As can be seen in the figure, a high voltage transistor BF458 is used as the main load handling device.
Its base bias is controlled by another high voltage transistor BF337 whose emitter is clamped to a stable 24 volts.
An FET is used for selecting the base current of the transistor BF337 via a pot of 1M.
This setting adjusts the base current for the BF337 which in turn restricts the main transistor BF458s voltage and current flow to the output.
The input to the circuit may be derived directly from the mains AC after proper rectification and filtration using a bridge network and a 10u/400V capacitor.