GSM Fire SMS Alert Circuit using Arduino

Sep 14, 2016



 In this article we are going to construct a GSM fire alert circuit system using Arduino and DHT11 sensor, which will alert the user via text message (SMS), regarding a fire hazard within the premise where it is installed.
                   
By: Girish Radhakrishnan

We are using DHT11 sensor for sensing unusual temperature rise around the local area. We can precisely set the threshold temperature in the program, if the temperature rises above preset threshold, the GSM modem start send alert SMS to the recipient.

The circuit:

The GSM fire alert circuit setup consists of 3 parts, the sensor, Arduino which is the brain of the project and GSM modem which sends SMS alert.

The wiring of the setup is same as other GSM based projects which was discussed in this website. The only difference is the addition of DHT11 sensor to Arduino.


GSM Fire SMS Alert Circuit using Arduino


The TX of GSM is connected to pin #9 of Arduino and RX of the GSM is connected to pin #8 of Arduino and ground to ground connection is also connected. The power and data connection of the sensor is optimized for reduced wiring congestion while prototyping.

Please note the connections carefully and insert the sensor from A0 to A2 in correct orientation as illustrated below.




Reversing the orientation of the sensor will give out “NO DATA” on the serial monitor. If reverse orientation is kept for prolonged period it may even damage the sensor. So, be cautious about the sensor connection.

Here is a completed author’s prototype:




Always power the GSM modem with external power supply. A 9V 500mA power adapter will be enough for GSM modem. The serial monitor is not mandatory for this project as it is going to be a standalone project. We need serial monitor only while testing the prototype.

Make a DC UPS system, schematics is available in this website and try to make the power button easily accessible outside the chassis of your project, so that GSM modem can be powered ON after a brief power failure.

The external power button can be made by soldering wires from pins of the power button on the GSM modem. DC UPS will reduce necessity to power ON the GSM modem after every power failure. It gives plug and forget kind of feature. Now let’s see how the whole setup functions.

In case of fire the room temperature rises rapidly in short period, the sensor has the ability to measure form 0 to 50 degree Celsius.

When the temperature rises above the preset threshold value in the program (within 0 to 50) it sends SMS alert saying “Fire alert: 45.00 degree Celsius”. 45 degree Celsius is the temperature of the room during sending SMS; the temperature would reach beyond 100 degree Celsius within minutes after fire accident. Two SMS alert is send for redundancy, in case if the one of the sent message is failed.

If the sensor failed or the sensor gets disconnected from Arduino, the information is send to the user via SMS twice saying “No data from sensor/sensor disconnected“

The program comes to halt for 30 minutes after sending SMS alert for fire or sensor disconnection. It checks again for abnormality in room temperature and sensor wire connection after 30 minutes, if any exist, it sending SMS alert again and waits for another 30 minutes.

When the whole setup is completed and powered ON, the GSM modem sends test SMS saying “This is a test SMS from GSM modem” if you receive this message to the recipient number, it means your project is working fine.

Program:

