The only electronic website that replies to every comment, and addresses all circuit related issues.

Simple Induction Heater Circuit - Hot Plate Cooker Circuit

The proposed induction heater circuit exhibits the use of high frequency magnetic induction principles for generating substantial magnitude of heat over a small specified radius.


The discussed induction cooker circuit is truly simple and uses just a few active and passive ordinary components for the required actions.

Update:

Learn how to design your own customized induction heater cooktop:

Designing an Induction Heater Circuit - Tutorial


Induction Heater LC Resonance Frequency and Current



According to the involved principle when a change in magnetic field is forced around a metal, electrons inside the metals get agitated and begins flowing across the metal, this is termed as eddy current. This flow of current in the metal or the introduced conductor causes a heat to be generated in the metal making it warmer.
The generated heat is proportional to (current)^2 x resistance of the metal.

The above heat is also directly proportional to the induced frequency and that's why ordinary iron stamped transformers are not used in high frequency switching applications, instead ferrite materials are used as cores.

However here the above drawback is exploited for acquiring heat from high frequency magnetic induction.

Referring to the proposed induction heater circuit below, we find the concept utilizing the ZVS or zero voltage switching technology for the required triggering of the mosfets. The technology ensures minimum heating of the devices making the operation very efficient and effective.
Further to add, the circuit being self resonant by nature automatically gets sets at the resonant frequency of the attached coil and capacitor quite identical to a tank circuit.

The circuit fundamentally makes use of a Royer oscillator which is marked by simplicity and self resonant operating principle. However the main downside of the design is that it employs a center tapped coil as the transformer, which makes the winding implementation a bit trickier. However the center tap allows an efficient push pull effect over the coil through just a couple of active devices such as mosfets.

As can be seen, there are fast recovery or high speed switching diodes connected across the gate/source of each mosfet. These diodes perform the important function of discharging the gate capacitance of the respective mosfets during their non-conducting states thereby making the switching operation snappy and quick.

You can use IRF540 as the mosfets which are rated at good 110V, 33amps. Heatsinks could be used for them, although the heat generated is not to any worrying level, yet still it's better to reinforce them on heat absorbing metals.

The inductor L2 terminating from center of the main induction coil is a kind of choke for eliminating any possible entry of the high frequency content into the power supply and also for restricting the current to safe limits.

Relatively the value of L2 should be high enough, a 2mH will do the job well. However it must be built using high gauge wires for enabling high current usage through it safely.

C1 and L1 constitute the tank circuit here for the interned high resonant frequency latching. Again these too musts be rated to withstand high magnitudes of current and heat.

Here we can see the incorporation of a 330nF/400V metalized PP capacitors.


Simple Induction Heater Circuit - Hot Plate Cooker Circuit


Now comes L1, which is the most crucial element of the whole circuit. It must be built using extremely thick copper wires so that it sustains the high temperatures during the induction operations.
The capacitor as discussed above must be ideally connected as close as possible to the L1 terminals. his is important for sustaining the resonant frequency at the specified 200kHz frequency.

For the induction heater coil L1, many 1mm copper wire may be wound in parallel or in bifilar manner in order to dissipate current more effectively causing lower heat generation in the coil. Even after this the coil could be subjected to extreme heats, and could get deformed due to it therefore an alternative method of winding it may be tried.

In this method we wind it in the form of two separate coils joined at the center for acquiring the required center tap.

In this method lesser turns may be tried for reducing the impedance of  the coil and in turn increase its current handling capability. The capacitance for this arrangement may be in contrast increased in order to pull down the resonant frequency proportionately.
In all 330nF x 6 could be used for acquiring a net 2uF capacitance approximately.




The following image shows the precise method of attaching the capacitors in parallel with the end termianals of the copper coil, preferably through a well dimensioned PCB.





Parts list for the above induction heater circuit or induction hot plate circuit

R1, R2 = 330 ohms 1/2 watt
D1, D2 = FR107 or BA159
T1, T2 = IRF540
C1 = 10,000uF/25V
C2 = 2uF/400V made by attaching 6nos 330nF/400V caps in parallel
D3----D6 = 25 amp diodes
IC1 = 7812

L1 = 2mm brass pipe wound as shown in the following pics, the diameter can be anywhere near 30mm (internal diameter of the coils)

L2 = 2mH choke made by winding 2mm magnet wire on any suitable ferrite rod 

TR1 = 0-15V/20amps

POWER SUPPLY: Use regulated 15V 20 amp DC power supply.



Using BC547 transistors in place of high speed diodes

In the above induction heater circuit diagram we can see the mosfets gates consisting of fast recovery diodes, which might be difficult to obtain in some parts of the country.

A simple alternative to this may be in the form of  BC547 transistors connected instead of the diodes as shown in the following diagarm.

The transistors would perform the same function as the diodes since the BC547 can operate well around 1Mhz frequencies.







Please Share this Post:
  •  Facebook
  •  Twitter
  •  Google+
  •  Stumble



  • 206 comments:

    1. Dear sir which diode can i put in place of FR107

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. You can use BC547 transistor in place of the diodes. Connect base and collector together with the gate of the mosfet, and emitter to the drain of the other mosfet.

