unlimited number of potential electronic circuit applications. Basically the
main function of this IC is voltage control and can also be wired for
controlling currents through some simple modifications. Battery charger circuit
applications are ideally suited with this IC and we are going to study one
example circuits for making a 12 volt automatic battery charger circuit using
the IC LM338.
wired around the IC LM301, which forms the control circuit for executing the
trip off actions.
the circuit breaker module. The whole operation can be analyzed trough the
inverting input clamped to a fixed reference point derived from a potential
divider network made from R2 and R3.
used for setting the output voltage of the IC LM338 to a level that’s a shade
higher than the required charging voltage, to about 14 volts.
resistor R6 which is included here in the form of a current sensor.
output pins of the IC LM338 makes sure that even after the circuit is
automatically switched OFF, the battery is trickle charged as long as it
remains connected to the circuit output.
after a partially discharged battery is connected to the output of the circuit.
charging rates depending upon the battery AH.
Circuit Functioning Details (As Explained By +ElectronLover)
” As soon as the connected battery is charged fully, the potential at the inverting input of the opamp becomes higher than the set voltage at non-inverting input of the IC. This instantly switches the output of the opamp to logic low.”
According to me:
V+ = VCC – 74mV
V- = VCC – Icharging x R6
VCC= Voltage on pin 7 of Opamp.
When The battery charges fully Icharging reduces. V- become greater than V+, output of the Opamp goes low, Turning on the PNP and LED.
R4 gets a ground connection through the diode. R4 becomes parallel to R1 reducing the effective resistance seen from the pin ADJ of LM338 to GND.
Vout(LM338) = 1.2+1.2xReff/(R2+R3), Reff is the Resistance of pin ADJ to GND.
When the Reff reduces the output of LM338 reduces and inhibit charging.