Mar 22, 2012

How to Make a Digital Voltmeter, Ammeter Circuit Module

Electrical parameters like voltage and current are inherently associated with electronics and with electronic engineers.


Any electronic circuit would be just incomplete without appropriate supply of voltage and current levels.

Our mains AC supply an alternating voltage at the potentials of 220 V, for implementing these voltages in electronic circuits we incorporate DC power adapters which effectively step down the mains AC voltages.

However, most power supplies don't include power monitoring systems in them, meaning the units don't incorporate voltage or current meters for displaying the relevant magnitudes.

Mostly the commercial power supplies use simple ways to display the voltages like a calibrated dial or ordinary moving coil type meters. These may be OK as long as the involved electronic operations are not critical, but for complex and sensitive electronic operations and troubleshooting, a hi-end monitoring system becomes imperative.

A digital volt meter and an ammeter become very handy for monitoring voltages and current perfectly without compromising safety parameters.

An interesting and accurate digital voltmeter and ammeter circuit has been explained in the present article which can be easily built at home, however the unit will require a well designed PCB for the sake of accuracy and perfection.

The circuit employs IC 3161 and 3162 for the required processing of the input voltage and current levels.

The processed info can be directly read over three 7-segment common cathode display modules.

The circuit requires a 5 volt well regulated power supply section for operating the circuit and should be included without fail as the IC strictly requires a 5 volt supply for operating correctly.

The displays are powered by individual transistors which make sure that the displays are lit brightly.

The transistors are BC640, however you may try other transistors like 8550 or 187 etc.

The proposed digital voltmeter, ammeter circuit module can be effectively used with a power supply for indicating the voltage and current consumption by the connected load through the attached modules.

Referring to the circuit diagram below, the 3 digit digital display module is build through the ICs CA 3162 which is an analogue to digital converter IC, and the complementary CA 3161 IC which is BCD to 7 segment decoder IC, both these ICs are manufactured by RCA.


How to Make a Digital Voltmeter, Ammeter Circuit Module


The 7-segment displays used are common anode type and are connected across the shown T1 to T3 transistor drivers for indicating the relevant readings.


The circuit includes the facility for the decimal point selection as per the load specs and range.

For example in the voltage readouts, when the decimal point illuminates at LD3 signifies a 100mV range.

For the current measurement the selection facility enables you to choose from a couple ranges, that is through a 0 to 9.99, and the other from 0 to 0.999 amps (using the link b). Which implies that the current sensing resistor is either a 0.1 ohm, or a 1 ohm resistor, as shown in the diagram below:







In order to ensure that R6 has no effect on the output voltage this resistor needs to be positioned prior to the voltage divider network which becomes responsible for controlling the output voltage.

S1 which is a DPDT switch is used for selecting either the voltage or the current reading as per the users preference.

With this switch set for measuring voltage P4 along with R1 provides an attenuation of around 100 for the fed input voltage.

Additionally the point D is enabled at a lower voltage level for allowing the illumination of the decimal point on the LS module, and the figure "V" become brightly illuminated.

With the selection switch held towards the Amp range, the voltage drop acquired across the sensing resistor is applied straight over to the points of the Hi-Low inputs of IC1 which is the DAC module.


The significantly low value of the sensing resistors ensures a negligible effect on the voltage divider outcome.


You will find 4 adjustment ranges supplied in the proposed digital voltmeter ammeter circuit module.

P1: for nulling the current range.

P2: For enabling full scale calibration of the current range.

P3: for nulling the voltage range.

P4: For enabling full scale calibration of the voltage range.

It is recommended that the presets are adjusted in the above order only wherein P1, and P3 appropriately used for correctly nullifying the respective parameters of the module.

P1 helps to compensate the regulator operating quiescent current consumption value, which results in a minor negative deviation across their voltage range, which is in turn effectively compensated by P3.

The voltage/current display module works using the unregulated supply from the supply source without any issues (not to exceed 35V max), note the point E and F in the second figure above. In that case the bridge rectifier B1 can be eliminated.

The system might be designed like a twofold to acquire concurrent V and I readings. It ought to be recognized, however, that the current sensing resistor is short-circuited by means of the ground links each time the two devices are provided from the identical source. There are basically two methods to defeat this disorder.

The first is to hook up the V module from a different source, while the l module from the "host" supply. The second is a lot more graceful and necessitates hard wiring areas E to the left side of the current sensing resistor.

Be aware, although, that the highest possible V reading in that case turns into 20.0 V (R6 declines l V max.), because the voltage at pin ll usually will not surpass l.2 V.