        Delete
    2. can i take L1 from another induction cooker ?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. No, only the specified type will work.

        Delete
      2. Hello sir can I use it for boiling a moving water from pipe.

        Delete
      3. Helo Salman,

        Yes you can do it, but the pipe should be made of iron or steel (magnetic material)

        Delete
      4. Thank you for the quick response,
        So pipe that Water flow inside, is a metal to be heated or as a induction metal(L1)?

        Delete
      5. The iron water pipe should pass through the center of the coil L1 as shown in the last diagram.

        Delete
      6. Hi sir. Can I use this system to make an induction sealer. Is this enough to seal aluminum foil lid with plastic cup.

        Delete
      7. Hi Asanthan, that may be possible, however for sealing plastic, ordinary heater coil would be much hassle-free and efficient.

        Delete
    3. so do I calculate the power using the formula: VOLTAGE X CURRENT?

      ReplyDelete
    4. Not worked swgtm. the material not even heat up & both mosfets burnt out. it specified 200kHz frequency. So can i use Astable multivibrator to set frequency 200Khz to drive the coils.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hi Max,

        What did you use for D1/D2 and L2?

        Delete
      2. FR302 & 40 turns on a ferrite bead as L2

        Delete
    5. hello swagatam.
      Plz suggest a circuit to run cooling fan externally. i bought a amplifier unit the heat sense fan stops automatically after 1 minute. need a solid state cheap circuit to run fan directly from mains. (fan rated 12vdc 0.25amp 2.5w)

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hello Max,

        The only solution is to a use a readymade 12V ac/dc smps adapter rated at 500mA or 1amp current, because you won't get below this rating.

        Delete
    6. Hello Swagatam,
      I have built my one successfully with DC power source of 18V connected to L2 while the other side keep 12V to drive MOSFET. I am also connecting ammerter in series to L2 to monitor the current. With some bolts and nuts or steel rod. They can turn red hot without problem. Current goes up from original L1 coil without anything inside to some level according to the object inside the coil. Somehow, I try this with 1/2" diameter steel pipe with 0.5mm thickness. Current goes up and increasing. After a while when pipe is in red hot, current suddenly increase very rapidly and FET burn-out. At this point, everything stop. I have to change FET as it was shorted Drain-Source. I used IRFP250N and diode BYV26E, pretty high rated voltage and current but still failed. Do you have any idea what I did wrong? Is this due to FET or Diode? Thanks.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Helo Sitti,

        Try the following circuit, set Rt, Ct for getting 200khz, use L2 in place of "L" and the L1 for RL.

        http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2013/09/half-bridge-mosfet-driver-ic-irs21531d.html

        This circuit will never allow your mosfets to blow off, according to me.

        Delete
      2. please use this one instead

        http://www.homemade-circuits.com/2013/09/half-bridge-mosfet-driver-ic-irs21531d.html

        Delete
    7. Is there any alternative power supply? Cause its too expensive to buy a 20 A transformer then make it DC supply. By the way, could I use a power supply with adjuster in order to control the temparature of the induction coil?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. sorry there's no direct alternative for high current. You can reduce it proportionately by increasing the voltage, but that would also require modifications in the work coil, the turns will need to be increased while the gauge will need to reduced accordingly.

        Delete
      2. thanks for the quick reply, I really want to learn more about induction heating. Where I can find a choke coil required L2 because I can't find one of it in some electronics store here in my place, is it okay not to put L2? I want to share my idea to you, I have a circuit design that I found in the internet to control temperature, how can I share it to you?

        Delete
      3. You won't get the coils readymade, you will have to hand make it as per the details shown in the images and the article info.

        You are welcome to share your ideas, please send it to hitman2008@live.in

        Delete
      4. can we use the psu of computer

        Delete
    8. is it safe that my transformer that is rated 6A only is giving me up to 10A of current. Because i connected it to a bridge rectifier and a 4700uF caps to make a dc power supply, then i successfully make the circuit work but when I measured the current flowing to the transformer using a clamp meter, it gives me up to 10A depending on the metal to be heated. is it still safe for the transformer producing greater current than its rating?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. if it's showing more than the specified amps of the transformer means the voltage is being dropped proportionately in the course....so ultimately the total power is never being exceeded.

        as far as the above circuit is concerned, the coil would handle current depending upon its thickness, if it's correctly dimensioned it would be safe.

        Delete
    9. Replies
      1. It's 15V/20amp, that's equal to 300 watts

        Delete
      2. sir, i mean can i use 150v 2amp?

        Delete
      3. no, it should be @15V, amps is not important can be of any value (not less than 20amps)

        Delete
      4. Sir, both terminal will be +ve? if yes then; where is -ve terminal? And in MOSFET source will be grounded or -ve?

        Delete
      5. only the mosfet sources will go to the negative of the supply, no other point of the circuit is connected to the supply negative.

        Delete
      6. Sir, this kind of power supply(15v, 20a)is not esily available in the market.So, at which minimum voltage and current the circuit will be run?

