Cheapest SMPS Circuit Using MJE13005

The explained circuit in this article is probably the simplest and the cheapest, since it employs minimum number of components and the making of the circuit is very straightforward.


Generally SMPS topology involves some fixed standard stages and criteria. Thgey may be listed in the following manner:

The first stage which is the input stage incorporates an obvious mains rectifiers stage, followed a few important protection components.
The above protection components may be in the form of an MOV , or an NTC or both of these for suppressing high voltage transients.

The next stage involves a mosfet based IC in conjunction with the primary of a small transformer for generating the required oscillations.

The IC is normally a state-of -the-art chip having many in built features and abilities.

Further on the secondary of the transformer is clamped with the mosfet IC through a optocoupler which takes the responsibility of controlling the output voltage to a predetermined fixed level.

However the proposed circuit of a cheapest SMPS circuit is rather free from all these complications and employs a very simple configuration.

The input does not involve any protection, which is rather replaced with the snubber network around the transistor. Moreover the rugged MJE13055 is assumably strong enough to take on most the situations.

The two winding on the primary side are so arranged that on switch ON the circuit immediately starts oscillating at around 100 kHz.
The secondary winding typically decides the output voltage and here no optos or zeners are introduced for the sake of simplicity.

Having said that, the circuit  may be considered quite crude and therefore in some way might be vulnerable at some point of time in the long run.




Here's another identical  simple 220V SMPS circuit design you would like to investigate:


Share this

Related Posts

Previous
Next Post »

40 comments

comments
Anonymous
June 1, 2012 at 9:22 PM delete

Hi Swagatam,

can you list all the components? its hard to read in the circuit diagram.

thanks and regards,

Reply
avatar
June 2, 2012 at 1:43 PM delete

Hi,

I have updated the diagram, please check it.

Regards.

Reply
avatar
Anonymous
June 3, 2012 at 7:38 PM delete

Hi,

Thanks a lot. Now it is clear.

Regards,

Reply
avatar
Anonymous
June 16, 2012 at 8:37 PM delete

Very interesting circuit idea for hobbyists! thanks in advance!
I want to know some things--
1) Output power rating of this circuit- how much mA or Amps ??
2) please specify the details of the transformer- winding details?? can it be home made with a ferrite rod or torroid ferrite core? plz plz give the wire details!
3)how much stable this circuit with voltage surge/fluctuations? input voltage range??
4) can the same circuit design be made with low current Transistors like 13001/13002 etc for making low wattage/power charger or dc power supply?
5) in place of diode 5402, can two or more IN4007 may be used in parallel?

Reply
avatar
June 17, 2012 at 8:22 PM delete

Thanks!
The circuit was taken from some other website, I don't remember the exact location...roughly I can say the following:
1)Power will depend on the SWG of the sec winding, and the inductor size, but cannot exceed above 2amps.
2)I cannot say about the transformer winding detail, you may consult a professional coil maker. The inductor definitely needs to be done over Etype cores.
3)This circuit is crude, so cannot guarantee regarding output standards.
4)13001, 13002 can be used.
5)1N5402 is more safe and a better option than two 1N4007s

Reply
avatar
Anonymous
December 30, 2012 at 3:02 PM delete

Thanks for the circuit. But it lacked a rectifier Capacitor at the output of the diode bridge.

Quoc Dang

Reply
avatar
December 30, 2012 at 9:51 PM delete

Thanks, yes you may add it for better response. A 10uF/450V will do.

Reply
avatar
Anonymous
January 6, 2013 at 5:17 PM delete

Is it possible to make the transformer without a core???

Reply
avatar
January 7, 2013 at 6:32 PM delete

please explain the working of this circuit @Swagatam Majumdar

Reply
avatar
January 7, 2013 at 9:51 PM delete

I have explained it in the article roughly.

Reply
avatar
January 28, 2013 at 4:23 AM delete

Hi!Thank You for this,it is really simple!Do You maybe know some other SMPS with bipolar transistors?I have a lot of bipolar switching NPN transistors (BLD128,D13009...) and i would love to use them and make SMPS.Most of circuit i find use MOSFET and/or IC.Please help me if You can.Thank You and all best!

Reply
avatar
January 28, 2013 at 1:32 PM delete

Hi! thanks!

Presently I do not have a suitable circuit as per your requirement. if i find one will surely update it her for you...

Reply
avatar
Anonymous
February 20, 2013 at 7:52 PM delete

I have constructed the circuit.checked well. unfortunately MJE 13005 is heated up heavily. No output is detected.

Reply
avatar
February 20, 2013 at 9:35 PM delete

The transformer is a critical part in the circuit, it might need modifications or corrections.

