May 4, 2012

Make this Simplest Continuity Tester Circuit

A continuity tester is a device which is used for identifying the correct continuity of a particular conductor in question. Or in other words the device may be used for tracing faults or breaks in a particular conductor or a wire.

The device is actually a simple LED and a cell circuit, where the LED is made to switch by passing the cell voltage to the LED via the conductor in question. If the conductor is not broken, the cell voltage circulates through it and reaches the LED to complete the circuit and in the course illuminates thre LED, providing the relevant information. If the conductor is open internally, the cell voltage is unable to complete the circuit and the LED remains shut OFF, indicating the fault.

The first circuit diagram shows a very simple continuity circuit where only a LED/resistor set up along with a 3 volt source is used.

The prods are connected across the ends of the wires or the conductor which needs to be checked. The results regarding the status of the wire is achieved as explained above.

However this circuit is quite crude and won't be able to check big cable networks where the fed voltage may drop substantially in the path and might fail to illuminate the LED properly.

For checking complex and large wire or cable bundles, rather a much sensitive circuit may be required.

The next circuit shows a configuration which is much rugged and highly sensitive.

Moreover the wire ends may be checked via finger touches, which simply avoids th need of lengthy prods from the continuity tester.

The circuit employs a couple of cheap hi-gain transistors which are coupled together in such a way that the over all gain of the circuit becomes very high.

Even a few milli volts is enough for making the circuit conduct and illuminate the LED.

The connections can be seen in the figure, how through easy finger touch operations, even the staus of big wire bundles may be identified in seconds.

If the wire bundle is without breaks, the LED lights up brightly, and in case the wire is open somewhere, keeps the LED completely shut OFF.
This sensitive circuit can also be used as a  line tester, the 3volt point is held with hand, and the 1M end is touched to the point where the LINE presence needs to be tested.
The presence of phase, lights up the LED and vice versa. 

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  1. Hi eng. SWAGATAM, What is the purpose of the 0.1uf capacitor?

    1. to avoid the circuit from responding to stray RF disturbances.

  2. How do we reduce the sensitivity of this circuit? is it by changing the 1M resistor to a lower value?

    1. you can add a 1M pot parallel to the 0.1uF cap and use it for setting the sensitivity level.

  3. This circuit is really sensitive. I replaced the led with a buzzer. It even works across a 1M resistor. Can this circuit be adjusted to only buzz when resistance is of the trace to test for continuity is less than 100 ohm?

    1. yes that's a valid point, to solve this you can try adding a 10k or a 100k preset whichever suits better across the base and emitter of the BC547 transistor, or parallel with the 0.1uF capacitor....then you can adjust it appropriately for acquiring the desired amount of sensitivity.

    2. the LED can be replaced with a a buzzer for getting an audible indication

  4. Hi thanks for ur post. What s the voltage of cap 0.1uf