        Delete
      7. Vinay, you can use a 12V, 20 amp transformer

        Delete
    10. Hello Swatam
      what changes I should make in the circuit to operate at 220V , two phases, each 110 V and a power of 6kW.
      and I'm thinking to cool L1 and L2 with water that circulates inside
      this is possible.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hello Paul,

        Sorry, I think that may not be recommended and could require more number of turns for L1/L2...I do not have the data for calculating those.

        Delete
    11. thank you very much.
      the number of turns can prove, but the electronic elements can recommend me what changes should be do.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. The configuration will remain as is. The resistors could be increased to 1K 10 watt (wirewound) each, everything will need to be done through trial and error, though.

        For the mosfets you can use IRF840, however since mains voltage is involved, the risks of an untoward could be on the cards, I am not recommending use of 220V for this project.

        Delete
    12. i have built one successfully but my capacitors tanks become very hot....
      i am using parallel cap at single point and where the all cap meet(at single point) they get very hot.
      should i mount capacitors on pipes at some distance?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. yes preferably the caps must be p;aced slightly away from the coil, may be a 6 inches distance will do.

        Delete
    13. One more thing
      At the start current go up very high without anything inside..

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. you can use a 1000 watt halogen lamp in series with the mains input to the transformer, this will ensure that the initial amp intake does not exceed to dangerous levels.

        Delete
    14. Thanks Swagatam
      I made my induction heater successfully now i want to increase its power..
      Can i increase power of this induction heater using more mosfets in parallel?
      Please scheme a circuit for parallel combination.
      Thanks

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Thanks Waqar, to increase power you may try increasing the input current and also the voltage, and upgrade the mosfet with other higher rated ones, parallel combination may not be recommended.

        You can select an appropriate mosfet pair from the following article

        http://easydatasheets.blogspot.in/p/mosfets.html

        Delete
    15. Can i pass the iron or steel tube(from which water which is to be heated) three to four times from the coil L1.

      ReplyDelete
    16. sir we are making induction heater ckt for academic project purpose so could u tell us about the length and turns of L1,L2

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. you can find it in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pVYMLnXW9uo

        Delete
    17. can i use a high rated transformer and then minimize the current and voltage by a rheostat.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. you may have to do it through a variac, a rheostat will not do.

        Delete
      2. ty sir.
        can i fed the circuit with directly 20 amp or i have to increase it gradually because the insulation of my wire which are use for connection are burning along with mosfet.
        what is the reason for the same

        Delete
      3. increase it gradually, but if the mosfets are also burning it means the circuit is malfunctioning and there could be a fault in the circuit

        Delete
      4. sir plz help me out.
        when i increase the voltage with the variac my bridge rectifier burned out at 7 volt and if i fed the circuit directly my mosfet burned out.
        what should i do..

        Delete
      5. Pratik, it means the circuit is drawing huge currents without load, something is incorrect in your circuit.

        try a bridge driver type of circuit instead of the above self resonanat design for reliable results

        Delete
      6. Hello sir,
        Can we control the temperature of this circuit and can we use small lcd for viewing temperature.

        Delete
    18. Dear Swagatam, thank you very much for the details of the construction of this circuit. I built the heater and works well. I have a question related to the possibility to change the frequency of the system. I need differents frequencies. And I am thinking of if possible to change Capacitor and L at the same time to get any frequency. This is possible? Like for example 200Khz , 300 Khz, 400 and soon.
      Also I would know how I can calculate the magnetic intensity of the system.
      Thank you very much.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Thanks Guillermo, the above circuit is a self resonant type of configuration so frequency cannot be changed manually....you may have to incorporate an external oscillator circuit for implementing an adjustable resonance, the following half bridge circuit could tried with the coil network explained in the above article for achieving the same:

        http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2013/09/half-bridge-mosfet-driver-ic-irs21531d.html

        Delete
    19. Thank You again, i will try the this circuit and let You knoe my progress. Cheers

      ReplyDelete
    20. dear sir I have a old induction heater coil . i want to use that coil . how can i use that coil for heat the panel. please tell me with using simple words. thank you...,...

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Dear Kamaljeet, without seeing the coil it would be difficult to suggest anything, anyway a commercial induction coil will require a sophisticated circuitry, much complex than the above published design...

        Delete
    21. sir
      L1 copper wire gauge # kia hay

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. L1 should be preferably a copper pipe having a outer diameter of about 1cm, using a pipe will enable water to be circulated through it in order to keep the coil temp within limits

        Delete
      2. thanks sir for reply.
        kia ma ap ko urdu ma b question kr sakta hun

        Delete
      3. yes, but my replies will be in English.

        Delete
    22. hello
      what is the exact use of transformer? it is impedance matching only? what can we use instead of transformer

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. which transformer...TR1?

        It's for supplying power to the circuit.

        Delete
    23. Hello sir,
      what power has to be given to heat a coil?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. hello jayalaxmi,
        the power specs are approximately 20V 15amps

        Delete
      2. Sir,
        Cant we heat the coil with Dc source using driver circuit??

        I did an oscillator circuit of a supply of 24Vdc and 0.3A and got an output of 46MHz and 19v as peak to peak voltage.
        Can we heat the coil with that frequency ?? what are the possible ways??

