This SMPS DC cell phone charger circuit explained here utilizes a switched buck converter principle which enables circuit to charge a cell phone with great efficiency.
How the Circuit Works
In one of my previous posts we learned about the versatile voltage regulator IC LM2575 from TEXAS INSTRUMENTS.
As can be seen, the diagram hardly utilizes any external components for making the circuit functional.
A couple of capacitors a schottky diode and an inductor of all that is needed to make this DC to DC cell phone charger circuit.
The output generates an accurate 5 volts which becomes very much suitable for charging a cell phone.
The input voltage has a wide range, right from 7V to 60V, any level ma be applied which results the required 5 volts at the output.
The inductor is introduced specifically for obtaining a pulsed output at around 52 kHz.
Half of the energy from the inductor is used back for charging the cell phone ensuring that the IC remains switched only for half the charging cycle period.
This keeps the IC cool and keeps it effectively in working even without using a heatsink.
This ensures power saving as well as efficient functioning of the entire unit for the intended application.
The input may be derived from any DC source like an automobile battery.