Reply
avatar
April 26, 2013 at 7:08 PM delete

Hey Guy!
Which is the power for the 47 Ohnms resistor?
Thx!

Reply
avatar
June 3, 2013 at 1:52 PM delete

Dear Sir,

i am working on the 15V SMPS design, as i am interested inyour design Ckt so wanna make 15V SMPS on the same.kindly let me know how can we increase the Output voltage & current on this design as per my requirement.

Reply
avatar
June 3, 2013 at 8:20 PM delete

Dear Ashu,

Normally by increasing the number of secondary turns results in a proportionate increase in the output voltage, while increasing the thickness of the wire results in an increase in current.

It's better to use parallel connected wire of two or three instead of using a single thicker wire, for increasing current.

Reply
avatar
Anonymous
August 8, 2013 at 9:48 AM delete

Hi sir

How make the transformer which you above explained.

Thanks
Kumar

Reply
avatar
August 8, 2013 at 9:29 PM delete

Hi Kumar,
I am sorry, I don't have the exact specifications for the transformer

Reply
avatar
September 20, 2013 at 11:53 AM delete

In this circuit Please tell me which Component you used for high frequency switching?

Reply
avatar
September 20, 2013 at 5:59 PM delete

the transistor and the associated components.

Reply
avatar
December 9, 2013 at 1:31 PM delete

don't use 1N series at the output such diodes used for Low frequency rectification....u have to use fast recovery diode like UF5402(ultra fast diodes)...switching frequency of smps is in terms of kHz..mail me if you want efficient and cheap smps circuit design using BJT and mosfets..arspc8@gmail.com

Reply
avatar
April 3, 2014 at 12:15 PM delete

can you explain the working please... i thought that the reservoir cap shud be between the ground and vcc of the primary.(hi voltage section i mean).. but here its btween the vcc and the transistor... :/

Reply
avatar
April 4, 2014 at 1:03 PM delete

a filter capacitor may be added after the bridge, the capacitor you are referring to has a different function and is also crucial.

Reply
avatar
June 20, 2014 at 11:07 PM delete

sir i want 24 volt 1 amp ckt in above ckt some suggestion plz..
thnks

Reply
avatar
June 21, 2014 at 11:05 AM delete

Khodal, the above designs are not confirmed ones, instead you can try the following , but you will need to make a PCB for this:

http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2013/10/12v-24v-1-amp-mosfet-smps-circuit.html

Reply
avatar
March 9, 2015 at 11:18 PM delete

Hi,regards.i m designing a 5v 1amp smps can u pls help me to get some idea.i want to charge samsung phone.i opened a samsung charger it consist of 13003 transistor and one 5 pin smd very small part to drive 13003.it marked rf27.in another charger it marked in30 and another one marked in70.can u pls help me to make a fast charger

Reply
avatar
March 10, 2015 at 5:18 PM delete

Hi, I could not find any info regarding the devices in30, in70, so can't suggest much, rather you could try the following design for getting identical results:

http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2014/02/220v-smps-cell-phone-charger-circuit.html

Reply
avatar
May 2, 2015 at 8:35 AM delete

Hello sir,

I hav noticed the 2nd schema, that it has a bridge rectifier both in input and output, it is in wrong configuration, and also in the collector of the transistor, the diode is reversed biased. Therefore this circuit wont work,

Sorry, just trying to help.

Reply
avatar
May 2, 2015 at 1:49 PM delete

Hello khema, thanks for pointing it out, both the circuits were taken from some other site, these are not verified by me....yes the bridge configuration looks in the opposite direction for the second diagram, not sure why it's been configured in that way, I found it in one of the forums.

Reply
avatar
September 18, 2015 at 4:03 PM delete

can you please give me the detail of transformer

Reply
avatar
September 18, 2015 at 4:04 PM delete

can you please give the detail of transformer winding.

Reply
avatar
September 18, 2015 at 5:45 PM delete

you can make it with the help of the inductance values given in the diagram...

Reply
avatar
November 18, 2015 at 4:44 PM delete

Hi I am Khurram Mateen kindly send me winding data

Reply
avatar
December 15, 2015 at 10:33 PM delete

Sir, i want to make smps with +12V, gnd & -12V. Is that possible? & if so, how to build the circuit? Plz provide me the circuit diagram...

Regards,
Mandar

Reply
avatar
December 16, 2015 at 7:05 PM delete

Mandar, you can try extracting a center tap out from the secondary winding and get the required dual voltages .

Reply
avatar

Readers are requested not to include external links while commenting. For consulting a diagram, upload it on Google Drive and provide the link here.