        Delete
      3. Jayalaxmi, the coil is not supposed to heat, the vessel is supposed to get hot.

        0.3A will not produce any result...it should be at least 10 to 15 ampere

        Delete
    24. Hi there,

      Its a very nice technology. Thanks for the circuit.
      What is the value of L1 and can i use pan cake coil of the same inductance?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. The inductance value is not crucial, you can make it as per the given instructions in the diagram, yes with little modifications it can be converted for the pan type implementation.

        Delete
    25. Hey, great thread. I was wondering what changes would need to be made to the schematic and the induction coil to work using 3.7vdc max 30amp load. This would obviously be used in a micro induction coil to heat small objects such as a sewing needle. And suggestion on coil size, wrapping and component change on the schematic would be greatly appreciated.
      Thanks!
      Dan

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. thanks Dan, I think it may have to be done through some trial and error since I do not have a formula for calculating the coil.

        The only thing I know is that as the turns increase and the diameter decrease the operating frequency and the current consumption also decrease proportionately, so on this basis you could probably do some experimentation.

        L2 and the other components except the voltage may not require a change as per my knowledge

        Delete
      2. hi sir...we try the circuit using the power supply of the computer as the power supply to the circuit....in our first try....the metal that we put on the middle of the working coil gets hot....but the mosfets gets hot too.....so we decided to change the heatsink with bigger one......after changing we try it again.......and the metal dont get hot......why is it happen sir??thanks for the reply

        Delete
      3. Hi Christian, I guess this could be related to some frequency variations due to the introduction/removel of the metal plate.

        heating up of the msgfets might be hampering the generation of the resonance frequency which might be getting corrected with the addition of the larger hetasink and resulting in an automatic correction of the frequency.

        Not sure though, this could be the reason.

        by the way you are not supposed to put a metal inside the working coil, this might seriously affect the functioning of the circuit

        Delete
      4. but, is it ok that we use a power supply of a computer as the supply for this circuit?

        what could you suggest sir for us to make this induction warmer work.?

        Delete
      5. I'm sorry sir... the metal that we put inside the working is a screw driver just to test if it is working already,if the working coil produce induction heat
        .

        Delete
      6. oh... that was quite silly of me, I completely forgot that a metal (magnetic) needs to be inserted inside the work coil for implementing the design, make sure the heatsinks are perfectly aloof and are not touching anything in the circuit....

        any power supply will do as long as it's able to generate 15 to 20 amps for the circuit.

        Delete
      7. good day sir.....in the 2 small diagram above.....the c1 and c2 are in different position...which capacitor do we need to parallel in the l1?

        Delete
      8. we use a power supply of a computer....if we use the bridge driver type circuit...do we still needed to parallel a capacitor with the + and - of the power supply??

        Delete
      9. C1 value needs to be arranged by putting many MKT capacitors in parallel.

        If you are using a pure DC from an SMPS in that case C2 can be eliminated....

        Delete
      10. ....I am referring to C1 which is in parallel with L1, and C2 at the bridge...

        Delete
    26. sir may iuse it to cooking purpose

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. It won't be possible with the shown coil dimension

        Delete
    27. am working on this circuit from last few weeks but its not working as i expect it too. am using a coil of 12 gauge 9 turns center taped mosfet irfz44n ,22uf 4 caps in parallel adn the voltage suply is 15 v 12 amps its from a transformer ( battery charger) as i turn on the circuit the the mosfets blows up within seconds seeps like shor circuted help pe am not using any choke .

      ReplyDelete
    28. am working on this circuit from few weeks and am facing the same proble as soon as i turn on the supply the current increses upto 40-70 amps and the mosfets blows up . am using irfz44n and 17v 10 amps power supplt from a transformer( its basically a battery charger) am not using any choke please help me out, ? :(

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. the choke (L2) is specifically introduced to limit current and to optimize resonance frequency, if you remove it the circuit is bound to fry immediately.

        Delete
    29. Hello,

      My application requires that the object being heated (will be very thin) can be inserted and removed through the side of the coil, as both ends of that object will be fixed and unable to be pulled through the center of the coil. Are you able to tell me if there is any way to construct this without a completely closed heating coil (i.e. with a C-like cross-section instead of an O-shaped cross-section) to allow for side entry of a thin (~2mm diameter) object?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hello, I don't think that's feasible, one method could be by creating a flat spiral coil and then by introducing the object close to the surface of the spiral.

        An example spiral coil image may be witnessed in the third diagram below:

        http://www.homemade-circuits.com/2014/08/making-small-induction-cookware.html

        Delete
    30. Hello! Very intersting article!! But i need some help! Can you give me specific models for the D3-D5 (rectifier diodes), C1 capacitor & IC1 on the 1st circuit ?? Ampseres/volts for the IC1 voltage regulator??

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hi thanks, D3---D6 can be any rectifier diode capable of handling 25amp current, you can inquire about it with your local component dealer, he will know better and will guide you with the correct number.

