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2.4 GHz 10 Channel Remote Control Switch

In this post we are going to construct a 10 channel remote control switch based on ISM (industrial, Scientific and Medical) band.


By Girish Radhakrishnan

The ISM band is operated at 2.4 GHz, which can be used without licensing with reasonable power output.

The proposed project is general purpose ON/OFF wireless switch, which can be utilized to turn ON/OFF Lights, fans, home appliances to home automation if are confident enough to bring hardware or software alterations to this project.

The project is divided into two parts: The remote and the receiver.

The Remote Controller:

The remote controller consists of 10 push buttons for controlling 10 individual relays at the receiver. The remote is operated by 9V battery which makes it portable.

The Heart of the project of is 2.4 GHz transceiver module NRF24L01 which makes the communication between two Arduinos possible.

The Remote sports an acknowledgement LED.

The acknowledgement LED will light up momentarily every time when we press a button on the remote and only if the transmitted signal is received by the receiver and then the receiver send a feedback signal back to remote to trigger the LED.

This process will ensure the remote controller’s ON/OFF command is reached its destination with visual confirmation.

An ON/OFF switch is provided in remote controller’s circuit for preventing from excess energy loss while at idle.

Arduino Nano or Arduino Pro-mini is recommended for constructing the remote as it is in a smaller form factor which makes portable.

Circuit Diagram:


2.4 GHz 10 Channel Remote Control Switch


The above is the complete circuit diagram for the remote controller. The pin connection diagram for NRF24L01 is also given in the same schematic.

Turn off the remote when you are done.

Please download the library file here: https://github.com/nRF24/RF24.git

Program for Remote:

//-----Program Developed by R.Girish----//

#include <RF24.h>
#include<SPI.h>
RF24 radio(9,10);
const byte address[][6] = {"00001", "00002"};
const int ip1 = 2;
const int ip2 = 3;
const int ip3 = 4;
const int ip4 = 5;
const int ip5 = 6;
const int ip6 = 7;
const int ip7 = 8;
const int ip8 = A0;
const int ip9 = A1;
const int ip10 = A2;
const int buzzer = A3;
char buzzchar[32] = "";
const char constbuzzer[32] = "buzz";
const char button1[32] = "activate_1";
const char button2[32] = "activate_2";
const char button3[32] = "activate_3";
const char button4[32] = "activate_4";
const char button5[32] = "activate_5";
const char button6[32] = "activate_6";
const char button7[32] = "activate_7";
const char button8[32] = "activate_8";
const char button9[32] = "activate_9";
const char button10[32] = "activate_10";
void setup()
{
pinMode(ip1, INPUT);
pinMode(ip2, INPUT);
pinMode(ip3, INPUT);
pinMode(ip4, INPUT);
pinMode(ip5, INPUT);
pinMode(ip6, INPUT);
pinMode(ip7, INPUT);
pinMode(ip8, INPUT);
pinMode(ip9, INPUT);
pinMode(ip10, INPUT);
pinMode(buzzer, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(ip1, HIGH);
digitalWrite(ip2, HIGH);
digitalWrite(ip3, HIGH);
digitalWrite(ip4, HIGH);
digitalWrite(ip5, HIGH);
digitalWrite(ip6, HIGH);
digitalWrite(ip7, HIGH);
digitalWrite(ip8, HIGH);
digitalWrite(ip9, HIGH);
digitalWrite(ip10, HIGH);
radio.begin();
radio.openWritingPipe(address[1]);
radio.openReadingPipe(1, address[0]);
radio.setChannel(100);
radio.setDataRate(RF24_250KBPS);
radio.setPALevel(RF24_PA_MAX);
radio.stopListening();
}
void loop()
{
  if(digitalRead(ip1) == LOW)
  {
  radio.write(&button1, sizeof(button1));
  radio.startListening();
  while(!radio.available());
  radio.read(&buzzchar, sizeof(buzzchar));
  if(strcmp(buzzchar,constbuzzer) == 0)
  {
    digitalWrite(buzzer, HIGH);
    delay(500);
    digitalWrite(buzzer,LOW);
  }
  radio.stopListening();
  }
if(digitalRead(ip2) == LOW)
  {
  radio.write(&button2, sizeof(button2));
  radio.startListening();
  while(!radio.available());
  radio.read(&buzzchar, sizeof(buzzchar));
  if(strcmp(buzzchar,constbuzzer) == 0)
  {
    digitalWrite(buzzer, HIGH);
    delay(500);
    digitalWrite(buzzer,LOW);
  }
  radio.stopListening();
  }
if(digitalRead(ip3) == LOW)
  {
  radio.write(&button3, sizeof(button3));
  radio.startListening();
  while(!radio.available());
  radio.read(&buzzchar, sizeof(buzzchar));
  if(strcmp(buzzchar,constbuzzer) == 0)
  {
    digitalWrite(buzzer, HIGH);
    delay(500);
    digitalWrite(buzzer,LOW);
  }
  radio.stopListening();
  }
if(digitalRead(ip4) == LOW)
  {
  radio.write(&button4, sizeof(button4));
  radio.startListening();
  while(!radio.available());
  radio.read(&buzzchar, sizeof(buzzchar));
  if(strcmp(buzzchar,constbuzzer) == 0)
  {
    digitalWrite(buzzer, HIGH);
    delay(500);
    digitalWrite(buzzer,LOW);
  }
  radio.stopListening();
  }
if(digitalRead(ip5) == LOW)
  {
  radio.write(&button5, sizeof(button5));
  radio.startListening();
  while(!radio.available());
  radio.read(&buzzchar, sizeof(buzzchar));
  if(strcmp(buzzchar,constbuzzer) == 0)
  {
    digitalWrite(buzzer, HIGH);
    delay(500);
    digitalWrite(buzzer,LOW);
  }
  radio.stopListening();
  }
if(digitalRead(ip6) == LOW)
  {
  radio.write(&button6, sizeof(button6));
  radio.startListening();
  while(!radio.available());
  radio.read(&buzzchar, sizeof(buzzchar));
  if(strcmp(buzzchar,constbuzzer) == 0)
  {
    digitalWrite(buzzer, HIGH);
    delay(500);
    digitalWrite(buzzer,LOW);
  }
  radio.stopListening();
}
if(digitalRead(ip7) == LOW)
  {
  radio.write(&button7, sizeof(button7));
  radio.startListening();
  while(!radio.available());
  radio.read(&buzzchar, sizeof(buzzchar));
  if(strcmp(buzzchar,constbuzzer) == 0)
  {
    digitalWrite(buzzer, HIGH);
    delay(500);
    digitalWrite(buzzer,LOW);
  }
  radio.stopListening();
  }
if(digitalRead(ip8) == LOW)
  {
  radio.write(&button8, sizeof(button8));
  radio.startListening();
  while(!radio.available());
  radio.read(&buzzchar, sizeof(buzzchar));
  if(strcmp(buzzchar,constbuzzer) == 0)
  {
    digitalWrite(buzzer, HIGH);
    delay(500);
    digitalWrite(buzzer,LOW);
  }
  radio.stopListening();
  }
if(digitalRead(ip9) == LOW)
  {
  radio.write(&button9, sizeof(button9));
  radio.startListening();
  while(!radio.available());
  radio.read(&buzzchar, sizeof(buzzchar));
  if(strcmp(buzzchar,constbuzzer) == 0)
  {
    digitalWrite(buzzer, HIGH);
    delay(500);
    digitalWrite(buzzer,LOW);
  }
  radio.stopListening();
  }
if(digitalRead(ip10) == LOW)
  {
  radio.write(&button10, sizeof(button10));
  radio.startListening();
  while(!radio.available());
  radio.read(&buzzchar, sizeof(buzzchar));
  if(strcmp(buzzchar,constbuzzer) == 0)
  {
    digitalWrite(buzzer, HIGH);
    delay(500);
    digitalWrite(buzzer,LOW);
  }
  radio.stopListening();
  }
}
//-----Program Developed by R.Girish----//

That concludes the Remote controller circuit.

The Receiver:

The receiver circuit consists of Arduino which can be of your choice, 10 current limiting resistors of 330 ohm, 10 transistors and 10 relay forms the output stage.

At each of the 10 output pins of Arduino is connected to 10 relays via resistor and transistor.

Please ensure your power supply is capable of providing at-least 1A of current which is necessary to operate multiple relay at an instant.

A 2.4 GHz transceiver module NRF24L01 provides communication between remote.

Circuit Diagram:








If you are confused with wiring diagram between Arduino and NRF24L01 module, just take a look at the table beside the schematic, it is same for remote controller circuit too.

The output sequence and output pins are as follows:

Arduino PIN – Output sequence

PIN 2 – OUTPUT 1
PIN 3 – OUTPUT 2
PIN 4 – OUTPUT 3
PIN 5 – OUTPUT 4
PIN 6 – OUTPUT 5
PIN 7 – OUTPUT 6
PIN 8 – OUTPUT 7
PIN A0 – OUTPUT 8
PIN A1 – OUTPUT 9
PIN A2 – OUTPUT 10

Output Stage:




The output is just showcased with two output stages for simplicity of the diagram. You must expand it to ten, if you are using all the 10 channels.


