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High Current Solar Battery Charger Circuit – 25 Amps

High Current Solar Battery Charger Circuit – 25 Amps

This circuit is capable of providing as high as 25 Amps of current at any specified voltage between 1.25 V to  30V as per the adjustment of the given pot. The current is constant irrespective of the voltage settings. The circuit can be used for charging batteries in range of 50 to 200 AH.

How it Works

The figure below shows a straightforward design of a simple high current solar battery charger power supply circuit which would generate a constant 25 amps of current from any source which is able to generate currents in excess of 25 amps and at 32 volts maximum.

We know that the IC LM338 is specified with a maximum of 5 amp current, the IC restricts anything above this limit.
By connecting 5 of these ICs in parallel it thus becomes possible to generate a current output of about 25 amps. The great thing about using these ICs is that, these devices are internally protected from thermal runaway situations and short circuit or overload conditions.

It means the present circuit automatically becomes safe from such adverse parameters and thus becomes completely indestructible given the input is not exceeded above 32 volts.

However the ICs cannot be directly connected in parallel, because that would cause a difference in the voltages at the output from each of the ICs which in turn would cause an imbalance between the IC dissipation, this wouldn't be good for the overall functioning of the circuit.

Therefore the additional components in the form of the opamp and the transistor have been included in the circuit which controls and maintains a constant voltage output from all the ICs keeping the situation well under control.

high current solar battery charger circuit
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About the Author

I am an electronic engineer (dipIETE ), hobbyist, inventor, schematic/PCB designer, manufacturer. I am also the founder of the website: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/, where I love sharing my innovative circuit ideas and tutorials. If you have any circuit related query, you may interact through comments, I'll be most happy to help!






14 thoughts on “High Current Solar Battery Charger Circuit – 25 Amps”

  1. HELLO AGAIN LONG TIME FOLLOWER OF YOUR BLOG I HAVE BUILT MANY OF YOUR CIRCUITS THIS IS MY PROBLEM I HAVE A 12V LITE THAT I LIKE VERY MUCH BUT IT HAS AN INCANDESCENT BULB AND AS YOU KNOW THOSE BULBS ARE A THING OF THE PAST. COULD YOU DESIGN A SOFT START CIRCUIT TO PROLONG THE LIFE OF THE TWO BULBS I HAVE . THANKS SO VERY MUCH

  2. pls send the 1a , 5a and 10a charger circuit for solar panels. i have tried with so many circuit but i am not getting exact output from that please send detailed circuit for solar charger with charging, battery low and battery full indications

  3. Hello Sir,
    Sometimes the electricity can be unstable at times. But will need stable voltage to charge batteries so is it possible to have constant voltage and at the same time have a desirable constant current range depending on how many batteries I want to charge.
    Basically if i have 3 (12v)batteries and I want to charge just one of them, I want to be able to selext the charging current and voltage. Then if I want to charge two batteries connected in series to give 24v then I want to selxt charge current and voltage too.
    Kind of like a flexible charger.
    I don't mind how many IC I have to buy but is IR doable.

  4. Hi Swagatam,

    Thanks. Can i use 2-3panels in parallel with this circuit to get 16-24 amp. Or can i add the fourth one too for getting close to 32 amp peak and generally around 20-28 during most day.

    Regards
    Gopal

  5. Hi Swagatham,

    I want to use the above circuit, however the Solar panels have rated voltage as 30.04 and are generally recording about 31-32.5 Volts/8 Amp when placed in Sun, will I be able to use this circuit for charging 150AH batteries.

    Gopal

    • Hi Gopal,

      The above circuit will be able to handle upto 25amps, so according to me you can use it for charging a 150AH battery easily with the mentioned solar panel, but 8amps won't be sufficient and make the process very slow

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