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Automatic Inverter Fan Switch ON while Charging and Inverting Modes

Automatic Inverter Fan Switch ON while Charging and Inverting Modes

The post explains a simple method of automatically switching ON an inverter fan whenever the unit is operating in the charging mode or inverter mode, in order to ensure optimum cooling of the internal power devices. The idea was requested by Mr. Sudip Bepary.

Circuit Objectives and Requirements

  1. I have just bought a new sine wave ups card (850va) (pic16f72)... It's working good.But, this board does not have cooling fan terminal.
  2. My transformer and Mosfet is getting hot at the condition of inverting and charging.
  3. So, please respond me with proper guide to connect DC cooling in this board to which the fan can on at time of charging and inverting.
  4. Please, please, please help me from this problem.

The Design

The requested idea for an automatic inverter fan switch ON circuit while the inverter is in the inverting mode or charging mode can be implemented using the following explained concept:


Automatic Inverter Fan Switch ON while Charging and Inverting Modes

As can be seen in the figure, the negative of the battery is connected with a series Rx resistor such that any current whether from the charger or from the inverter passes through this resistor during the irrespective operations.

This implies that during any of the operations the resistor Rx is able to generate a proportionate amount of potential drop across itself enabling the connected sensing circuit to respond to this developed voltage.

A bridge rectifier can also be seen connected across Rx to ensure that it always produces a single polarity voltage regardless of the polarity of the current that may be passing through Rx.

For example while charging the battery the current polarity could be the opposite compared to the inverting mode polarity, however the bridge rectifier corrects both the possibilities and offers a single polarity output for the next stage which is an opto coupler stage.

The optocoupler LED lights up whenever the battery is operated by some method and this is instantly converted into a triggering voltage for the BJT 2N2222 associated with the optocoupler transistor.

The 2N2222 along with the opto transistor is configured in a Darlington mode to ensure a high gain for the BJT pairs which in turn makes sure that the Rx value can be selected to be as small as possible, thereby allowing minimum resistance for the inverter operations.

As soon as the 2N2222 conducts it turn ON the connected fan which begins cooling the vital devices of the inverter and makes sure that they are never hot and vulnerable during the charging process or while the inverter is in the inverting mode.

Calculating the Current Limiter Resistor

The Rx value may be selected with some trial and error. The LED could be expected to illuminate just slightly at around 0.7V, therefore the formula for calculating Rx can be expressed as

R = V/I = 0.7/I

I (current0) could be selected to be 50% of the calculated charging current, since at this current the power devices could be expected to be just getting warm.

Let's assume if the charging current is 10 amps, then the formula could be handled in the following manner

R = 0.7/5 =  0.14 ohms

Similarly other proportionate values of Rx could be calculated for successfully initiating the proposed automatic inverter fan switch ON during charging and inverting mode of the unit.


About the Author

I am an electronic engineer (dipIETE ), hobbyist, inventor, schematic/PCB designer, manufacturer. I am also the founder of the website: https://www.homemade-circuits.com/, where I love sharing my innovative circuit ideas and tutorials. If you have any circuit related query, you may interact through comments, I'll be most happy to help!

16 thoughts on “Automatic Inverter Fan Switch ON while Charging and Inverting Modes”

  1. Hi sir, I really appreciate you good Job here God bless you, please sir I need a high and low voltage cutoff circuit for my 24v inverter system.

  2. Good day,

    I want to use some fets as a switch but I only want to pass +5v through the fet.

    Ill be using the arduino to do analog wirte to the pwm pins but i need a stable voltage from each pin, so I wanted to send a pwm signal from the arduino pins to the gate of some fets and and send a 5v from a power supply to the drain of each fet and then use the source of the fet to pass the switch +5v to the device, is anything wrong with that concept?

    • It is possible but not by applying 5V to the FET gates from Arduino directly. Instead you can use buffer gates between the Arduino pins and the fet gates. This buffer IC must be operated with 12V so that the output to the fet gates are also 12V.
      The buffer IC could be a CD4010B

  3. Good day, God bles u for your generosity for the whole world. I am new in inverter building. My problem is the charging. I want to build charger for 12v 200w battery. I also dont know how to connect relay. Pls, can you give me charger circuit for 12v 200w battery and explain to me how to connect relay? Thanks and God bless.

  4. Thanks for the prompt reply sir, but what could possibly be the reason for the inverter total breakdown, since I can only identify one MOSFET to be bad, plz I need your advice

    • The issue can be diagnosed only after replacing the blown mosfet with a new one, you may have to investigate deeper to identify if there are any additional hidden issues like a blown fuse or a burnt resistor etc

  5. Hi swagtam, I must confess you are doing really a great job here, plz am having no power issues in my mikrotek1100va sinewave inverter it doesn't power ON, whenever I connect battery terminals the fan begins working, if I try switching the inverter ON only the display in the switch button lights, so while troubleshooting I found a MOSFET(p80nf55) faulty and I can't find the exact part to be replaced, my first question is; is it proper to replaced only the faulty mosfet with Irf1407? Secondly can only that cause the total breakdown of the inverter? Thanks you

    • Thanks very much Salisu,

      yes it is possible to replace a faulty mosfet with a near equivalent, and there's no harm in doing this.
      If many mosfets are connected in parallel and if one breaks that won't cause a total breakdown rather an imbalance across the mosfets in terms of heat dissipation but the inverter will carry on and power the appliances normally… until gradually other mosfets also blow off and then the whole inverter will totally breakdown..

  6. the 220V appliance connected to the inverter solely forms the load on the battery….the battery cannot be loaded in any other way….except while charging

  7. Hello, you forgot the approx. 1.2V lost in the diodes bridge, which gives 1.8V to start lighting the opto led, so R=1.8/I, instead of 0.14ohm (3.5W min., 14W max.) we'll have 0.36ohm with a power of minimum 0.36x5x5=9W and max. 36W. But anyway, whatever could be connected to the battery and needs a certain amount of intensity will start the fan. For myself, I would let the fan in parallel with the load, that's it ! Cheers

    • OK no issues you can substitute the 0.7 figure with 1.8.

      the load could be an 220V AC rated while the fan is only 12V rated, and is supposed to use the battery power so that it can be fixed inside the inverter itself.

      the calculated value of Rx makes sure that the fan starts only when the load is sufficiently large to make the devices hot…

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