Program for Receiver:

//-----Program Developed by R.Girish----//

#include <RF24.h>
#include<SPI.h>
RF24 radio(9,10);
const byte address[][6] = {"00001", "00002"};
const int op1 = 2;
const int op2 = 3;
const int op3 = 4;
const int op4 = 5;
const int op5 = 6;
const int op6 = 7;
const int op7 = 8;
const int op8 = A0;
const int op9 = A1;
const int op10 = A2;
const char buzzer[32] = "buzz";
char buttonstate[32] = "";
const char button1[32] = "activate_1";
const char button2[32] = "activate_2";
const char button3[32] = "activate_3";
const char button4[32] = "activate_4";
const char button5[32] = "activate_5";
const char button6[32] = "activate_6";
const char button7[32] = "activate_7";
const char button8[32] = "activate_8";
const char button9[32] = "activate_9";
const char button10[32] = "activate_10";
boolean status1 = false;
boolean status2 = false;
boolean status3 = false;
boolean status4 = false;
boolean status5 = false;
boolean status6 = false;
boolean status7 = false;
boolean status8 = false;
boolean status9 = false;
boolean status10 = false;
void setup()
{
Serial.begin(9600);
pinMode(op1, OUTPUT);
pinMode(op2, OUTPUT);
pinMode(op3, OUTPUT);
pinMode(op4, OUTPUT);
pinMode(op5, OUTPUT);
pinMode(op6, OUTPUT);
pinMode(op7, OUTPUT);
pinMode(op8, OUTPUT);
pinMode(op9, OUTPUT);
pinMode(op10, OUTPUT);
radio.begin();
radio.openReadingPipe(1, address[1]);
radio.openWritingPipe(address[0]);
radio.setChannel(100);
radio.setDataRate(RF24_250KBPS);
radio.setPALevel(RF24_PA_MAX);
radio.startListening();
}
void loop()
{
while(!radio.available());
radio.read(&buttonstate, sizeof(buttonstate));
Serial.println(buttonstate);
if((strcmp(buttonstate,button1) == 0) &&  status1 == false)
{
  digitalWrite(op1, HIGH);
  status1 = true;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button1) == 0) && status1 == true)
{
  digitalWrite(op1, LOW);
  status1 = false;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button2) == 0) &&  status2 == false)
{
  digitalWrite(op2, HIGH);
  status2 = true;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button2) == 0) && status2 == true)
{
  digitalWrite(op2, LOW);
  status2 = false;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button3) == 0) &&  status3 == false)
{
  digitalWrite(op3, HIGH);
  status3 = true;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button3) == 0) && status3 == true)
{
  digitalWrite(op3, LOW);
  status3 = false;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button4) == 0) &&  status4 == false)
{
  digitalWrite(op4, HIGH);
  status4 = true;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button4) == 0) && status4 == true)
{
  digitalWrite(op4, LOW);
  status4 = false;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button5) == 0) &&  status5 == false)
{
  digitalWrite(op5, HIGH);
  status5 = true;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button5) == 0) && status5 == true)
{
  digitalWrite(op5, LOW);
  status5 = false;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button6) == 0) &&  status6 == false)
{
  digitalWrite(op6, HIGH);
  status6 = true;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button6) == 0) && status6 == true)
{
  digitalWrite(op6, LOW);
  status6 = false;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button7) == 0) &&  status7 == false)
{
  digitalWrite(op7, HIGH);
  status7 = true;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button7) == 0) && status7 == true)
{
  digitalWrite(op7, LOW);
  status7 = false;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button8) == 0) &&  status8 == false)
{
  digitalWrite(op8, HIGH);
  status8 = true;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button8) == 0) && status8 == true)
{
  digitalWrite(op8, LOW);
  status8 = false;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button9) == 0) &&  status9 == false)
{
  digitalWrite(op9, HIGH);
  status9 = true;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button9) == 0) && status9 == true)
{
  digitalWrite(op9, LOW);
  status9 = false;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button10) == 0) &&  status10 == false)
{
  digitalWrite(op10, HIGH);
  status10 = true;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
else if((strcmp(buttonstate,button10) == 0) && status10 == true)
{
  digitalWrite(op10, LOW);
  status10 = false;
  radio.stopListening();
  for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
  radio.write(&buzzer, sizeof(buzzer));
  delay(10);
  }
  radio.startListening();
}
}
//-----Program Developed by R.Girish----//

That concludes the Receiver.

It has theoretical range of 100 meter; practically it may work around 30 meters and above, it may vary depend on the solid obstacles between remote and receiver.

How to operate this project:

Turn on the Receiver first and then Remote.

Press any of the buttons in the remote one at a time.

If you press the first button the corresponding output gets triggered i.e. output 1 turns ON. If you press the same button on remote again, it will turn OFF the output 1 at receiver.

It applies for all the buttons and 10 outputs.

Turn off the remote after use.

If you have any further questions regarding the above discussed 2.4 GHz 10 channel remote control switch, please express them in the comment section.




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