//--------------Program developed by R.Girish---------------//
#include <dht.h>
#include <SoftwareSerial.h>
SoftwareSerial gsm(9,8);
#define DHTxxPIN A1
dht DHT;
int p = A0;
int n = A2;
int ack;
int msgsend=0;
int th=45;    //set threshold temperature
unsigned long A = 1000L;
unsigned long B = A * 60;
unsigned long C = B * 30 ;
void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600);
  gsm.begin(9600);
  pinMode(p,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(n,OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(p,1);
  digitalWrite(n,0);
  gsm.println("AT+CMGF=1");   
  delay(1000); 
  gsm.println("AT+CMGS=\"+91xxxxxxxxxx\"\r"); // Replace x with mobile number
  delay(1000);
  gsm.println("This is a test SMS from GSM modem");// The SMS text you want to send
  delay(100);
  gsm.println((char)26); // ASCII code of CTRL+Z
  delay(1000);
}
void loop()
{
  top:
  msgsend=0;
  ack=0;
  int chk = DHT.read11(DHTxxPIN);
  switch (chk)
  {
    case DHTLIB_ERROR_CONNECT:
        ack=1;
        break;
  }
  if(ack==0)
  {
  Serial.print("Temperature(°C) = ");
  Serial.println(DHT.temperature);
  Serial.print("Humidity(%) = ");
  Serial.println(DHT.humidity);
  Serial.println("\n");
  delay(2000);
}
if(ack==1)
{
  goagain:
  msgsend=msgsend+1;
  Serial.print("NO DATA");
  Serial.print("\n\n");
  Serial.println("Sending SMS......\n");
  delay(500);
  gsm.println("AT+CMGF=1");   
  delay(1000); 
  gsm.println("AT+CMGS=\"+91xxxxxxxxxx\"\r"); // Replace x with mobile number
  delay(1000);
  gsm.println("No data from sensor/Sensor disconnected");// The SMS text you want to send
  delay(100);
  gsm.println((char)26); // ASCII code of CTRL+Z
  delay(1000);
  Serial.println("Message is sent\n");
  if(msgsend==2)
  {
    delay(C);
    goto top;
  }
  else
  {
    delay(10000);
    goto goagain;
  }
}
if(DHT.temperature>=th)
{
  doagain:
  msgsend=msgsend+1;
  Serial.println("Sending SMS......\n");
  gsm.println("AT+CMGF=1");   
  delay(1000); 
  gsm.println("AT+CMGS=\"+91xxxxxxxxx\"\r"); // Replace x with mobile number
  delay(1000);
  gsm.println("Fire Alert:");// The SMS text you want to send
  gsm.print(DHT.temperature);
  gsm.print(" degree celsius");
  delay(100);
  gsm.println((char)26); // ASCII code of CTRL+Z
  delay(1000);
  Serial.println("Message is sent\n");
  if(msgsend==2)
  {
    delay(C);
    goto top;
  }
  else
  {
    delay(10000);
    goto doagain;
  }
}
}
//--------------Program developed by R.Girish---------------//

Note: You have to place the recipient number in 3 places in program which is described in the program as
("AT+CMGS=\"+91xxxxxxxxx\"\r"); // Replace x with mobile number

•    Set the threshold temperature
int th=45;    //set threshold temperature

The threshold temperature must be set high, greater than usual temperature fluctuation of the room .For example: DHT11 has maximum measuring capacity of 50 degree Celsius, so threshold temperature can be set from 45 to 47. High threshold value is set so that it won’t send false triggered SMS alert for small changes in room temperature.

If you have further doubts or quesries regarding the discussed GSM fire SMS alert circuit system, please do not hesitate to put them forth through your valuable comments.

9 comments

  1. sir, today I observed a very interesting thing...I connected a LED bulb's ( ) point to TV cable and (-) to Earth..... the LED was on but not so brightly...one more thing change of ( ),(-) dose not matter here... I think you can help me with a simple circuit to amplify the voltage.... it will be a free energy source for me.......* here TV cable means the cable which is coming from broadcast not the part that is connected to TV... I mean no need to on TV ....thanks sir.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Soumen, it is not free energy, you are using the video signal voltage for the LED illumination...it cannot be amplified.

      Delete
    2. SIR PLEASE SEND ME UR DHT LIBRARY FOR THE GSM Fire SMS Alert Circuit using Arduino. I FIND HARD TIME TO FINISH THIS PROJECT. PLEASE SEND IT TO double.jg.adz@gmail.com. thank you

      Delete
    3. you can find the library from this link : https://arduino-info.wikispaces.com/file/detail/DHT-lib.zip

      Delete
  2. I know it is not free energy..... I mean free of cost.... thanks sir...

    ReplyDelete
  3. Pls can you make this same. Circuit only not with a fire alarm but a door alarm.thank you..

    ReplyDelete
  4. Sir, during the compilation of the program, am getting a error

    ReplyDelete
  5. sir, we are getting a error in the dht library that is #include

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi rahul, you need to add the library in you Arduino IDE. only then your program gets compiled.

      you can download from here: https://arduino-info.wikispaces.com/file/detail/DHT-lib.zip

      Delete

 

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