000uF will serve good, for knowledge sake you can Google the info you'll probably find many sites which will provide you with all the required formulas for the same.

  3. Swadatam,

    Thank you for posting this information.

    My intent is to use this basic circuit to drive two motors on my muscle car which operate exhaust cut out valves. I intend to install a lighted (when valves are open) single push button latching switch in the cabin and the circuit will drive the vales open. Push the button again and unlatch the button and the light goes out and the valves close.

    My question is, how do I adjust the current detection circuit to accomodate two motors?

    Many thanks.

    • Thanks Ivan,

      You can use the first circuit for your need.

      Just eliminate the entire transistor stage along with the RL/2,

      attach two 1000uF/25 capacitor in series with the motor wires (for each motor) making sure that the poles of the capacitor are on the same side, meaning if the positive of the capacitor is connecting the motor then it should be for both the capacitors, or if the negative of the capacitors are going to the motor, then both the negatives should be towards the motor side….

      once the above is done…it's all about pressing the push button for the required actions…

      Two LEDs can be used for the indications, one across positive (+) to N2 output, another from N2 output to ground…both must have a 1K series resistor limiting resistor…

    • you can consider the current which exceeds the normal motor current while it is operating the window….suppose it is 5 amp then you could consider it to be 6 amps or 7 amps and solve the formula.

      alternatively you could try stalling the motor manually and check how much current the motor draws and then use it in the formula.

  4. Hello,

    I am interested to do the circuit with two switches. How do I calculate the value of reed switches.
    Another thing, you can bring an improvement to circuit, when receiving an impulse, negative or positive, from the central locking to close the windows automatically. But for safety reasons, not to act automatically when the car is started.

    Many thanks for your hard work!!!

    • Hello, reed switches does not require any calculation, you can procure any standard type, preferably the smallest in size.

      false triggering can never happen with the above explained circuits due to the presence of C4….you an be rest assured.

      wish you all the best!!

  5. Hello how can I make a car power window controller circuit using one switch with 2 position up and down, without reed switches ?

  6. Hello, but I want your circuit model of Car Power Window Controller Circuit , controlled with a button with two positions, one up and one down.
    And to also have current control on the motors.
    Without reed switches, because they need magnets to be activated.

  7. Thanks for your response.
    And the first circuit, commands the motor as long as the switch is pushed ?
    Or one push give command to roll window motor all the way down or up ?

    • just one push is enough to start the operations, the current control sensor halts the operation when the motor is no longer able to proceed and an over-current is detected.

    • for that you can just connect a DPDT relay with your push switch that’s all, no circuit will be required. wire the relay contacts appropriately with the motors

      for safety you can add a LM338 current control to safeguard the motors

  8. Thanks, but i searched on google about LM338, and it is for 5 amps , and for Golf 4 , window motor takes more maybe 10 amps .
    I need something else.
    Thanks you very much.



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