        Delete
    31. Ok! Something else...the Maximum DC current for the L2 (1st circuit) it's critical?? Let's say that we have a choke with Max. DC current 15A...it will be ok?? Or we need a higher value?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. if 15amp is the breakdown limit of the choke then it will not do, if it's the optimal rating then it won't be a problem.

        I think the choke wire should be at least 2mm thick or made by using 2 strands of 1mm wire to be able to withstand 15amps

        Delete
    32. i not get o/p plz i can't get output in proteou7s plz help me

      ReplyDelete
    33. Replies
      1. sorry can't figure out the issue...

        Delete
      2. plz let me know that which circuit diagram is right . as i run both but not working a single and i used 12v,10A supply .

        Delete
      3. i used cooker capacitor of 2uf instead of 330nf ,6pcs how much turns in coil L2 .

        Delete
      4. both the circuits are correct, but the first one is better recommended.

        there are many related youtube videos, you can refer any of those for a detailed help.

        Delete
      5. coil which generate heat is either l2 or l1 and how many turns are there for heat coil.

        Delete
      6. let me know about the frequency of this as i want to calculate value of inductor

        Delete
      7. L1 is the heating coil...

        details are given in the article

        Delete
      8. let me know about the l1 coil turns and i have to use same wire or other bcoz temporary i used different copper wire and let me know that can ckt run on 12v 10a

        Delete
      9. i want to ask you that either this circuit is run in PROTEOUS 7 simulator becoz i m not getting output in that as well as in real time circuit

        Delete
      10. I have updated the coil data in the parts list.

        I have no idea regarding the simulation details, however the circuit has been already tested practically successfully with no issues whatsoever

        Delete
      11. hey swagatam i would like to thank you for updates but how many wound i have to take for
        l1 and directly can i use 12v 10a power supply last question is iff i use ditto component then i get output otherwise no t

        Delete
      12. as you can see in the image, L1 consists of two separate coils made by curling two turns each of brass pipes and then then by joining the center together.....so total it becomes 4 turns, but you can try 3 turns each to make 6 turns.

        power supply should be 15V minimum and 15 amps

        please check the youtube videos you'll able to see these circuits in real and how these are configured and tested to produce heat.

        Delete
    34. My requirement is heating water ,approx 170ml, upto 90○C. Would it be possible using above circuit?
      If not what changes are required? Also would it be possible to run the above circuit on battery power?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. yes, the above circuit can be used for the purpose.

        Delete
    35. what about using 1n4148 or uf4007...which diodes would be better in this circuit?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. only the recommended ones will work...or any other "fast recovery" type.

        Delete
    36. Hi

      I have put a similar induction coil in a range cooker, instead of a circular cast iron hotplate, I have a circular plate glass sitting in the old hotplate recess with the induction coil underneath, will the all the cast iron in the cooker top affect the induction unit.
      It worked for a while but now I am receiving an E0 error on the control panel, but I am going to switch to manual control, Potenimeter I think? would this help Thanks.

      Regards Denis.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hi,

        sorry, I could not understand your question, do you mean you used a glass instead of cast iron and you are wondering if that would affect the results, then probably the answer is yes, if the cooker is a non-magnetic thing it won't react with the coil's magnetic induction and won't heat up.

        where do you intend to use the potentiometer?

        Delete
    37. I need your help to design a working induction heater model for my son studying in 8th standard

      would like to get some details on exact materials and design

      Please help

      ramakrishnan

      9821075029

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. bill of material is provided in the article

        if you follow everything exactly as suggested, you could make it work successfully without much effort.

        however this project can be quite difficult for a school student.. as it might involve many complex measurements, adjustments and other related procedures

        Delete
    38. helo sir! my name is biniyam i'm from east africa, ethiopia,i'm universiity student
      i sincerly ask u to help me om my semister project which is to replace "enjera"(which is staple food in ethiopia) making stove with induction cooking system

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hello Biniyam, You can try the above explained concept first, if you succeed then we can appropriately modify this into a cooker kind of heating system.

        Delete
    39. Hi, before I attempt to build this, what do you estimate as the total cost to build it?

      ReplyDelete
    40. Hello sir i make this circuits but not succed.
      I use mosfet irfp250
      Capasitor csd mer 165j400v
      470ohm 2w resistor
      12v 1w zea diod
      Diod 4100e
      10k 1/4w resistor
      Induction coill old pc power suply
      I use 24vdc 14amp power suply
      I make heting coill 9 trun copartube 7mm.coill diametar 1.5"
      So what is tha miss take.pless helf me

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. hello Saiful, where did you use the zener diode, if you used it for the 7812 it might have got burnt and shorted, make sure you use a 7812 IC as shown in the first diagram and not a zener diode....
        if you use a 12V/15amp transformer you can get rid of the 7812.

        Delete
    41. Hi know i am succdd
      Thanks
      But i like make coker heater
      How to make coil ?

      ReplyDelete
    42. hii im onkar ,
      i have made circuit using irfz44n ,diodes=1n5819
      and used the power supply of 24v/10amp. with lm7812cv as vr,also i used 2x.47 uf capacitors
      but when i start the supply my rectifer and choke coil gets too hot.and circuit does not work at all..
      what would be the problem ??pls reply me sir...

