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Automatic PWM Door Open/Close Controller Circuit

Automatic PWM Door Open/Close Controller Circuit

The post explains a simple PWM controlled automatic turnstile or door circuit featuring an automatic open/close action via a photo-interrupter stage. The idea was requested by Mr. Bruce Clark.

Technical Specifications

Thank you for a really fantastic service you provide.

Would you please be so kind as to help me with a modification of the your circuit at:

I would like to use an arduino PWM to control a 12Vdc gate control motor ( will draw 9amps at startup) using MJ11015G power transistors.

My dilemma lies in the requirements to supply sufficient power to the transistors base and the associated circuit modifications within the limitations of the arduino Uno. It is my very limited understanding that the inverting gates would not be even nearly sufficient for this application.

I know that the limit of the Arduino is 40mA per output pin. If I were to apply a PWM output through a 120 Ohm resistor directly to the base of these transistors would I be okay? If not please advise an alternative.

Basically, I wish to use the motor for a turnstile or automatic door and as such need the dead stop and reverse functionality. A photointerrupter will be used to determine position of door and induce a brief halt and then reversal to initial position where it will be indexed via a sensor.

The door can be rather heavy and space is very limited so I plan to drive the door using the motor mentioned through a reduction gearbox.

Your help would be most sincerely appreciated

Kind regards
Bruce Clark

The Design

A very simple PWM based motor control circuit with high torque and instant stop/reversal feature can be witnessed in the given diagram and may be used for operating the proposed turnstile or automatic door application.

The PWM Schematic

If an Arduino based PWM is intended to be used, the IC stage in the above diagram could be removed and the PWM from the Arduino could be applied directly at the base of the mosfet via a 10 ohm resistor as shown below

The Relay Driver DPDT

Parts List

R1 = 10K

R2 = 47 OHMS

P1 = 100K POT

D1, D2 = 1N4148

D3 = MUR1560

C1,C2 = 0.1uF/100V

Z1 = 15V, 1/2 WATT

Q1 = IRF540

N1---N6 = IC MM74C14


Circuit Operation

The first circuit above, which is  not using an Arduino input is configured around 6 hex-inverter Schmidt NOT gates from the IC MM74C14, where N1 forms the fundamental rectangular wave pulse generator, N2 is used for detecting the duty cycle of the pulses generated by N1 via the pot P1, while the remaining gates are wired as buffers.

P1 is used for determining the speed at which the door is supposed to open and close automatically.

The final PWM output achieved from the outputs of the buffers N3 to N6 is applied to a driver mosfet Q1 which becomes responsible for controlling the speed of the attached motor depending upon the fed PWM data.

A DPDT switch can be seen rigged with the motor terminals and the mosfet, this switch is used for acquiring an instant braking and reversal of motor rotation.

The good thing about this circuit is that it does depend on a H-bridge driver configuration for achieving the motor flipping actions, rather the same is implemented by the use of an ordinary DPDT switch.

As per the request, for executing the automatic door opening and closing via photo sensitive device, the DPDT could be replaced with a DPDT relay and the coil of this relay could be in turn controlled through the intended photo sensitive device (photo-interrupter) such as a photo diode or an LDR.

The photo interrupter stage will be updated soon.


About the Author

I am an electronic engineer (dipIETE ), hobbyist, inventor, schematic/PCB designer, manufacturer. I am also the founder of the website: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/, where I love sharing my innovative circuit ideas and tutorials. If you have any circuit related query, you may interact through comments, I'll be most happy to help!

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