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MJE13005 Compact 220V Power Supply Circuit

MJE13005 Compact 220V Power Supply Circuit

The following article presents a very simple low current mains operated transformerless power circuit using an inexpensive MJE13005 transistor and few other passive electronic components.

As can be witnessed in the given circuit diagram, the design is extremely straightforward.

How it Works

Transistor T1, which is a high voltage NPN transistor MJE13005 forms the main active component in the circuit.

Rest of the components are positioned just for supporting the conduction of T1 and for the required stabilization.



The circuit can be understood with the following points:

Mains input is fed across D2 and the negative line of the circuit.

D2 rectifies the mains AC, while C1 filters to some reasonable levels.

R1 drops the current to tolerable limits in order to provide the required base bias for T1.

C2 provides further filtration to the voltage generated after R1.

D1 clamps the base voltage at the base of T1 to 24V, such that the maximum output voltage can never exceed this limit.

A mirror voltage which is always equal to the zener value is generated at the output, however the presence of R2 enables the response to become variable.

The adjustments made through R2 effectively varies the zener voltage right from zero to the maximum value, that is up to 24V.

Thus the obtained output becomes variable from zero to 24V.

However since the voltage is acquired across the emitter/ ground of the transistor, the current gets restricted to very modest levels, at 25mA to be precise.

The zener voltage though may be increased to any desired limits.

WARNING: THE WHOLE CIRCUIT IS NOT ISOLATED FROM MAINS AC, THEREFORE IS EXTREMELY DANGEROUS TO TOUCH WHILE IT'S UNCOVERED, AND POWERED CONDITION

Parts List

R1 = 100k
R2 = 10K POT
C1 = 4.7uF/300V
C2 = 10uF/100v
C3,C4 = 100uF/30V
D1 = 24V, 1WATT, ZENER DIODE
D2 = 1N4007
T1 = MJE13005

SHARING IS CARING!


About the Author

I am an electronic engineer (dipIETE ), hobbyist, inventor, schematic/PCB designer, manufacturer. I am also the founder of the website: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/, where I love sharing my innovative circuit ideas and tutorials. If you have any circuit related query, you may interact through comments, I'll be most happy to help!



52 thoughts on “MJE13005 Compact 220V Power Supply Circuit”


  1. Howdy, Friend! Interested to Learn Circuit Designing? Let's Start Discussing below!
  2. thank you, i will do as you said
    please explain what you mean by isolated from main input ,i know i’m asking too much sir.

    • it means AC 220V will be floating across the whole circuit and may produce a lethal shock if touched in switched ON condition

  3. sir, what i’m intended doing is to use this circuit to set low battery cut and full charger cut off for one of your charger I’m yet to build . I hope is clear now, but you have not responded concerning the video I sent to your mail. God bless u for your response so far

    • Youngking, Please do not use the above circuit, instead try the last circuit from this article:

      https://www.homemade-circuits.com/1-watt-led-emergency-lamp-circuit-using/

      ignore the 8550 transistor, the LED, and the 1N4007 diode, and use the output which is available across the 1K resistor.

      Do not use 2uF at the input instead use a 0.33uF/400V

      Remember all these circuits are extremely dangerous since these are not isolated from mains input, proceed at your own risk.

      Regarding designing a transformer I am sorry, I cannot suggest much, because I have no experience with practical transformer designing, whatever I have published here are all referred from other sites or magazines.

  4. good day sir, sir what i mean is concerning your twin/split charger that has change over which require variable power supply circuit to set the low battery cut off and fully charge cut off. now my question is as follows
    1.can i use this transformerless variable power supply circuit to set this charger.
    2.what component can i use to monitor this circuit when varing from 0-24v.
    pls i’m waiting for your response
    thanks

    • Youngking, do you mean to say you only want to power the IC circuit with the transformerless power supply and charge the battery from an external source through the relays?? I am not sure what you are trying to suggest? please clarify elaborately

  5. Good day sir ,I want to construct 1000watts inverter transformer the out put is the primary 220v and the input is 12v which is the secondary side. I want u to check if my calculations are correct
    1000/12= 84amps
    Secondary current 84
    Secondary volt =12-0-12 equal to 24volt
    Primary volt= 220v output
    Output frequency=50hz
    Finding the core area- 1.152*√24* 84=387
    Calculating turns per volt= 1/(4.44*〖10〗^(-4)**387*1.3*50)=8.92
    8.92 is my turns per volts
    Number of turns for primary– 8.92*220= 1962.4
    Number of turns for secondary – 8.92*24=214.08
    Pls sir I will appreciate if you clear me on this.
    Thanks GOD bless you

    • Youngking,

      If you have put the formulas correctly then it should be correct, I don’t remember the formulas so it would be difficult for me to confirm the results.

  6. sir can this circuit be using to set your twin/split charger if not what are the modification. i’m waiting for ur response thanks

  7. Hi Swag
    I have a question on the circuit diagram, if we measure between collector and ground we should get rectified mains, not so? The zener diode only affects the base of T1. If that is correct wouldn’t we expect mains voltage at the output once the base is forward biased?

    • Hi Sidingilizwe, the collector ground voltage will be apulsating DC at around 300V if the filter capacitor is good.

      The zener diode forces the transistor to allow only around 24V DC at its emitter side which is turned into pure DC due to the presence of C4.

  8. Sir, i knew i'll get electric shock if i touch this circuit. Would you like to suggest me how to make this circuit with transformer? Thanks

  9. Hello sir,
    I read all comments , and in several post, some ask you if it is possible to increase output current .
    Your answer was NO ! , just because of non isolated circuit design. (Very dangerous)
    Now, my search is about 5V – 250mA output, but also i don't need to be isolated. ( full non touch possible , sorry i don't know how translate)
    I look lnk306, viper22a , etc , but not really cheap, and hard to get full work well.
    So can you help me , or drive me to a way to get what i wish.
    Thanks
    Best regards.

  10. Hello,
    I'm sure you know this is very late asking a question regarding your design. Hopefully you will read this.
    I see your parts list, but can you give values for the wattage for…. R1. Will this need adjustment in case of modifying the output, I've, if output is required at 12v, will RI wattage be different?

    Many thanks

    Rich

    • Hello, R1 is 1/4 watt rated..it's not recommended to adjust its value because lowering it can damage the transistor.

  11. Hello,
    One question regarding your schematic : would it work with only the phase 220VAC line and no neutral.
    I'm working on a power supply for a small radio module to controle light switch. behind the light switch I don't have the neutral line.

    • Bro I won't recommended this circuit for SMD because SMDs are costly and we require foolproof design, so better go for a 12V SMPS adapter available readymade.

    • Dear Bharani,

      According to me an SMPS would be the correct option choice for driving a high watt LED.

      you can easily procure a readymade 24/1amp smps unit ad power your LED through

      it….smps amp is not crucial as long as the voltage does not exceed above the led specs.

    • Avik, you can use the above circuit and add an overboard transistor across the existing mje13005 for boosting current to the required levels.
      I'll try to update it soon here.

    • For charging batteries you will have to employ an smps circuit, other forms won't be safe as these may not be isolated from mains AC and also not capable of producing higher current outputs.

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