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Onkar, it will be difficult to troubleshoot because I do not know what mistake you might have made in it.

        L2 is around 2mH...did you verify this inductance value?

        initially use a 200 watt bulb in series with transformer primary, and check whether the coil produces heat or not....

        the work coil needs to be built exactly as shown in the above figure, and same is true for the capacitor bank

        you can check a few you tube videos on this subject and see how it's is implemented practically...

        Delete
    43. thank you sir for replying,
      is it important to have the choke of 2mh value..what will happen if my value is low

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. it is a recommended value....it can be a matter of some trial and error when the final working circuit is built

        Delete
      2. lower values can affect the circuit functioning...

        Delete
    44. Dear Swagatam,

      can i make this for smaller diameter of induction coil as small as 5 mm to 1 cm wide to heating a small wire? i need it for an experiment for microbiological purpose...

      thank you

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Dear Prasetyo, the above design is a self resonating kind of circuit so I am not sure whether a coil with a different dimension would automatically adjust with it...or what necessary modifications might be required.

        you can try though by changing the L2 specs also, through experimentation

        Delete
    45. hi Swagatam, Thank you for The circuit. I have a question and a clue. I want to measure the magnetic field in the working coil. As the frequency is higth, i don't know how to measure. Could you help me ? How Many tesla or mili tesla. can produce. (B) it is possible to measure or calculated. Thank you in advance

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hi Guillermo, I do not have this circuit at the moment but will to include it soon, if it's possible for me.

        Delete
    46. Dear sir
      im using index sun pijeon rapido my problem is contin.. sart bip sound and disply no 3 back on wrong side so please solve my problem

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. sorry it will be difficult for me troubleshoot without seeing it practically.

        Delete
    47. Hi, Have you ever done or thought to a circuit relevant an induction heater with a function generator as a controller?
      The sense of this request is that I wish to build an induction cooker circuit with the possibilities to verify the frequency value, through my function generator I’m able to achieve a few KHz to a few MHz; my problem is How can I feed the cooker coil without a sort of amplifier? The power after function generator isn't sufficient to feed the coil. In other terms I wish to implement this: Function Generator -> Electronic -> Cooker Coil. Have you got any idea?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hi, I have a similar one circuit in this website you can see it below:

        http://www.homemade-circuits.com/2013/12/induction-heater-circuit-using-igbt.html
        but without a current amplifier driving the work coil is not possible, therefore power devices will be required for generating the specified amount of heat from the coil.

        Delete
    48. can i use 24 v 10 amp smps as power supply?

      ReplyDelete
    49. Hi sir,
      I m use 17volt 25 amp tranform, is that work? If yes,tell me what the perfect inner and outer dimension of L1? If not, plz tell me what i do?

      Sir,
      The ICE give me 20 dc to input cct, is that successful for run cct? If not, plz tell me what i do?

      Sir,
      In our stor is difficult to find L2, can u tell me the dimension of it(L2 mean), and what the value of current and voltage flow in L2?

      THANKS SIR

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hi, yes 17V, 25 amp will do.

        L2 will need to be built by winding 22 SWG enameled copper wire until you reach a 2mH value. the current could be around 10 to 20 amps through L2
        there are some good videos in Youtube which you can see for a clearer view of the procedures.

        Delete
    50. Hi again sir..

      Can i use 2.64mh with 25 volt and 25amp

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Initially you should try with a lower voltage may be around 12V, if everything goes well then you can increase it to higher levels for acquiring higher heating ranges.

        Delete
    51. Can I use a pancake coil in L1????

      ReplyDelete
    52. Hi sir
      Thank you for your support,,
      It working successfully.
      ,, sir,, how i cam calculate mathematical representations of current,voltage and frequency?

      Thank again sir.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hi, I am glad you could succeed with the above project, but I am sorry I am not entirely sure about the mathematical details of this concept...

        If you wish you can send the working details of the project with pictures and get paid for the submission, I'll publish it in my website.

        Delete
    53. hello, could you please explain what does the transformer the 4 diodes and the condensator do?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. for stepping down mains voltage and for rectification to pure DC

        Delete
    54. Hi,
      for a school project i need to construct an AC induction cooktop and was wondering if you could help me put together a part list for a much weaker induction cooktop than yours, it only has to warm up a few ML's of water. is this something that is possible?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hi, I'll try to explain the design in a new article and post it soon...

        Delete
    55. Hi Swagatam, i love your projects and my son regularly builds them at school in science lessons.
      i lastly got him the parts to build a simple Royer style induction heater working from 12v DC but i wonder could your simple inverter circuit using the IR 2153 from 12v DC be changed to build a more exciting and challenging induction circuit ? would it be as simple as adding capacitors to the secondary with working coil?
      i thank you in anticipation.

      regards Kevin

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Thanks Kevin, I am glad your son is liking my projects!

        my simple inverter circuit is quite similar to the above induction heater concept, so if we try to modify it will ultimately take the shape of the above design.