Bigger voltages tend to be showed by choosing the lower current quality, ` i.e., R6 gets to be 0R1. Instance: R6 falls 0.5V at a current usage of 5 A, to ensure 1.2 - 0.5 = 0.7V continues to be for the voltage reading, whose optimum display is in that case 100 x 0.7: 70 V Just as before, these kinds of complications simply develop whenever a couple of of these units are employed all in one supply.

PCB design for making the above discussed digital voltmeter, ammeter circuit modules



25 comments:

  1. Dear Swagatam,
    You have done a Excellent job, thank you for all your input's. Only today I found your blog, and was browsing for a "AVS circuit using an Isolation transformer", which would not have any break/delay (mS) while relay switching. I would prefer to use the control circuit on the primary of the transformer. Do you think you could help me?. Thanks a million.
    Basky

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks very much Basky, welcome to my blog!

      Please check out the following couple of links:

      http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2011/12/build-solid-state-scrtriac-controlled.html

      http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2011/12/diagram-shows-rather-simple-voltage.html

      If you have any further doubts, feel free to put them here:

      Regards

      Delete
  2. Hi Swagatam,

    do you have a circuit for digital AC voltmeter?

    Regards

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi,

      Some interesting information has been provided in the following page, might be useful to you:

      http://www.intersil.com/data/fn/fn3082.pdf

      Regards

      Delete
  3. Hi Swagatam,

    can you help me how to make a voltmeter circuit in using the breadboard??


    thanks a lot !!!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Procure a breadboard then i'll explain how to proceed....

      Delete
  4. Replies
    1. Please repeat your question I will answer it.

      Delete
  5. sir can u provide overall circuit of digital a.c voltmeter having range 0-500v

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Please check the circuit here:

      http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/p/forum.html

      Delete
  6. hey swagatam,
    cant finf the circuit diagram in the link. pls can u re pose the site. thanks in advance.
    Thila.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Thila,

      Google this:

      "digital ammeter voltmeter circuit module" and go to images, click the first image.

      Delete
  7. Hi Swagatam I am trying to measure Ac Voltage and current using Atmega32 and send the corresponding values to a remote user via SMS using a GSM module can you provide some assistance in this, I am stuck at voltage and current measurement part.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Shivendra,

      I am not good with microcontrollers so I am sorry I won't be able to help you.

      Delete
  8. Hi Sir,
    This is Siddu
    Thanks for replying to my comments.
    As you said values R3 or 2 ohm/2w used same then also same its taking above 3hours for charging even without resistor also same problem when normal charging from AC charger it will take around 2hr only, so please gave me the circuit diagram which is working like AC charger and my mail id ssinnurs@gmail.com
    Even I am following urs all blogs past 10 months it become very helpful.
    Thanks a lot you and god bless you
    Like you such people in this world very rare and thanks once again to your being here :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Siddu,

      thanks!

      Try using a LM317 circuit and through some trial and error find the correct voltage that will possibly give you the quickest charging rate..

      You can try the following design:

      http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2012/02/how-to-make-current-controlled-12-volt.html

      Rc and BC547 can be removed....not required for your application.

      Delete
  9. I will be waiting for your reply

    ReplyDelete
  10. Hi sir
    Thanks for your comments
    After populating ckt I will be here along with result

    ReplyDelete
  11. Hi Swagatam,
    The blogspot links for the circuits seem to be broken. Could be please make those circuits available otherwise?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Jai, yes I am aware of that, I seem to have lost the particular article, I'll try to fix it some time later.

      Delete
  12. can you please help me with an ac ammeter circuit i can not find 1 online that easily describes it and hopefully it will have an led display and my email is kkangelani@gmail.com if you still can not post them please

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. check out the LM3915 datasheet, you'll probably be able to find the required circuit in there

      Delete
  13. Sir how can I charge my smartphone by a 6v 5a lead acid battery

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Rani, you can connect the battery directly with the smart phone charging input but make sure to attach a 6V/1amp flashlight bulb in series with the positive line of the battery.

      Delete

Swagatam Majumdar
Swagatam MajumdarHi Friends, Welcome to my site, a place where you will discover a massive collection of electronic circuit ideas, mostly requested by the dedicated readers and exclusively designed by me for their customized application needs. I have posted more than 1100 circuit designs in this site, if you have a personalized circuit requirement you may feel free to request it through the comment box, if it seems feasible to me then surely you may find it published here with your credentials attached in the post, thanks and please keep reading



 
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