The post discusses a simple super capacitor hand cranked charger circuit using bridge rectifier which may be applied for charging a bank of super capacitors through any suitable hand cranked generator machine. The idea was requested by Mrs. Janet
Prevent Reverse Discharge in Super Capacitors
I am deeply grateful to God for blessing me with you; for making me discovered your website. For making me discover a selfless Multi-talented Inventor like you.
How blessed I am!!
I for a DIY project bought a 24 V, 25 Farad Super capacitor Module sometimes ago here:
but I need to stop the reverse polarity that always occur whenever I'm charging it with an hand crank 24Vdc generator.
Please Swag, what exact Diode should I use? How do I get the positive and Negative terminals of the Diode in order to solder correctly the Diode to the Super-cap Module?
Please your help is needed Sir.
Thank you in advance.
P.S: please if possible, give me a pictorial guide.
Thank you a Million times.
The Circuit Design
The solution to the proposed super capacitor hand cranked charger circuit is very simple, it's by using a bridge rectifier for the required DC conversion across both the cycles of the AC.
As we all know a bridge rectifier is configured in such a way that the connected diodes become equipped for rectifying an AC through both half cycles applied across it.
The preferred hand cranked alternator device also acts like an AC generator wherein the forward motion of the cranking produces a forward or a positive current while the retracting action in the device does the opposite and develops a negative current across its outputs.
Therefore if the wires of the hand cranked generator or any generator are connected directly with a filter capacitor which is a super capacitor in the present case would charge the capacitors during the first motion and immediately discharge the capacitor during the reverse motion of the cranking, resulting in a net zero charge inside the capacitors.
When a bridge rectifier is connected across such a generator as shown in the diagram, both the positive and the negative currents across its output are appropriately transformed into a single polarity voltage which helps to charge the super capacitors effectively without inflicting any loss across the capacitors.
How to Solder Bridge Rectifier with Super Capacitor
Thank you again for keeping up with your promise.
But please I am sorry, I do not fully comprehend the know-how on how to solder the diode in series as you Pictured it.
What exactly it is that I do not know is how to get the positive and Negative terminals of the Diode in order to solder correctly the Diode to the Super-cap Module?
Also, when I get the positive and negative terminals, will I solder the Positive leg of the Diode to the Positive terminal of the super cap and do the same to the Negative terminals?
Please forgive me for my silly questions.
P.S: In the datasheet I saw Max. Reverse Current:1A and Max. Forward Current:30A
What does this mean?
My Super Capacitor Maximum Output Current is 5A and Voltage is 24V. How many of the Diodes in the above link will I need to solder on to my Super cap?
Is it possible to Simultaneously charge super capacitor and Discharge it? Is such practice safe?
Solving the Circuit Queries
I have attached the diagram in pictorial form, please check it out
The reverse current will matter only in case if the red/black wires are reversed while connecting with the super capacitor.... the capacitors will get damaged if the current in this condition exceeds 1 amp.
The 30 amp suggests the max current tolerance in normal conditions as given in the attached image.
But still it will matter only if the voltage from the generator tends to exceed the max voltage rating of the super capacitor..
if it remains within the capacitors voltage range the forward current tolerance becomes immaterial and may be ignored....so please confirm the generator's maximum voltage, it must not be more than 24 V for the indicated super capacitor module.
The diodes in the bridge could be 1N5408 for ensuring complete safety to the system.
The super capacitor can be charged/discharged at will thousands of times irrespective of any precautions or care.