        However the 50 watt mosfet inverter circuit from this website can be definitely tried for making a versatile and a more flexible induction heater circuit:

        http://www.homemade-circuits.com/2012/09/mini-50-watt-mosfet-inverter-circuit.html

        Delete
      2. Yes Hi Swagatam, a very interesting self oscillating circuit i will build it one day.
        However my aim is to get Dan (my son ) to build something more controllable which is why i mentioned the IR 2153 controller, i would like him to achieve some shutdown / protection techniques either with current a transformer or other direct circuitry and from what i have seen of this IC it does most of this, so if there is any chance of further guidance in this direction i would very much appreciate it.
        It does not have to be very powerful but a nice little controllable safe circuit, as in over current and short circuit protection these are the techniques that i would like Dan to start learning.

        regards Kevin.

        Delete
      3. sorry Kev, I completely missed the IR2153, the thought you were referring to this circuit:

        http://www.homemade-circuits.com/2012/02/how-to-make-simplest-inverter-circuit.html

        OK, so referring to the IR2153 design, it can be enhanced with a current control feature by using an ordinary BC547 and a current sensing resistor network across its shutdown Ct pin, this will make sure that the fets can never conduct current above a specified limit

        Delete
    56. Hi, Could you please explain in more detail how the the switching occurs? After the first Mosfet turns on, I don't follow what causes it to turn back off, and the other to turn on. Thank you

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hi, since both the fets cannot switch ON together due to the slight difference in their switching characteristics, let's assume T2 initiates first on power switch ON,
        as soon as this happens its gate potential is instantly grounded by its own drain/source terminals via D2 and L1....dropping its gate potential to a a level where it's forced to shut off.

        This enables T1 to initiate the process and it eventually ends up shutting off in the same manner...the cycle keeps regenerating and continues rapidly giving rise to the required phenomenon...

        Delete
    57. Is the following true?: As the voltage builds on drain one, it causes more voltage to appear at gate 2? And then when Vd1(voltage on drain of T1) hits 15V when the inductive path resistance is a short, Gate 2 now has 15V on it, that drains the voltage on gate 1 to ground? Also, when is the cap being charged and discharged with respect to the rest of the timing of the circuit? Thank you

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. sorry not sure about this analysis, since I am not able to simulate it in my mind

        Delete
      2. That;s OK. What I'm saying, is that after current has been flowing through L2 and the top half of L1 for a while. the voltage on the drain of T1 goes from zero to the supply voltage, which then allows the supply to be applied to the gate of T2, tuning it on. I think.. But since the work coil isn't wound on a core, I see very little, if any, voltage induced in the other half of the work coil. So, I can't figure out how the work cap ever gets charged.

        Delete
      3. No, the voltage at drain will be above zero only when the device is not conducting, and will be zero the moment it starts conducting.

        the work coil definitely needs to be mounted on a core otherwise the resonance will never happen and the devices could get damaged.

        the core here is the metal which is being heated, that is the iron bolt or rod whatever it may be.

        the capacitors, the coil and the iron core together forms a "tank" circuit which reaches the resonance level during the operations and causes the desired heating effect.

        Delete
      4. So a voltage is induced in the bottom half of the work coil when the load is in place?

        Delete
      5. yes, at the drain of the non-conducting fet

        Delete
    58. Hello
      what is the maximum temperature which our metallic target reach inside the coil?
      and i wanna to know moreover current , what parameters effect on the final temperature (like frequency, voltage , coil diameter , etc) ?
      i assembled your designing circle , and the frequency has a tolerance between 70 to 120 kHz,can you give me an advise what's the matter?

      i really appreciate it in advance.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hello, it will depend on the input current and the coil wire thickness, and also the voltage level, higher parameters will allow higher temperatures and vice versa.....

        it's a self-resonating type of circuit, and the frequency will adjust as per the inductor efficiency.....a better optimized coil will enable better resonance and proportionately more heat.

        Delete
    59. HI, It's possible to melt steel on this kind of power? How could you increase the power by adding more mosfits?

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. It my be possible if the mosfets are appropriately upgraded with higher current ratings and the supply is also proportionately increased with higher current capacity.

        Delete
    60. Hi, thanks for the explanation. Really helpful stuff. I'm trying to make a heating circuit using Li-ion 3.7V battery. The end result is to heat a small piece of stainless steel. Don't know if I can use this technique as the battery power isn't that much. If I can please guide me how and if not , can you provide an alternative ? I'm looking at resistive heating

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. sorry that may not be possible.

        you will require at least may be 300 to 500 watts of power for melting a piece of steel which cannot be achieved from a 3.7v cell

        Delete
      2. I don't need to actually melt it. Just to heat it to a temp of around 200deg C. timing isnt crucial. But yes cell power is way too less I think for the application.

        Delete
      3. OK, it may be possible but only for a few seconds

        Delete
    61. hey swagatam im having isues with designing a mini induction heater can i use a set of irfz44n transistors for building a small zvs driver and if possible can you give me a half bridge schematic!

      Frank:

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hi Frank, you can try the first circuit from this article

        http://www.homemade-circuits.com/2014/11/solar-induction-heater-circuit.html

        Delete
    62. Sir
      Can i use 12v 80ah battery as input,if not any alternative by using this battery

      ReplyDelete
    63. Dear swagatam,
      Do you know or can design a electronic circuit to mesure the real magnetic field strength. Generated in the coil. I amen how much mIliTesla i have ?, Thank you in advance

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hi Guillermo, I think the circuit can be configured using a Hall effect sensor and an opamp stage, if possible I'll try to publish a design soon.

        Delete
    64. Sir,
      . I used 2.5mF / 450v tank capacitor and I used ferrite rod and wound 100 rounds of 1mm copper wire and I connected L1 with insulated coper wire to the second circuit by using transitor and power supply with high guage copper wire to 12v80ah battery and as soon as I supply power , wire (from L1 to circuit )started melting and copper wire arround ferrite rod went to a verry high temperature ,
      Can u suggest a solution to my problem

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Adithya, you must do EXACTLY as suggested in the above article.

        use 6 nos of 330nF/400V capacitors in parallel for making the 2uF capacitor, and connect them parallel with the work coil tube ends.

        the work coil must be built using copper tubes or very thick copper wires.

        don't use the last circuit, it's only a suggestion and needs to be experimented... use the first circuit with schotky diodes.

        for more info you can refer to youtube videos...there are plenty of videos which will show you how configure the above type of circuits.

        Delete
    65. Hello good Morning.
      I am performing the assembly of an induction heating system,
      But the tank coil should have a 16-inch diameter and will be fixed in the heating core, but as the power supply intends to work with the voltage of 220V rectified, it will not cause risk because it will work totally isolated and away from the users.
      It would be possible to assist in the calculation of L1 and L2
      Noting that the high voltage of the power supply is due to the high power I need.
      10KW.
      Thank you for the attention
      I'm sorry, my English
      Any help will be appreciated

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Hello, the circuit explained in the above article cannot be used with 220V mains or any high voltage above 24V, you have to calculate the parameters specifically for getting the required results from your design.

        You can take the help of this article to create a specialized circuit for as per the mentioned specs:

        http://www.homemade-circuits.com/2016/09/designing-induction-heater-circuit.html

        Delete
    66. how many turns are required for L2 for this circuit?

      ReplyDelete
    67. L2 turns will need to be experimented until around 2mH is fixed

      ReplyDelete
    68. Sir,
      . I have done first circuit by considering all the parameters you have told , it took 5 ferrite rod (each 20cm in length) by winding 1.5 mm copper wire to get 2mH by verifying on LCR meter , and even exat value 6 capacitor connected across parallel as mentioned in the article by giving 2uF , and finaly connected to a battery (12v/ 80ah) no sooner I cgave power supply one of the mosphet reches to a verry high temperature and blow off and other remain cool and this happens within 5-6 seconds


      I tried 4times the same circuit , evey time mospfet blow off , ialso used heatsinks

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Adithya, why did you use 5 ferrite rods? The coil must be wound over a single ferrite rod...if you do anything randomly as per your wish, then you will keep blowing the devices.

        which diode did you use for the mosfet gates

        did you connect the LC tank as indicated in the 3rd diagram from top??

        the L2 must a be neatly wound inductor over a single ferrite rod, the shape does not matter.

        secondly your circuit must begin self resonating, and this will strictly depnd on the value of the LC tank circuit and the voltgae.

        you must begin with a low volatge may be around 6V and then gradually increase it until you have the best possible results.

        while doing this you must have an ammeter connected i series with the input supply, and you just have a iron rod inserted through the work coil. This iron could be any 2cm thick iron bolt, or a 2cm thick screwdriver spindle.

        the voltage should be tweaked in a such a way that it results in minimum current consumption and maximum heat on the rod.....a temperature meter could be installed with the iron rod fr monitoring the heat as the voltage is gradually increased....at some point you might find that the current is increasing, and heat going down this is point where you must stop, until this sweet point is not reached you must keep adjusting the voltage with some trial and error.

        Delete
    69. Dear sir,
      I need your help . I’m using preethi induction stove. My problem (2uF 275VAC Class X2 Box Type Capacitor) capacitor was Busted but my area only available in (2.2uF 275VAC Class X2 Box Type Capacitor) may I use 2.2uF this capacitor
      thank you

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Dear Satish, according to me it should work, no harm in trying it out....

        Delete
    70. Dear sir.
      How many turns should L1 and L2 be? i wish to use this for my cloth dryer project.
      please i need your help on that.
      Thanks.

      ReplyDelete
      Replies
      1. Dear Deogratia, please go through the article explanation, diagrams, and the comments, I have already explained L1/L2 details elaborately

        Delete
    71. i also came accross this project on your wall... please i will like to ask if this is a 500watts 220vac inverter that can be use for homes.
      here is the link below.

      http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-oyXtDjDRk84/VGB2oRtPPhI/AAAAAAAAIjE/irHRQ5SPagI/s1600/48%2BV%2Binverter%2Bcircuit.png

      i wait your reply and thanks for the great stuff's you have on your page.

      ReplyDelete

    Please Note: If you find any DEAD link starting with http//:homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.com, please replace it with http://www.homemade-circuits.com/ for making it visible and alive again.